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5 Uterine disorders affecting pregnancy and its impact

Married couples would want to have a child. But sometimes for some couples, the expected child does not come. This can be caused by a uterine abnormality that turned out to affect the pregnancy of women.

The female womb is shaped like a pear with an average length of 7.5 cm, a width of 5 cm, and a depth of 2.5 cm. However, there are times when the uterus has an inappropriate form.

The female womb is the female reproductive organ located within the pelvic cavity (between the bladder and rectum). The female uterus has three layers, namely the outer layer (perimetrium), the middle layer (myometrium), and the inner layer (endometrium). The uterus is connected to two fallopian tubes on the roof and the vagina at the bottom of the uterus. The lower part of the uterus that enters the vaginal cavity is called the cervix. Women's organs shaped like a pear this will be a refuge and attachment of the fetus until the birth comes.

In fact, there are some women have an abnormal uterine shape. These uterine abnormalities can be in various forms, ranging from uterine only one tubal canal, until the cavity in the uterus is split by the muscle wall (septum). These different forms of uterine abnormalities often make women worry, whether they can conceive and have children or not.

The following are various reasons couples do not have children:

  1. Having sex is not in the fertile period. Women's fertile period is only 1 day in 1 month. So for those of you who want to have children, it is advisable to have sexual relations every other day during the fertile period.
  2. Bad sperm quality. The quality of sperm can be known by examination of sperm analysis, not by seeing the viscosity and the number of sperm out.
  3. The condition of the uterus is not normal. This can cause sperm to find a fertilized egg that is ready to be fertilized during the fertile period. But not all of these uterine deformities make it difficult to have children. There are some who can and there are some who do make things more difficult to have children.

Type of abnormalities in the uterus

Of the various causes above, you also need to know some form of uterine abnormalities that can occur in women.



Agenesis or Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome (MRKH) is very rare. This female uterine abnormality causes the vagina and uterus to not form properly, small to none. One sign of MRKH is not getting menstruation even though the age has reached 16 years. Women with this condition usually can not get pregnant, fortunately, it can be overcome by aid reproduction or surrogacy (child conceived and born by another woman).

Bicornuate the uterus

In this disorder, the woman's uterus is not shaped like a pear, but like a heart shape with a deep indentation at the top. Because of its shape, this abnormality is often also referred to as the uterus with two horns. Bicornuate uterus does not affect fertility, but the risk of miscarriage becomes higher if the woman is pregnant with this condition. So it is with premature birth.

Unicornuate the uterus

This condition occurs when a woman's uterus is only half the size of normal and has a fallopian tube. A disorder called a uterus with a horn is caused by tissue that forms the uterus is not well developed. In uterine unicornuate, the number of ovaries is the same as normal (two), but only one will be connected to the uterus. Women may conceive if living with this condition, but the risk of miscarriage will be greater.

Arcuate uterus

When viewed at a glance, a woman's uterus under these conditions looks normal. The difference is, there is a slight indentation at the top of the uterus. This woman's uterine abnormalities usually do not make pregnancy difficult.

Uterus didelphys

This is a condition in which a woman's uterus has two inner cavities, two cervixes, and two vaginas. Women with multiple uterus are able to conceive and give birth, but are sometimes susceptible to infertility, miscarriage, premature delivery, and kidney abnormalities.

Septate the uterus

This is the condition in which the inside of the woman's uterus is divided by the muscle wall or fibrous connective tissue (septum). The septum may even extend into the uterus (partial septum) or cervix (septum complete). The partial septum is more common than the complete septum. Uterine septate can make the sufferer difficult to conceive and increase the risk of miscarriage.

What to do when having a uterine abnormality

When you find a uterine abnormality, the most important thing is to regularly control your obstetrician. Never think of checking your contents to an incompetent party in a medical action, such as a midwife.

When pregnant under conditions have a uterine abnormality, you will have a very high risk of miscarriage and the baby is born prematurely. Obstetricians will understand when you should use certain drugs to prevent this.

For example, a cure for lung maturation will be given by a doctor at preterm delivery. If the drug is not given, the fetus will also be exposed to respiratory problems that can end in death.

So, when you find there is a uterine abnormality, you need not worry. By undergoing appropriate therapy, women with uterine abnormalities can also still experience moments of pregnancy and childbirth.

In general, abnormalities in a woman's uterus do not affect the ability to conceive and require special care. Come, check your uterus regularly, so if any problems can be handled as early as possible.

Next Read : Know the symptoms of colon cancer and how to treat it

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Is a health and wellness enthusiast. In him free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.

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