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Hemorrhoids : Causes and Prevent

Hemorrhoids are swelling that contains enlarged blood vessels. Blood vessels affected by hemorrhoids are in or around the buttocks, namely in the rectum or in the anus. Most hemorrhoids are a mild disease and do not even cause symptoms. If only there are symptoms of hemorrhoids, usually what often happens is:

  • Bleeding after defecation. The blood color is bright red.
  • There is mucus after defecating.
  • Lumps hanging outside the anus. This lump usually has to be pushed back in after defecating.
  • Swelling, pain, and redness around the anus.
  • Experience itching around the anus.

Blood vessels can swell in the anus and cannot be seen, this is referred to as internal hemorrhoids. Swelling can also occur outside the anus which feels more painful, which is near the anal canal, referred to as external hemorrhoids.

Hemorrhoids are a common disease. At the age of 50, almost half of adults suffer from itching, discomfort, and bleeding. This can indicate the appearance of hemorrhoids.

Hemorrhoids Patients in the World

According to WHO data in 2008, the number of hemorrhoid sufferers or hemorrhoids worldwide is around 230 million people.

Consult the doctor

If the symptoms appear do not improve, you should consult a doctor. Especially if you experience bleeding or feeling sore. Symptoms of hemorrhoids usually disappear by themselves. In addition, this condition can be cured with a simple treatment that can be purchased at a pharmacy without using a prescription.

Your doctor can diagnose whether you have hemorrhoids by asking for a medical history and also doing a physical examination. The doctor will also check your drain. Some people feel reluctant to see a doctor. You don't need to feel embarrassed, all doctors are used to checking and treating hemorrhoids, because this is a very common disease.

Causes of Hemorrhoid Occurrence

The actual cause of hemorrhoids is still unclear. But, this disease is associated with an increase in blood pressure in the blood vessels in the anus and around it.

Increased blood pressure in the area of the anus and rectum can be caused by too long straining during bowel movements. Constipation is the main cause of straining. Constipation that occurs usually results from a lack of nutrient fiber in food.

Some things that increase your risk of getting hemorrhoids:

  • Frequently lifting heavy objects regularly.
  • Ages are getting older, which makes the body's tissues become weaker.
  • Continuous coughing or frequent vomiting.
  • Overweight.
  • Have a medical history of a family with hemorrhoids.
  • Often sitting for long periods of time.
  • Is pregnant.
  • Frequent anal intercourse.

Lifestyle Changes To Prevent And Treat Hemorrhoids

Symptoms of hemorrhoids can disappear after a few days without treatment. Hemorrhoids that appear during pregnancy will disappear by themselves after you give birth. But making lifestyle changes to reduce pain in the anus and surrounding veins is highly recommended. The lifestyle changes in question are:

  • Drink lots of water. Reduce consumption of caffeine and alcoholic beverages.
  • Increase intake of fiber in foods: fruits, vegetables, brown rice, whole grains, nuts, and whole grains.
  • Do not delay to defecate. Conversely, if you ignore the urge to defecate, it can make stool hard and dry to force you to push when you defecate.
  • Exercising regularly: Can prevent constipation, lower blood pressure, and help you lose weight.
  • Lose weight.
  • Avoid drugs that cause constipation such as painkillers that contain codeine.

Changes in lifestyle above can also reduce the risk of hemorrhoids for relapse. Or it can also prevent the appearance of hemorrhoids. In addition, there are medicines that can be purchased or prescribed by a doctor. This drug serves to facilitate bowel movements. Topical drugs can be used directly on your buttocks or tablets that can be purchased freely from the pharmacy.

To deal with more severe hemorrhoids, several types of treatment can be used. One of them is by binding to hemorrhoids. This is a non-operating process. Elastic straps are tightly attached to the bottom of the hemorrhoid. It aims to cut off the blood flow. Hemorrhoids will fall about one week. General anesthesia operations are sometimes performed. This hemorrhoidal surgery aims to lift or shrink large or external hemorrhoids.



Lohsiriwat, V. (2012). Hemorrhoids: From Basic Pathophysiology to Clinical Management.

Levine, J. American College of Gastroenterology (2018). Hemorrhoids and Other Anal Disorders.

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Is a health and wellness enthusiast. In him free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.