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Bronchitis is an infection of the main respiratory tract of the lungs (bronchi) which can cause inflammation, also called respiratory problems.

Bronchitis is divided into two types, namely:

  • Acute bronchitis. This is a type of bronchitis that lasts for two to three weeks. Acute bronchitis is one of the most common respiratory system infections and most often affects children under 5 years.
  • Chronic bronchitis. This is a type of bronchitis caused by bronchial infection and lasts at least three months in one year and recurs the following year. Chronic bronchitis is more common in adults over 40 years of age.

Bronchitis Complications

Pneumonia is the most likely complication of bronchitis. This complication occurs when the infection spreads further into the lungs. This infection causes the air sacs in the lungs to fill with fluid. About 5 percent of bronchitis cases lead to pneumonia.

For people with bronchitis, parents, smokers, and people who are sick, may need to be hospitalized because they are prone to pneumonia. So this action is well done as a form of prevention to avoid pneumonia.

Bronchitis Symptoms

  • Cough accompanied by mucus grayish yellow or green.
  • Sore throat.
  • Hard to breathe.
  • Runny or stuffy nose.
  • Pain or discomfort in the chest.
  • Fatigue.
  • Mild fever

Causes of bronchitis

Acute bronchitis is caused by a lung infection which in most cases is caused by a virus. Irritation and inflammation causes the bronchi to produce more mucus.

Bronchus is an airway in the respiratory system that carries air to and from the lungs. The most common cause of chronic bronchitis is smoking. Each cigarette suction has the potential to damage small feathers in the lungs called cilia. Ciliary hair functions to drive and sweep away excessive dust, irritation and mucus. After a while, the contents of cigarettes can cause permanent damage to the cilia and bronchial wall layers.

When this happens, dirt cannot be removed and disposed of normally. Mucus and dirt that accumulate in the lungs make the respiratory system more susceptible to infection.

Bronchitis Treatment

Generally, bronchitis can be easily treated at home. However, this condition can get worse and need treatment at the hospital. This happens when:

  • Coughing is more severe and lasts longer than three weeks.
  • Have a fever for more than three days.
  • Phlegm cough followed by blood.
  • Having a heart or lung disease is the underlying cause. For example, asthma, emphysema, or heart failure.


Recommended treatment for bronchitis:

  • Acute bronchitis can disappear by itself in a few weeks, so sometimes there is no need for treatment for bronchitis. It is recommended to drink plenty of fluids and also have plenty of rest. In some cases, symptoms of bronchitis can last longer.
  • Symptoms of chronic bronchitis will usually last at least three months. There are no drugs that can cure chronic bronchitis, but there are drugs that can be used to relieve the symptoms that appear. It's best to avoid smoking or the environment with many smokers around it. This condition can worsen the symptoms that appear if you have chronic bronchitis.

Bronchitis prevention

When coughing up phlegm, you should immediately consult a doctor to find out if there is a risk of bronchitis or not.

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Is a health and wellness enthusiast. In him free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.