Tuesday, December 10 2019
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5 Things You Need To Know About Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer is a cancer cell growth that occurs in the cervix. The cervix is the part that connects the vagina to the uterus. This disease that attacks women is one of the cancers that account for the highest mortality rate after breast cancer.

Cancer is the most frightening specter for women. This disease is the most deadly, according to WHO data in 2014, there were 90 thousand more cases of female deaths worldwide caused by cancer.

Together with breast and uterine cancer, cervical cancer ranks at the top of a malignant disease that lurks women. Because the initial symptoms are often not detected, many cervical cancer sufferers are late in getting treatment.

Realizing that this disease is very deadly, it's good for women to begin to recognize the disease. Here are five things about cervical cancer that women need to know.




1. The cause of cervical cancer is a virus

Almost all cases of cervical cancer are caused by Human Papillomavirus or HPV. Until now, there were many types of HPV found, but those at risk of causing cervical cancer were HPV types 16 and 18.

2. Cervical cancer is more at risk for those who are sexually active

Indeed, every woman is at risk of developing cervical cancer. However, women who are sexually active tend to be more at risk than those who have not. The virus that causes cervical cancer is transmitted through sexual intercourse and bodily fluids.

3. Stage of cervical cancer similar to other cancers, which consists of 0-4

This stage is used to see how far cancer has spread. The higher the stage, the wider the spread of cancer.

  • Stage 0: precancerous stadium. There are no cancer cells in the cervix, but there are biological changes that have the potential to trigger cancer later on. This stage is called cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) or carcinoma in situ (CIS).
  • Stage 1: the cancer is still inside the cervix and there is no spread.
  • Stage 2: cancer has spread to the outside of the cervix and surrounding tissue, but has not reached the pelvic wall or the lower part of the vagina.
  • Stage 3: cancer has spread to the lower part of the vagina and / or pelvic wall.
  • Stage 4: cancer has spread to the intestine, bladder, or other organs, such as the lungs.

4. Symptoms of cervical cancer are not always obvious

This is what makes the death rate from cervical cancer quite high. Patients are usually not aware of this cancer so they only seek treatment at an advanced stage. Even the symptoms of cervical cancer often do not appear. This is why early detection with an IVA examination or pap smear is very important to do. In the early stages, cervical cancer usually does not cause typical symptoms. The most common symptom is abnormal bleeding.

5. Cervical cancer can be prevented by vaccination

Vaccines to prevent cervical cancer or HPV virus infection should be given to those who have not been sexually active. If someone has been infected with the HPV virus, the vaccine becomes less effective and cannot even work at all. However, those of you who have been sexually active are still encouraged to get this vaccine. Provision of vaccines aims to protect the body from other types of HPV viruses that are very large.

Cervical cancer can be prevented as early as possible by vaccination before actively having sex. In addition, keep a healthy and loyal sex life with your partner. If you have been sexually active, don't forget to do routine screening once a year. Then, if you experience a complaint of abnormal bleeding, immediately consult a doctor to eliminate the possibility of cervical cancer.





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