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6 Types anemia associated with genetics

Genetic abnormalities are abnormalities in the body caused by gene disorders due to damage or changes. Genes themselves are developmental and growth instructions in the human body. This disorder occurs not due to external factors such as the environment like pollution, eating patterns or something else but because of internal factors, namely offspring. Different from other types of diseases that are affected by viruses that come from outside, genetic disorders come from within the human body itself and can be different for each individual depending on the genetic disorder that occurs.

Many think that anemia is caused by external factors such as poor nutrition, but in reality some types of anemia are caused by genetic disorders.

Genes are located inside each cell. Every human being gets genes from his parents and sometimes gene variations or abnormalities in parents can be reduced as well. Some genetic variations can cause errors and decrease in red blood cell production.

This causes red blood cells to not last long in blood vessels, is not effective in carrying oxygen from the lungs to the body's tissues, or cannot be made at all.

Here are some types of anemia associated with genetic disorders.

Fanconi anemia

This anemia occurs due to a genetic disorder that causes the spinal cord to produce new red blood cells, white blood cells, and blood platelets. In addition to having symptoms of anemia in general, people who experience fanconi anemia are susceptible to infection because the body cannot produce enough white blood cells. White blood cells play a role in fighting germs. Patients with fanconi anemia are also often born with several other genetic defects and are prone to cancer, including acute myelogenous leukemia.

Sickle Cell Anemia

In patients with sickle cell anemia, there is a gene that causes abnormal hemoglobin, so that red blood cells are produced in the form of sickle cells or "C". These abnormally shaped cells cannot move in the blood vessel circulation properly and only last for 10-20 days. Healthy red blood cells are around 120 days old.


Thalassemia occurs when the body cannot produce enough hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is found in red blood cells and acts to carry oxygen from the lungs to all body tissues. This condition is caused by abnormalities in the gene. People who suffer from mild thalassemia often only show the same symptoms as most anemia such as fatigue, but in moderate or severe thalassemia can be accompanied by enlarged spleen, bone disorders, growth disorders, and the body looks yellow.

Congenital spherocytosis

This disease is characterized by abnormal red blood cells called spherocytes, which are thin and brittle cells. This cell cannot change shape like a red blood cell when it goes to the tissue, so that the cell lasts longer in the spleen, which is actually a place of destruction. The destruction of red blood cells causes anemia.

Congenital Pernicious Anemia

Is a type of anemia that is rare and is caused by a person's disorder from birth, which does not have the ability to produce intrinsic factors (proteins in the stomach that help absorption of vitamin B12). Vitamin B12 plays a role in making red blood cells, without which the body does not have a sufficient number of new red blood cells. Vitamin B12 deficiency can cause complications such as nerve damage, memory loss, and liver inflammation.

G6PD deficiency

This condition is caused because the body cannot produce glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) in sufficient quantities. G6PD enzyme is an enzyme that is important for maintaining red blood cells from destruction due to various chemicals and drugs.

Although anemia sufferers caused by chronic diseases or nutritional disorders can be handled and cured, people born with anemia due to genetic disorders. requires long-term handling. The handling also depends on the type of anemia faced.

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Is a health and wellness enthusiast. In him free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.

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