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7 Facts about chickenpox that You must know

Hearing chicken pox, of course that comes to your mind is the appearance of freckles (vesicles) filled with clear liquid that "decorate" the entire skin on the body. Water pox sufferers often become unconfident because of the skin lesions. 

Once in a lifetime, most humans must have experienced chickenpox. The cause of this disease is varicella-zoster virus. Although often occurs in children but chickenpox can also occur in adults. Chickenpox is characterized by fever and flu that will form red spots that appear on the surface of the skin, and then spread through the bloodstream, then form a larger spots. Although there are many ways to treat chickenpox, there is still a lot of misconception about chicken pox and its treatment. 

Although it is likely to only attack once, in some cases there are also people who will have chicken pox several times in his life. Although chicken pox is mostly harmless, it is important to know some of the facts as will be described below.

1. Chicken pox is highly contagious 

Chickenpox is caused by a Varicella zoster virus infection and can be easily transmitted through air contact when a person coughs or sneezes. Direct contact with open wounds can also transmit the virus to other people.

2. The number of chickenpox skin lesions may vary by individual 

The main symptoms of chicken pox that can be seen is the emergence of skin lesions in the form of vesicles on the skin. Usually vesicles first appeared on the skin of the face, scalp, then spread throughout the body. Someone who has already got chickenpox vaccine will usually experience mild symptoms, that is only a few lesions in the skin. However, in people who have never received a vaccine followed by a low immune system, skin lesions may amount to hundreds.

3. Chicken pox can cause bacterial infection

Chicken pox is a viral infection that can actually disappear by itself. However, often in children because of the itching they tend to scratch the lesion causing bacterial infections, which usually require additional antibiotics. Therefore, it is important for parents to educate children not to scratch the chickenpox lesions. One way that can be done is to cut the child's short nails.

4. Chickenpox can also be experienced by adults 

Although chickenpox is more commonly experienced by children under the age of 10, but adults who have never had chicken pox and are in direct contact with the patient can also be at risk of infection. In addition, adults who have never received chickenpox vaccine, have not had chicken pox before, and have a low immune system will also be easily infected.

5. Chicken pox is only experienced once in a lifetime

In most cases, if you have been exposed to chickenpox then you will not get chickenpox recurring because it has formed a lifelong immune system. However, according to the journal Pediatrics and Child Health, although rarely encountered, chickenpox can occur repeatedly. Once the chicken pox has healed, the virus will "dwell" (dormant) in the neural network. When a person's body resistance is low, then the virus can be active again and there was herpes zoster infection.

6. Affected chicken pox during pregnancy can be a risk to the fetus 

Although the risk of chicken pox during pregnancy is low, but if you experience it (especially if you have never had chicken pox or have never received chicken pox vaccine) it can have an impact on the health of babies conceived. If you are exposed to chicken pox at 8-20 weeks of gestation, infants in the womb may be at risk for congenital varicella syndrome characterized by congenital defects in the arms, legs, eyes, and brain.

7. Chickenpox can cause serious complications 

Although chicken pox is mostly harmless and can be perfectly restored, but in some people chicken pox can be dangerous and cause serious complications. This condition can be experienced by infants, adults, people who have lung infections, or people who have low immunity. Complications that can occur include: Reye syndrome, pneumonia, encephalitis or (inflammation of the brain), cerebellar ataxia (involuntary motion due to damage to the cerebellum of the brain, bone marrow, or peripheral nerves), transverse mielitis (inflammation of the spine that attacks layer of myelin, the membrane that covers the nerve cells), even death.


Chickenpox is considered common and most harmless. However, knowing the seven facts above can help you understand things about chickenpox in more depth. Hopefully, you can be more responsive in prevention and handling. One important thing, do not underestimate chickenpox if it occurs in infants. Immediately bring your child to the doctor to be thoroughly and thoroughly handled.

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Is a health and wellness enthusiast. In him free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.

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