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Cholesterol helps the body produce vitamin D, a number of hormones, and bile acids to digest fat. Actually cholesterol is needed by the body to help build new cells so that the body can continue to function normally. Vitamin D, a number of hormones, and bile acids to digest fat.

In the blood, cholesterol is carried by protein. Combined both are called lipoproteins. The two main types of lipoprotein are low density lipoproteins (LDL), commonly referred to as bad cholesterol and high density lipoproteins (HDL) commonly called good cholesterol.

LDL is responsible for transporting cholesterol from the liver to cells in need. But if the amount of cholesterol exceeds the need, it can settle on the walls of the arteries and cause disease. On the other hand, HDL, as opposed to LDL, is responsible for transporting cholesterol back into the liver. In the heart, cholesterol will be destroyed or released by the body through dirt.

The recommended cholesterol levels in the blood can vary depending on whether the person has a higher or lower risk of arterial disease. The amount of cholesterol in the blood can be measured by doing a blood test.

It is best to check cholesterol levels in the blood if you are overweight, have high blood pressure, have diabetes, or have other diseases that can increase cholesterol levels.

A cholesterol level diagnosis is also recommended if someone has a close family who suffers from cholesterol-related illnesses, or a close family who has a history of cardiovascular disease at an early age.

For those who have been diagnosed with coronary heart disease, mild stroke, or peripheral arterial disease, it is recommended to do this examination as well.


Causes of High Cholesterol

High cholesterol or hypercholesterolemia is a condition where the level of cholesterol in the blood exceeds normal levels. The condition of high cholesterol can increase the risk of getting serious illness. Cholesterol itself is a waxy fat compound that is mostly produced in the liver and others are obtained from food. Diseases that lurk patients with high cholesterol are usually associated with the deposition of excessive cholesterol in blood vessels, such as heart attacks and strokes.

Excess cholesterol can occur due to eating foods with high cholesterol content or because of lack of exercise. However, this condition can also occur due to hereditary factors.


Impact of High Cholesterol

When excessive cholesterol settles on the arterial wall, blood flow in the heart, brain, and other body parts can be blocked. High cholesterol increases a person's risk of arterial narrowing or atherosclerosis, blood clots in certain body parts, minor strokes, strokes, and heart attacks.

High cholesterol levels can also cause pain in the front chest or arm (angina) when a person experiences stress or heavy physical activity. In addition, high cholesterol also increases a person's risk of developing coronary heart disease.

If you don't change your diet and don't stop smoking, people with high cholesterol will be more at risk of stroke or heart disease. In cigarettes found a chemical called acrolein. This substance can stop the activity of good cholesterol or HDL to transport fat deposits to the liver. As a result there can be narrowing of the arteries or atherosclerosis.


Cholesterol Risk Factors

The risk of sufferers also increases if he suffers from hypertension, diabetes, or has a family suffering from heart disease or stroke. High cholesterol can also be caused by a genetic condition (heredity) called familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH). Cholesterol levels of patients with this condition remain high even though they have eaten healthy foods.


Cholesterol Treatment

To reduce cholesterol levels and avoid the risk of heart disease still lurking, you should consult a doctor. Doctors will usually do treatment by prescribing cholesterol-lowering drugs, such as statins.


Prevention of cholesterol

Eating healthy and nutritious balanced foods is one of the main steps that can be taken to prevent or reduce cholesterol levels. The fat content in food must be low. Try replacing consumption of foods that contain saturated fats with fruits and vegetables, and whole grains (for example whole wheat bread). That way, cholesterol levels in the body will remain low. In addition to a regular diet and lose weight for those who are overweight. No less important, avoid smoking.

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Is a health and wellness enthusiast. In him free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.