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5 Causes of the most common kidney stones

Kidney stones are a condition in which minerals or other substances in the blood crystallize in the kidneys and form a solid. If allowed to block the urine path to damage the kidneys. Before that happens, first identify the cause as early as possible.

Calcium stones are caused by high levels of calcium in the urine. This type of kidney stones is the most common. High levels of calcium can be caused due to hyperkalsiuria hereditary disease. This condition causes the sufferer to release a lot of calcium in the urine. High levels of calcium can also be caused by overactive parathyroid glands. The hormones produced by this gland function to regulate the amount of calcium in the blood.

The second is uric acid stones. This rock is formed by high uric acid levels in the urine caused by high purine foods. Examples of foods that trigger high uric acid are shellfish, meat and fish. Patients with Gout disease are also at high risk of forming this type of stone.

The third is struvit stone. This is a type of kidney stones that can form and grow rapidly. The main cause of the formation of struvit stone is a long-lasting urinary tract infection. This type of stone is more commonly found in female patients than in male patients.

The last one is the cystine stone. Kidney stones are formed by too much amino acid cystin issued by the kidney. Stone cystine is a type of kidney stone is very rare. This condition is caused by a disease known as cystinuria. This disease affects the amount of amino acid cystine released in the urine.

Kidney stones can be marked with a sense of pain in the back, abdomen or groin. Accompanied by pain during urination. There are various conditions that can be the cause of kidney stones. Some of them are



Dehydration is a common cause of kidney stones. Lack of fluid intake makes salt, minerals and other substances in the urine can stick together, crystallize and form stones.

Certain Diets

Most kidney stone crystals are formed from calcium-oxalate. So that excessive consumption of these two substances can cause kidney stones. Some foods high in oxalate are spinach, beans, and chocolate.

Certain diets

While excess calcium is found in vitamin D supplements so that consumption needs to be limited. Too much consumption of animal protein dishes such as red meat.

As well as foods or drinks high in salt also sugar can increase calcium levels.

But uniquely, a low calcium diet can also cause kidney stones. So, it is important to consume calcium in moderation.

Urinary tract infection

Urinary tract infection

In addition to being formed from calcium, kidney stones can also be composed of magnesium and ammonia residue products. Kidney stones of this type are called ammonia or struvit stones. This condition is common after suffering from infections of the bladder channel and more commonly experienced by women.

History and Descendants

Kidney stones may form in people with cystinuria derivative disorders. That is a disease that causes the kidneys to secrete too many specific amino acids.

History and descendants

Other inherited diseases such as hipercalciuria can also trigger kidney stones. Hipercalciuria is a condition in which the body absorbs too much calcium (in the form of calcium-oxalate or calcium-phosphate) and secretes it in the urine.

Furthermore, someone who has a relative or relative of kidney stones is more susceptible to having kidney stones as well. And if you already have one or more kidney stones, the chances of increasing the number of stones will be higher.

Other Diseases

other disease

Kidney stones can also be caused by chronic diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and gout disease. And abnormalities in the parathyroid gland.

Where this gland produces too many hormones that can increase the levels of calcium in the blood.


In addition to dietary factors and underlying health conditions, there are several other factors that can lead to kidney stone disease, including:

  • Drinking less water
  • Family health history
  • Obesity
  • Taking drugs, such as diuretics, aspirin, antibiotics, antacids, as well as some antiepileptic and antiretroviral drugs
  • Side effects of surgery on the digestive organs

If you've suffered from kidney stones, then you have a chance to get re-exposed to the same conditions. Here are the factors that trigger the recurrence of kidney stones.

  • Too much protein-containing food and too little fiber consumption.
  • Only one kidney is still functioning.
  • have experienced several infections associated with the kidney or urinary system.
  • Have a family history of kidney stones.
  • Ever had surgery on the digestive system.
  • Routine supplements containing calcium.
  • Taking aspirin medications, certain antibiotics, antacids, diuretics, antiepileptic drugs, and drugs for HIV.

The causes of kidney stones vary from a lifestyle that lacks drinking water and consumes too much protein. Frequent urination or the presence of disease in family or relatives can also increase the risk of kidney stones.

After knowing the cause, it is advisable to drink plenty of water and apply a healthy diet rich in fiber. And if you suffer from any disease related to kidney stones, call your doctor immediately to minimize any risks.

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Is a health and wellness enthusiast. In him free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.

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