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2 Months Pregnancy: From Embryo to Fetus

When 2 months pregnant, the fetus in the womb has begun to develop rapidly. Maybe an enlarged stomach as a sign of pregnancy has not been clearly seen in your body. Actually, when you are 2 months pregnant there are so many processes that occur in your womb.

Hormonal changes and the development of embryos in the uterus can cause pregnant women to often feel tired quickly and still experience morning sickness. If during pregnancy 1 month the Little One is still referred to as an embryo or a collection of cells, then in this 2-month pregnancy the embryo has become a fetus with limbs beginning to appear.

How is Fetus Growth?

Before you get pregnant, your uterus will be about the size of your fist. But when you are 2 months pregnant, your uterus becomes the size of a grapefruit. In addition, the embryo in the womb is now the size of a peanut with a length of about 1.6 centimeters, in which there are all the members of the human body. At the age of 2 months pregnant, the bones have begun to grow, so are the fingers and toes.

2 Months pregnancy




Here are some signs of your fetus's development, including:

8 weeks pregnant

  • The appearance of the face begins to form, with the nose and eyelids starting to appear.
  • The tail in the back of the embryo begins to disappear and your prospective baby will begin to enter a period called the fetus.
  • The earlobe continues to form, both inside and outside the ear.
  • The sex of your fetus has been formed, but the genitals are still developing.
  • Legs begin to elongate and cartilage begins to form.
  • The placenta begins to develop and begins to attach to the uterine wall.

9 weeks pregnant

  • Although the size is still very small, about 9 inches (2.3 centimeters) but the weight of your fetus will increase rapidly.
  • Joints such as the knees, elbows, shoulders, wrists and ankles start working.
  • The baby's heart starts beating as it enters week 4. On Week 9 this heart valve begins to form and the heart begins to divide into four chambers.
  • The face of the fetus starts to look clearer with the formation of the nose, eyes, mouth, and tongue.
  • His fingers and toes have grown even though they are webbed and connected to each other.
  • Internal organs, such as the heart, brain, lungs, and kidneys continue to develop.
  • Although it cannot be detected, the genitals have begun to form.
  • The placenta has developed so that it can produce hormones and nourish the fetus.

10 weeks pregnant

  • Your fetus is about 12.2 inches (3.1 centimeters) and weighs about 4 grams.
  • Ears have begun to appear on the right and left side of his head. The ear canal has also formed in the ear.
  • The upper lip and nostrils begin to form.
  • Jaws and prospective teeth also begin to form.
  • His heart is now beating 180 times per minute, which means 2-3 times more than an adult human heart.
  • He starts moving and this can be seen at USG.
  • Most vital organs, such as the brain, lungs, and kidneys, have begun to function and mature.
  • The head of the fetus becomes as big as half of the entire body, with a bulge on the front of the head as part of brain development.
  • The fingers and toes begin to separate from each other, and are no longer webbed.

11 weeks pregnant

  • The ears have begun to look clearer.
  • The body of the fetus is growing rapidly, so that its head is now only one third of its entire body.
  • Finger nails begin to appear.
  • The fetal skin is still transparent, but the bones begin to harden.
  • The outer part of the genital organs is still forming.
  • He moves very actively, even though you can't feel it yet.

12 weeks pregnant

  • This week, the fetus measures 21.2 inches (5.4 centimeters), weighs 14 grams.
  • This week, your fetus will be fully formed. He already has a complete limb with bones and muscles in place.
  • The skeleton that is formed from cartilage begins to develop into hard bones.
  • Sex organs are also well developed.
  • Both eyes and ears were in their proper place.
  • The intestine has developed and extends to close to the umbilical cord, but will then return to the abdominal cavity.
  • The kidneys can now process urine.
  • The nervous system is getting more mature.

Read also : 1 Month Pregnancy: Hormone Change and Morning Sickness

What are the changes that occur in your body during pregnancy?

Some women often feel fatigue and morning sickness or the condition of nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy due to hormonal changes. These changes also make it more difficult for you to sleep at night, among others, because you want to urinate more often.

To relieve morning sickness, avoid foods and drinks with a pungent aroma or a feeling that is too strong. Take mineral water more often and wear comfortable loose clothes. As much as possible, keep doing light activities that you like to shift focus, because nausea and vomiting will get worse if you keep thinking about it.

If you feel morning sickness, you may lose weight now. But not to worry, because generally pregnant women only gain 2.2-4.4 pounds (1-2 kilograms) of weight in the first trimester of pregnancy. The recommended weight gain during pregnancy is 24-35 pounds (11-16 kilograms).

When you are 8 weeks pregnant or 2 months pregnant, your blood volume will increase by 40-50 percent. In addition, enlarged breasts will make you need a larger bra. Psychologically, you might feel the mood becomes faster and often changes. Some women also begin to feel bloating and heartburn. Some women may feel changes, such as increased speed of hair and nail growth. This is normal as a result of increased circulation of hormones.

In certain cases, some women experience minor bleeding in the early days of pregnancy. If the bleeding persists and is accompanied by abdominal pain, you should immediately see a doctor.

Skin changes can occur, such as the areola or nipples that are darker in color. In addition, there can also be darkened areas of the skin, called cloasma, which will return to their original color after labor.

Some things you need to check

After carrying out an initial examination to confirm the diagnosis of pregnancy, you can start a routine checkup according to the schedule given by the obstetrician. Here are some things that you must make sure, including:

  • Last menstrual date.
  • Contraception used.
  • Medicines taken, including whether there are allergies to certain drugs.
  • History of internal medicine.
  • Your health problem (if any).
  • History of previous pregnancy (if any).
  • Have you ever had an abortion or had a miscarriage.

Things to Look For by Pregnant Women

There are several things that can be a guide so that your pregnancy at the age of 8-12 weeks feels more comfortable. Among them:

  • Use a bra that is more suitable to support your enlarged breasts.
  • Be aware that drastic mood changes in a short time are normal for pregnant women.
  • If you find it difficult to sleep, condition your room and yourself as comfortable as possible, such as listening to light music or reading before going to bed.
  • Avoid heartburn by choosing foods in smaller portions but more often. Also avoid lying down after eating and avoid spicy and oily foods.
  • It is best to consult your doctor before taking over-the-counter medicines or herbs.
  • Be careful if you have pets that can risk toxoplasmosis, such as cats.
  • Keep exercising to maintain fitness. Choose sports with mild intensity, such as walking or swimming.
  • Take time to read information about pregnancy and childbirth with your husband.
  • Pay attention to the intake of nutrients you consume. Avoid too many sweets and non-nutritious snacks at night.
  • Keep taking folic acid supplements at a dose of 400 mcg per day during pregnancy.
  • Pregnant women who practice Kegel exercises feel helped while undergoing labor and afterwards, because this activity can strengthen vaginal muscles.
  • Husbands can help alleviate the fatigue experienced by his wife by massaging the back, legs, or hands of a pregnant woman at night.

If during 2 months of pregnancy you feel nausea and vomiting or excessive fatigue, immediately consult a gynecologist. Along with increasing gestational age, you will feel better and easier to move as normal.

Read also : 3 Months Pregnancy: Babies Start to Be Able to Hear





References

References

  1. American Pregnancy Association (2016). 8-12 Weeks Pregnant
  2. NHS Choices UK (2017). You and your baby at 9-12 weeks pregnant.
  3. Baby Centre UK (2017). Fetal ultrasound - 2 months.
  4. Webmd (2018). The First Trimester: Your Baby's Growth and Development in Early Pregnancy.

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Is a health and wellness enthusiast. In him free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.

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