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Fever is an increase in body temperature above 38 degrees Celsius which is generally the body's response to disease. Fever can not only be caused by viral, bacterial or parasitic infections, but can also be caused by conditions of hyperthyroidism, arthritis, or the use of several types of drugs.

Symptoms of Fever

Some of the symptoms that can accompany fever, include:

  • Headache
  • A cold sweat
  • Shivering
  • Dehydration
  • Cough
  • Throat pain
  • Ear pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Throws up
  • Muscle ache
  • Appetite goes down
  • Fatigue


Fever symptoms to watch out for include:

  • Stiff neck
  • The eyes are very sensitive to light
  • Vomiting constantly
  • Reddish patches appear on the skin
  • Hard to breathe
  • Tend to be constantly drowsy
  • Pain and sickness
  • Do not want to drink and the frequency of urination decreases

Causes of Fever

Some causes of fever include:

  • Immunization, for example after getting a pertussis vaccine
  • Viral and bacterial infections, such as meningitis, typhus, dysentery, chickenpox, and urinary tract infections
  • Infection due to mosquito bites, such as dengue fever, malaria and chikungunya
  • Medications such as antibiotics, antihypertension, and antidepressants
  • Stand too long in the sun
  • Diseases, such as arthritis and hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid gland)
  • Cancer, such as leukemia, liver cancer, or lung cancer

Risk Factors for Fever

Some risk factors for fever include:

  • The age of children is more at risk of having a fever
  • Contact with people who are sick
  • Consumption of food or beverages contaminated with germs
  • The immune system is weak

Fever Diagnosis

The doctor will diagnose fever by measuring the temperature of the body of the sufferer by using a thermometer. After that, the doctor will find out the cause of the fever by conducting a medical interview, a thorough physical examination, and supporting examinations if needed.

Treatment of Fever

The doctor will recommend the following points to treat fever, namely:

  • Enough rest
  • Use thin and comfortable clothes
  • Stay in the room with cool air
  • Drink plenty of water to prevent dehydration
  • Compress with warm water


Provision of medicines, such as:

  • Antipyretic or fever-lowering, such as paracetamol or ibuprofen. In adults, aspirin can be given, but aspirin should not be given to children.
  • Antibiotics that doctors prescribe if the cause of a fever is a bacterial infection.

Complications of Fever

Some complications due to fever include:

Prevention of Fever

Prevention of fever can be sought by applying a clean lifestyle, such as always washing hands when exposed to objects or environments that are not sterile, covering the mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing, and not lending each other personal eating and drinking equipment.

When to go to the doctor?

If you have done prevention, but a fever still attacks and disrupts daily activities, immediately visit a doctor to ask for advice. Handling as early as possible will help prevent the emergence of more severe problems.

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Is a health and wellness enthusiast. In him free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.