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5 Causes of Women Having Early Menopause and How to Overcome Them

Menopause is normal in the phase of a woman's life. However, you should be alert if menopause comes too early. Because, early menopause can be caused by several factors and certain medical conditions.

Entering the age of 40 years, there will be anxiety in women against menopause who will soon come over. The reason is, there are a number of changes that will be experienced at menopause, ranging from vaginal dryness to hot flashes or a burning sensation in the body accompanied by sweat. Then, what if a young woman experiences premature menopause?

Usually, the anxiety experienced comes because there is doubt whether you can adapt to the condition or not. Well, if a woman who is elderly is worried about menopause, women who experience menopause at a young age can also panic.

Some people may wonder, how can someone experience premature menopause. However, even young women can actually be affected by menopause due to several special causes. Let's recognize the causes and symptoms of this menopause.

Causes of early menopause

Reporting from Health, early menopause is caused by surgical removal of the ovaries. A woman who carries a BRCA (BReast CAncer) gene mutation or a gene that determines susceptibility to breast cancer, can choose to have an ovary or be removed to prevent further disease.

Removal of the egg cell will drastically reduce estrogen levels, so the woman experiences hot flashes, vaginal dryness, and various other menopausal symptoms.

One of the easiest ways to detect early menopause is to check the menstrual cycle for the past 4 months. Women with premature ovarian failure (POI) may experience significant mood changes, low libido, and difficulty getting children because the ovaries stop producing eggs before the age of 40.

Although it is not yet clear exactly what caused the POI, but there are several risk factors that trigger it, including:

There is a history of early menopause in the family

If your grandmother, mother, or sister experiences premature menopause due to POIs, chances are you will also experience that because POIs are genetic.

Genetic disorders

FMR1 is a gene that causes Fragile X syndrome or other gene mutations that can cause problems in your ovaries. According to a National Institute of Health report, 1 in 33 women who experience premature menopause due to POI originates from a genetic disorder.

Chemotherapy or radiation

Similar to a toxic environment, chemotherapy can damage genetic material in ovarian cells. However, the damage depends on the type of drug, the dose of radiation, and the age when you do the cancer treatment.

Autoimmune disorders

Autoimmune thyroiditis (inflammation of the thyroid gland) has been associated with POIs. Likewise with Addison's disease, where the adrenal glands do not produce enough hormones. In this case, maybe your own immune system is attacking the follicles (small pockets where the eggs mature and grow) in your ovaries.

Expose cigarettes or other poisons

Some poisons, such as the content of cigarettes and pesticides, allegedly can cause premature ovarian failure. Generally, women have primordial follicles (small seeds that grow into follicles) that are sufficient to survive until you are 50 years old. However, due to frequent exposure to chemicals, the follicle quickly dies out.

Recognize symptoms of early menopause in women

In addition to being aware of the various risk factors above, you also need to know some signs of the appearance of early menopause. Symptoms are the same as menopause in general, namely:

Irregular menstruation

Occurs in the phase of perimenopause or the transition period before menopause occurs. Menstrual cycle will elongate, then completely stop.

Dry vagina

Decreased estrogen will also cause vaginal elasticity to decrease, thick and moist.


Changes in estrogen production can weaken bladder function, especially when coughing or sneezing.

Emotional changes and difficulty concentrating

This makes young women who experience premature menopause become irritable or offended.

How to Overcome the Symptoms of Early Menopause

Early menopause cannot be treated or prevented by certain medications or treatments. However, there are several ways to deal with symptoms that may arise. Here are some medical treatments to relieve symptoms of early menopause:

1. Hormone therapy

Hormone therapy or estrogen therapy is the most effective way to control symptoms of early menopause, such as hot flush or burning sensation in the vagina. This hormone therapy is available in various forms including pills, patches, transdermal sprays, gels and creams, and preparations for intravaginal use. The use of this therapy should be the lowest dose, because it can increase the risk of heart attack, stroke, and breast cancer.

2. Family planning pills

Oral contraception is another form of hormone therapy that can be used to treat menopausal symptoms.

3. Antidepressant medication

The selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) can help relieve hot flush symptoms in early menopause.

4. Non-hormonal vaginal gels, creams and lubricants

This lubricant can help prevent vaginal dryness during menopause.

5. Help reproduction technology

Women with early menopause will face infertility problems or find it difficult to have a baby. However, pregnancy can still be managed by other means, namely by donating an egg cell.

Early menopause can increase the risk of osteoporosis in women. This is because low estrogen levels cause low bone density. But this can be offset by consuming calcium and vitamin D intake or supplements, and exercising regularly.

Such are the causes and symptoms of early menopause in women. Although menopause can affect your fertility, you should not immediately despair. Consult your condition to the doctor, so that things that are worrying can be handled quickly, accurately, and do not cause further illness that is more dangerous for your health.



US Department of health and Human Service. Women’s Health (2018). Early or premature menopause.

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Is a health and wellness enthusiast. In him free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.

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