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6 Causes of frequent eye infection

There are various types of eye infections that range from mild to severe, with various causes and treatment. Not all eye infections are life threatening, but some require medical help. Although the cause of eye infections is usually bacteria and viruses, there are various things and conditions that can trigger this to happen.

Eye infections can be characterized by red eyes, pain, wateriness and sensitivity to light. In addition, other symptoms that are often complained like feeling something is blocking the eye or vision becomes blurred.

What are the features and signs of having an eye infection?

Many people with eye infections feel pain, itching, or a sensation of foreign objects in the eye. The eyes can even tear and discharge yellow, green, or even bloody fluids. People sometimes experience sensitivity to light or blurred vision.

If you do not experience pain or other severe symptoms, you will usually be advised to treat it yourself. If you experience changes in vision, seek medical attention immediately.




A serious complication of eye infections is damage to the retina and formation of scars on the cornea that can affect vision. Some infections such as syphilis can also cause glaucoma. Furthermore, eye problems without obvious symptoms can be ignored. For example, chlamydia often does not cause initial symptoms, but if left untreated it can cause infertility and heart disease.

What can be the cause of eye infections?

Irritation and injury

This is a common cause of eye infections. For example, being exposed to even a small amount of chemicals can irritate the eyes, making them more sensitive to infections, especially in people who use contact lenses. Some types of eye infections can develop and damage the eyes very quickly.

Chlamydia and gonorrhea

Although both are common infectious diseases, chlamydia and gonorrhea can also cause conjunctivitis in adults. A person can get an infection through genital fluid directly, such as semen, or when he scratches his eyes after touching the infected genital area. Babies with infected mothers are at very high risk for eye infections when they are born.

Herpes simplex

This common skin disease can infect the eyes in the same way as chlamydia or gonorrhea. Herpes can cause corneal indentation and ulceration, which can destroy retinal tissue and damage to vision.

Shingles

Shingles is a virus commonly known as the cause of chickenpox, but can also cause eye infections if you touch the eyes after touching an open wound. Shingles affects the eye's nerves and can cause swelling, pain, and ocular discharge. Shingles is the most common cause of eye infections in people over the age of 50 because this disease is more common in older people.

Bacterial and fungal keratitis

This is a corneal infection caused by common bacteria or fungi that usually live on the skin and in the mouth and nose. These bacteria cannot penetrate the outer layer of the eye in healthy people. However, in people who use contact lenses or have a weak immune system, bacteria are made easy to enter the cornea, the clear layer on the front of the eye.

Conjunctivitis

Conjunctivitis or red eye is an inflammation that occurs in the clear membrane lining the outside of the eyeball called the conjunctiva. This eye inflammation is not serious, but causes discomfort. The causes of conjunctivitis vary. Conjunctivitis caused by a bacterial infection will make the eyes become reddish and sore, feels stuck, there is sticky dirt on the eyelashes to the eyelids like sticking. Generally it will improve after 5 days.

Meanwhile, conjunctivitis caused by a viral infection is characterized by red and runny eyes, swollen eyelids and conjunctiva, and feels congested. This conjunctivitis can develop into keratitis (inflammation of the cornea), so that vision becomes blurred.

Whereas conjunctivitis caused by microorganisms such as chlamydia, is characterized by red eyes and feels sticky, and the eyelids swell. To overcome conjunctivitis due to infection, the doctor will give the drug according to the cause of the infection.

In conjunctivitis caused by allergies, in addition to red eyes, the eyes will also feel very itchy. Your doctor may give antihistamine drops to treat and prevent allergic conjunctivitis.

Eye infections can cause discomfort in the eyes, can even cause blurred vision, and other more severe disorders if not handled properly. It is important to maintain the cleanliness of the eyes and body health in general in order to avoid various kinds of eye infections. If an eye infection occurs and does not heal immediately, avoid using any eye drops. Consult your doctor first to get the right treatment.





References

References

Lusby, F. Medline Plus (2016). National Institutes of Health, U.S. National Library of Medicine. Dacryoadenitis.

Net Doctor UK (2016). Conjunctivitis (Inflammation of the Eye).


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Is a health and wellness enthusiast. In him free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.

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