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10 Symptoms of a Heart Attack Men Should Watch Out for

Heart attacks can be a problem for everyone. Until now, this disease is still in the top list of causes of death in many countries. Men are considered as a group that is prone to heart attacks. Thus men need to recognize the various symptoms of this disease to be more vigilant, to carry out prevention early on.

Then why should it be to men? And can the symptoms in women be different? Every symptom of a heart attack is almost similar. It's just that, heart attacks are more often experienced by men.

Heart Attack

Types of Heart Disease

Several types of heart disease may often be considered the same. Among others are:




1. Congenital heart defects

Congenital heart disease or congenital heart defect disease is a heart disease that has existed since birth. This condition can be characterized by:

  • septal defects, namely the existence of a hole between the two chambers of the heart;
  • obstruction, ie the flow from those from the heart chambers is partially or completely blocked;
  • cyanosis, which is a disturbance in the blood flow in the heart so that the oxygen supply decreases.

2. Arrhythmia

Arrhythmia is a heart disorder characterized by an irregular heartbeat and rhythm. Starting from a heartbeat that is too fast (tachycardia), too slow (bradycardia), too early (premature contractions), and irregular (fibrillation).

3. Weak heart

Cardiomyopathy or a weak heart is a condition that occurs when the heart weakens so it is difficult to work properly. The reason is that the heart muscles experience disorders such as muscles that thicken, widen, and so on.

4. Coronary heart disease

Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a condition when the coronary arteries in the heart narrow due to the buildup of plaque. Finally, the nutrients and oxygen obtained by the heart will be less.

5. Heart failure

Heart failure is a term to describe when the heart is unable to function properly to pump blood throughout the body. This condition occurs when blood flow to the heart slows down, due to an insufficient amount of blood.

According to data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), states that women are less at risk of developing coronary heart disease until they are 55 years old compared to men who can have a heart attack at a younger age. In the age range of 25–35 years, the incidence of coronary heart disease in men compared to women is 3: 1.

Several factors can cause men to be more prone to heart attacks. This condition can arise due to stress, either because of work or problems at home. Men are thought to have more limited ways to deal with and express stress emotionally than women.

Meanwhile, one reason why men are more prone to heart attacks is that they don't have estrogen-like women. "The role of the hormone estrogen in women is as a protector of coronary heart disease. Because the hormone estrogen plays a role in regulating fat metabolism in the body.

Read Also : Heart failure and heart attack, what's the difference?

Symptoms of a heart attack in men

The condition of men who are more prone to heart attacks, when compared to women, does need to be a concern. There are a number of symptoms experienced by men in connection with the occurrence of a heart attack.

Some of the typical symptoms of a heart attack that occur in men are:

1. Great heat (hot flashes)

Women who experience menopause are not the only people who experience hot flashes. When Canadian researchers surveyed 1,015 heart attack patients in 2013, they found that about 45 percent of men experience these symptoms, both with and without chest pain.

2. Cold sweat

Cold sweat can mean more than a nerve problem. In the same study, cold sweat is one of the most common symptoms associated with sudden heart attacks. About 47 percent of men experience these symptoms, compared to only 40 percent of women.

3. Pain in the middle of the chest

Although most people associate heart disease with pain on the left side of the chest, actually people who have a heart attack often feel pressure or pain in the middle of the chest.

"Heart attacks most often cause discomfort in the middle of the chest, along with the sensation of feeling full, or incessant tightness," said cardiologist Dr. Curtis Rimmerman, MD.

4. Shoulder pain

While some men who have a heart attack feel chest pain as a symptom, others feel painful discomfort in their shoulders. In the same study, 41 percent of male heart attack patients said they experienced pain in their left arm or shoulder.

5. Pain in the arm

"Pain or discomfort is often still part of a clear symptom of a heart attack, but may not involve the chest. Examples might include arm or neck pain, "explained Dr. David Gatz, an emergency doctor at Mercy Medical Center in Baltimore, Maryland, United States.

6. Feeling weak or easily tired

Generally feeling sluggish and weak can mean you have a cold. However, these conditions can also indicate that you have a heart attack.

