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6 Benefits of Music Therapy for Your Health

There are various benefits of music therapy that can be obtained. Besides being able to improve mental health, music therapy is also believed to be able to improve the quality of life of someone who has physical health problems.

Music therapy is carried out by a professional therapist who has a bachelor's degree in music therapy. A music therapist will usually identify and consider the application of music therapy according to the patient's needs. Music therapy can be done in various ways, from listening to music, singing, playing musical instruments, to writing songs.

How does music therapy work?

Music is processed by all areas of the brain, then music accesses and stimulates areas of the brain that may not be accessible to other modalities. The parts of the brain that can be affected by music are:

  • Orbitofrontal Cortex (social behavior)
  • Prefrontal Cortex (explain and resolve problems)
  • Anterior Cingulate Cortex (emotions and motivational based learning)
  • Amygdala (social, emotional, and memory processing)
  • Basal Ganglia (motor control)
  • Hippocampus (learning and spatial memory)
  • Auditory Cortex (hearing)
  • Broca’s Area (speech production)
  • Motor Cortex (voluntary movement)
  • Sensory Cortex (touch and other sensations)
  • Wernicke’s Area (speech understanding)
  • Angular Gyrus (complex language functions)
  • Visual Cortex (vision)
  • Cerebellum (coordination, balance and motor memory)
  • Brainstem (body vital function and sensory input)

Benefits of Music Therapy

Apart from being pleasant and calming, there are various benefits of music therapy for health, including:




1. Helps stabilize premature babies

A study shows that music therapy given to premature babies while in an NICU (neonatal intensive care unit) has an influence on a more stable respiratory rate. Music therapy can help babies sleep more easily, and stabilize their heart rate.

Music used for premature baby music therapy includes:

  • The sound of the sea because it resembles the whirring sound of blood flow in the womb.
  • The gato box (a type of small drum with a soft sound made of wood), because it can resemble the sound of the mother's heartbeat that is usually heard during the womb.
  • The song sung by mom. Music therapy that comes from maternal singing can help the baby's development, including helping premature babies recognize their mother's voice.
  • If you are interested in providing music therapy for children born prematurely, ask about the availability of music therapy at the hospital. Maybe only a few hospitals provide music therapy to help the development of premature babies.

2. Improve the quality of sleep for people with insomnia

The next benefit of music therapy is to overcome insomnia. The trick is to listen to music that you like so that your body can be more relaxed. Research shows that the habit of listening to music before bed can improve the quality of sleep for people with insomnia. You can fall asleep faster and longer so you can get better quality sleep.

Although the effectiveness of music therapy in dealing with insomnia needs to be investigated further, but music therapy is considered safer because it tends not to be risky when compared to taking sleeping pills.

3. Improve the ability to move in dementia patients

In patients with dementia, music therapy can improve the ability of patients to carry out daily activities. The music therapy method that is given will be adjusted to the condition of people with dementia.

Appropriate music therapy can reduce symptoms, improve mood, and reduce anxiety experienced by people with dementia. By undergoing music therapy, the risk of dementia patients with advanced heart disease can also be reduced.

4. Build and develop autism sufferers skills

In patients with autism, music therapy is useful in building skills, reducing anxiety, and developing communication skills in autism sufferers.

Music therapy is done for people with autism, generally in the form of listening to simple songs that match the mood or desires of the patient. The therapist can also invite patients to sing, make sounds, or move according to the beat.

Therapists also usually rely on spontaneous music improvisation. Both using a musical instrument or sound. It is hoped that through this activity autism sufferers can feel comfortable, confident, able to express their emotions more broadly, and be able to communicate with others.

5. Reducing stress and increasing relaxation

Listening to slow music or calm classical music is proven to reduce stress. Lots of studies have shown that the effects of relaxing music can be seen in anyone, including newborns.

The following is how music reduces stress:

  • Physical relaxation. Music can promote tense muscle relaxation, and allow you to release some tension from the days that make you stressed.
  • Reducing negative emotions. Music, especially songs that are optimistic, can divert your mind from what's disturbing your mind, and help to feel more optimistic and positive. The researchers found that music can reduce the amount of cortisol (stress hormone) in the body.

6. Helps to work more productively

  • Fight fatigue

Listening to upbeat music can be a great way to find some extra energy. Music can effectively eliminate tiredness and fatigue caused by monotonous work. Keep in mind that listening to too much pop music and hard rock music can make you more nervous than energy.

  • Music increases productivity

Many people like to listen to music while working. Based on the facts, listening to music will make you do a better job. According to a report in the journal Neuroscience of Behavioral and Physiology, one will recognize visual images, including letters and numbers, faster when classical or rock music accompanies.

Even though there are various benefits of music therapy for health, it does not mean that music therapy can replace medical treatment. So, make sure to keep consulting about your health condition to the doctor, even though you have undergone music therapy with professional staff.





References

References

1. Neurorhythm (2016). Music Therapy Science.

2. Pharm, C. U. Psychology Today (2013). Music Therapy for Health and Wellness.


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Is a health and wellness enthusiast. In him free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.

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