Monday, September 21 2020
Home / Condition I / Insomnia


Insomnia is a condition when a person has difficulty sleeping, so that he cannot have enough sleep time according to the time needed by the body. This causes the physical condition of people with insomnia to be not fit enough to carry out activities the next day.

Sleep is an unconscious condition that occurs naturally to allow the body to rest. During sleep, the body will go through a cycle that alternates between fast eye movement sleep and non-rapid eye movement sleep. A person may go through four or five sleep cycles in one night. One sleep cycle lasts approximately 90 minutes. Beginning with 4 non-REM sleep stages consisting of light sleep to deep sleep. Then proceed with REM sleep where at this stage the dream process occurs.

Symptoms of Insomnia

Someone who experiences insomnia is very difficult to feel sleepy, thus determining the size of normal sleep because the need for sleep varies for each person. This is influenced by age, lifestyle, environment, and diet. The most common symptoms of insomnia include:

  • It's hard to feel sleepy and can't fall asleep.
  • Waking up at night or early in the morning and unable to sleep again.
  • Feeling tired, emotional, having difficulty concentrating, and not being able to do good activities during the day ...
  • Unable to take a nap even though the body feels tired.

Causes of Insomnia

There are several factors that cause insomnia which ultimately lead to conditions of difficulty sleeping for a long period of time. Starting from the consequences of lifestyle and problems in the comfort of the room, to the consequences of psychological disorders, physical health problems, and side effects of drugs.

Diagnosis of Insomnia

There are a number of things that doctors might ask to try to diagnose insomnia, including:

  • Sleep routine.
  • A bad lifestyle, such as excessive coffee or liquor consumption.
  • Sports portion.
  • Medical history (possible illness).
  • Medicines that may be consumed.


In addition, the doctor will also ask to make a sleep diary for at least two weeks. This step can help doctors understand sleep patterns and measure the severity of insomnia experienced.

Some information that must be included in a sleep diary usually includes the time needed to be able to fall asleep, what time to start sleeping, how many times it wakes at night, and what time it wakes up. Complete information will help doctors deal with insomnia appropriately.

Treatment of insomnia

In treating insomnia, the first thing a doctor does is find out what caused it. If insomnia is based on certain unhealthy habits or patterns of life, the doctor will recommend repairing it. If insomnia is caused by a health problem (such as an anxiety disorder), the doctor will first deal with the conditions underlying the anxiety.

In some cases of insomnia, doctors will recommend undergoing cognitive behavioral therapy. This therapy can help to change the behavior and mindset that affects their sleep.

If deemed necessary, doctors can prescribe sleeping pills for some time. Sleeping pills are a temporary solution. Dealing with the symptoms of insomnia without finding a solution to the root cause, is rarely fully successful.

Prevention of insomnia

Check with your doctor if you have difficulty sleeping or have difficulty maintaining sleep, especially if it has an impact on daily life. Fatigue due to insomnia can affect moods and create problems in relationships with the closest people and coworkers.

Subscribe to our e-mail newsletter to get interesting stuff receive updates.

How useful was this post?

(1 Not useful / 5 Very useful)

User Rating: 0.0 ( 0 votes)
Is a health and wellness enthusiast. In him free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.