7. Fatigue that is difficult to explain

According to the American Heart Association, unexplained fatigue is one of the most common signs of heart disease. That's because when the heart is unable to pump enough amount of blood throughout the body, the circulatory system responds by diverting blood from less vital organs, such as the muscles in your limbs. This, in turn, causes fatigue that is often experienced by patients with heart disease.

8. Toothache

Toothache does not always mean it's time to check with the dentist. But to the surprise of victims of a male heart attack - about 13 percent in the study - toothache is one of the silent symptoms that can cause interference with their heart.

9. Headaches

Because headaches are a common disease, it's easy to brush them off that it's not a symptom of a heart attack. However, in some cases, headaches can indicate a serious heart problem. Problems in the same study, 16 percent of male patients reported experiencing headaches when they had a heart attack.

10. Numbness

Disruption of blood flow is a disorder of the most common symptoms of a heart attack. Because a heart attack causes blood vessels throughout the body to narrow and it limits the amount of blood that your extremity receives and therefore causes parts of the body to numb.

Those are some of the symptoms of a heart attack that are typical of men. If you - or a colleague, relative, or person closest to you - experience some of the conditions above, immediately consult a doctor. Early treatment of these symptoms allows heart problems experienced by patients can be treated immediately.

So what is the right heart medicine?

The choice of heart medicine is different for each person, depending on the problem of what happens to your heart. However, in general, the treatment of heart disease is intended to reduce and relieve the appearance of symptoms. Therefore, the heart drug is divided into several choices, namely:

Prescribed heart medications

There are various types of drugs that can be an option in heart care. Some drugs are prescribed to prevent blood clots, but others have different functions and goals.

Heart medications that can be consumed, for example, statins as heart drugs to lower cholesterol; aspirin, clopidogrel, and warfarin as heart drugs to prevent blood clots; beta-blockers are heart medications that serve to treat heart attacks, heart failure, and high blood pressure; and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are drugs for treating heart failure and high blood pressure.

The selection of this type of heart drug will usually be adjusted in advance with your health condition.

Heart care at home

It is important to remember, doctors give you heart medications that aim to improve your heart health condition. However, this medical treatment is difficult to run effectively if it is not accompanied by changes in a better lifestyle.

So, make sure you do simple maintenance at home with a number of things such as:

  • Balanced diet. Choose foods that are low in fat and high in fiber as your daily intake. Also reduce the consumption of salt, sugar, but add grain intake.
  • Regular exercise. Regular exercise for at least 30 minutes for a few days a week can bring many positive effects, including healthy heart function and the entire circulatory system; reduce the body's cholesterol amount, and maintain blood pressure stability.
  • Maintain ideal body weight. Keep your body weight within normal limits, not less than excessive.
  • Avoid cigarettes and drink alcohol. Smoking and drinking alcoholic beverages include a handful of risk factors for heart disease. Whether it's coronary heart disease, heart attack, heart failure, and others.
  • Check-up routine. Periodic checks aim to monitor the extent of disease progression, as well as determine the appropriate actions to overcome them.

Medical procedures with surgery

Surgery will be taken as a last resort if heart medications and lifestyle changes are not enough to treat damage to your heart. The following are the four most common types of heart surgery:

  • Attach the heart ring. A procedure that is done to dilate blood vessels in the heart that experience blockages or narrowing.
  • Heart bypass surgery. This operation uses blood vessels from other parts of the body as a shortcut for blocked arteries.
  • Surgery to repair damaged heart valves. Damage to the heart valve can be treated using your own body tissue, biological replacement valves, valves donated from other people, or mechanical or artificial valves.
  • Heart transplant. This procedure is usually done for cases that are classified as serious.





References

References

  1. Healthline (2018). Warning Signs of a Heart Attack.
  2. Moya, A., Sutton, R., Ammirati, F., Blanc, J. J., Brignole, M., Dahm, J. B., & Wieling, W. (2009). Task Force for the Diagnosis and Management of Syncope; European Society of Cardiology (ESC); European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA). Heart Failure Association (HFA).
  3. Mayoclinic (2018). Heat Disease in Women: Understand Symptoms and Risk Factors. 

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Is a health and wellness enthusiast. In him free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.

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