Tuesday, November 20 2018
Home / Health / 5 Body organs damaged by obesity

5 Body organs damaged by obesity

Obesity is not just the addition of a layer of fat on the thighs, arms, or stomach. There is a greater consequence of this poor and immobile diet. Maybe we can not see the visible effect of obesity on the organs, but in fact obesity can indeed affect health. Biochemistry in the body is very complex, connecting many organs throughout the body. Not only that, the biochemistry of the body also plays a role to connect organs with physical and mental health. Similarly, obesity, will certainly affect the organs in the body.

Here are five organs that are most damaged by the condition of obesity.

1. Colon, Researchers have never found a relationship between obesity with cancer is so strong, except for the risk of colon cancer or colon. In men and women who are classified as obese, the risk of colon cancer increases. This is because the diet is high in red meat and processed meats, both of which are the main factors of colon polyps, early signs of colon cancer potential.

2. Brain, The relationship between body and mind has long been known and is now increasingly clear. A study found, cognitive function showed a relationship with obesity. According to the study, obesity may be at risk of early cognitive decline. 

One hypothesis that explains this is obesity affects the damage of white areas in the brain that give signals to the organs of the body. John Gunstad, professor at Kent State University says, the breakdown of this relationship is not as rough as the "wiring" of nerves, but obesity makes the delivery ability of this signal weakened overall.

3. Heart Fat cells in the body need oxygen to stay alive. That means the heart works harder to pump blood into more blood vessels. Plus, the more fat accumulates in the artery wall, the narrower the blood chamber moves inside and the heart must work harder.

4. Skin, Obesity disorders of the skin, such as the emergence of stretch marks, are often considered trivial. Though skin disorders that occur may be more and more dangerous. Some of these are hormonal changes related to obesity can cause acanthosis nigricans, thickening and darkening of skin tone, especially around the neck, or swelling and attracted skin that causes rashes and irritation called stasis dermatitis. 

Maintaining skin health is not just a matter of beauty, because the skin surface is the main protector of the body. The attractiveness of the skin because of obesity can have serious health impact.

5. Lung, This organ also received a high risk due to excessive fat in the body. Studyin 2010showed that the large number of fat cells in the body reduces the overall organ's capacity to gain air. 

People with obesity also tend to have sleep apnea or stop breathing during sleep. If not addressed immediately, then stop breathing will reduce the levels of oxygen that enters the body, resulting in blood coagulation that is fatal.

Obesity can decrease bone density 

Research shows that obesity will reduce bone density and increase the risk for fractures. Basically, bones have the ability to always update themselves. The trick is to destroy the damaged bone tissue with osteoclast cells, and build new bone tissue with osteoblast cells. If the speed of both runs in balance, your bones will always be solid and strong. 

However, in obese people, usually the rate of renewal of bone tissue is unbalanced. 

Launched from the Healthline page, the speed of building new bone tissue tends to decrease in the obese group. Meanwhile, in the process of destruction of bone tissue actually increased 3-fold faster in obese groups. More destructive process than formation consequently makes the bone density decreases. If bone density decreases, bones are more likely to be injured or broken.

How big is the impact of obesity on bones? 

Osteosarcopenic obesity is a condition of worsening bone density and muscle mass as well as associated with excessive accumulation of fat in the body. Generally this occurs in adults and elderly. 

According to Dr. Michael Drey, M.Sc. an expert on osteosarcopenia, from Medizinische Klinik und Poliklinik IV, at the Clinic der Universitat Munchen, osteosarcopenic obesity is thought to be the most important concern in the future, because there are three health conditions that become one at a time. The three conditions are osteoporosis (loss of bone mass), sarcopenia (loss of muscle mass), and obesity.

According to Jasminka Ilich-Ernst, a professor of nutrition at Florida State University, obesity not only makes people at high risk for heart and blood vessel problems, but also causes bone problems. Indeed most studies see the effect of obesity in metabolic cases compared to cases of bone. However, the impact of obesity on bone can not be underestimated. 

Ilich-Ernst says that fatty tissue has a negative impact on bone density, muscle strength, and also increases the effects of inflammation. Moreover, the fat in the stomach that is more toxic than in other parts. 

Lifestyle changes is one way that can prevent or delay the occurrence of obesity osteosarcopenic this weight can be maintained and balance the risk of having problems in the bones and smaller muscles. There is no special treatment or medication in this case, other than by keeping food and exercise intake.

Not only in adults, obesity affects the bone health of children

1. More at risk of fractures and short stature

Just like adults, obese children also have a greater chance of fractures. Reported in News Medical Life Science, obese children are more likely to experience frequent fractures in their growth plate. Growth plate is a growing tissue area at the end of long bones. This network area that produces new bone tissue so that the bones of children can be longer, so the child can be higher. Long bones for example in the legs and arms. 

Fractures in the growth plate make this network function is not optimal. This condition certainly disrupts the process of bone lengthening which can result in a child's height less permanently, bent bones or even arthritis.

2. Flat feet

The impact of obesity also affects the soles of children's feet. Obese children often have flat soles. This condition makes them more tired when walking away. Children with flat feet should perform stretching exercises that focus on tendons in the heel, using special footwear to improve the shape of the feet, and weight management to reduce the burden of increasing weight.

3. Impaired development of coordination

According to the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons, obese children often experience difficulty in their movements, eg symptoms such as:

Children experience problems with rough motoric movements such as, jumping motion, standing with one leg

Problems with fine motoric such as writing, cutting, tying shoelaces

 

The condition of this developmental coordination disorder may disrupt or limit the ability of the child to exercise. This has the potential to make the child's weight gain weight again.



Subscribe to our e-mail newsletter to get interesting stuff receive updates.

Rate this article


User Rating: ( votes)
Regret of the day and yesterday, and the fear of tomorrow are two thieves who take happiness today.

Check Also

Fat in blood and high sugar levels trigger risk mental disorders

Fat in blood and high sugar levels trigger risk mental disorders

Latest data from the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2017 mentioned that there are more than 300 …

0 Response

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *