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10 Tips for Eliminating Keloids that Interfere with Appearance

Keloid is a disorder of the skin, which results from excessive body response to wound healing. This condition can be influenced by genetic and environmental factors.

The appearance of keloids is characterized by a flat or raised lump that exceeds the size of the wound. Usually, keloids appear with irregular features, hard textures, and have a variety of colors (pink, red, or brown).

In addition, keloids can cause pain, itching, and irritation that tends to enlarge. This condition cannot be left alone. You should find the right therapy to get rid of keloids in the dry wound.

What causes keloids to appear?

Most injuries to the skin can cause keloids, such as:

According to the American Osteopathic College of Dermatology, about 10% of the population has keloids, with the possibility of being male and female as large. Black-skinned people are more likely to experience keloids.

In addition, other risk factors for the occurrence of keloids include:

  • Asian descent
  • Latin descent
  • Pregnant
  • Less than 30 years old

Keloid has genetic factors, which means that if your parents have keloids, then you are also likely to experience it. A study shows that a gene called AHNAK plays a role in determining whether a person can experience keloids or not. The researchers found that people who had the AHNAK gene would be more likely to experience keloids than those who did not.

If you know that you have risk factors for keloids, then you can avoid piercings, unnecessary surgeries, or tattoos.

Therapy for keloid removers

There are several therapeutic options available to treat keloids, although there is no most effective therapy. Various treatment options are sometimes difficult to carry out and do not always succeed in completing keloids. The following are some of them:

1. Cryotherapy

It is a therapy by temporarily freezing the tissue using liquid nitrogen. Many people can tolerate this therapy well. While others may experience severe pain during the procedure. However, the pain will disappear after finishing therapy.

After several times, this therapy can reduce the size of keloids by 50 percent. There is a study that states that cryotherapy will work well on small keloids that are less than three years old.

Although freezing keloids with liquid nitrogen can flatten keloids, sometimes this therapy also has side effects. The condition of side effects that occur is usually in the form of a darker or brighter color on the treated side.

2. Inject corticosteroids into the wound

This therapy has been used for years and is quite successful in reducing the size of keloids. Although safe, this therapy can cause pain to a moderate degree. Injections are usually done once every 4-8 weeks into keloids and can be used together with cryotherapy.

Steroid injections can make keloid color redder due to the stimulation of new superficial blood vessel formation. However, this can be overcome by a combination of therapy using a laser.

Keloid will look better after therapy than before but will leave marks that look different from the surrounding skin. A study states that steroid therapy will work well in the condition that the new keloid grows and the treatment is combined with surgery.

3. Radiation

Usually given immediately after keloid surgery, several studies have shown that there is a high cure rate or at least there is an improvement in keloids after this therapy. Some doctors have even reported that radiation therapy is safe and effective enough to treat keloids.

4. Tretinoin cream (Retin-A)

Tretinoin is a prescription drug that is applied to the skin. This drug is also often used to treat acne and aging because it can accelerate the replacement of natural skin cells.

5. Surgery

Therapy using this technique is quite risky. The risk of cutting keloids can trigger the formation of a new keloid, which is even bigger than before.

Some surgeries are successfully carried out by a combination of steroid injections or applying compression (using a special pressure apparatus) to the side of the wound for several months after keloid surgery. After surgery, the doctor will usually provide superficial radiation therapy to get optimal results.

6. Laser

The laser can effectively flatten keloids and reduce redness. This therapy is safe and not very painful, but it may take several therapy sessions to treat keloids. So, this therapy is quite difficult to do because it requires a large amount of money.

7. Gel or silicone sheet

The use of gel or silicone can help shrink prominent keloid marks. Low-risk silicone causes side effects and is easy to use.

This therapy is done by placing silicone gel sheets on the keloid area continuously for several months. Unfortunately, this method is difficult to undergo and causes variable results. Some doctors claim that dressing keloids with materials other than silicon can also get the same results.

8. Imiquimod cream

This cream is used for the treatment of several skin lesions, including skin cancer. The study found that this therapy works well on keloids that have been removed because it reduces the chance of keloids appearing after treatment.

9. Interferon

Interferon is a protein produced by the immune system and can help fight viruses and bacteria. Recently a study found that injection of interferon helped to significantly reduce keloid size, although it is uncertain whether it will last long.

10. Fluorouracil and bleomycin

Injection of this chemotherapy agent can also be used to treat keloids. Its use can be given independently or together with steroids.

So many therapeutic options are available to eliminate keloids that interfere with the appearance. The combination of various therapies above can be an option. To be safer, consult your choice with a specialist before deciding on the choice of therapy to take.

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Is a health and wellness enthusiast. In him free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.

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