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7 Things that trigger caries in teeth

There are many problems that can affect the teeth, one of which is caries. Caries in the teeth can affect anyone, both in children, adults and the elderly.

The occurrence of dental caries

Caries in teeth is damage to the tooth structure caused by bacteria. Streptococcus mutans and lactobacillus are the bacteria that cause this complaint.

The earliest sign of caries is the appearance of areas in the teeth that appear calcareous on the surface. This indicates that the tooth has demineralized or reduced mineral content in the teeth. This area can become brown and form a hole.

The process of dental caries is caused by acid produced by food and drinks and then reacts to bacteria on the surface of the tooth. The acid causes calcium loss from tooth enamel.

In the early stages, someone who has caries will not feel pain in his teeth, so that sometimes this condition is ignored. In fact, if this is not treated immediately, it can cause cavities.

What are the signs and symptoms of dental caries?

The characteristics and symptoms of dental caries are:

  • Tooth ache
  • Sensitive teeth
  • Mild to sharp pain when eating sweet, hot, or cold foods
  • The hole seen on the tooth
  • Brown, black or white stains on the surface of the tooth
  • Pain when you bite food.


There may be signs and symptoms not mentioned above. If you have concerns about a particular symptom, consult your doctor.

Causes of dental caries

Perforated teeth should not be left for a long time without treatment, because damage can get worse and the thing that is most worrying is damage that cannot be treated again with treatment, so the teeth must be removed

In order to avoid this, it helps you keep away from the factors that trigger dental caries, namely:

1. Rarely brush your teeth

Poor dental care can increase the occurrence of caries. So, brush your teeth 2 times a day, which is morning after breakfast and night before going to bed. Brush your teeth for 2-3 minutes so that the entire tooth surface is clean.

2. Choosing a toothbrush that is not right

Choosing the right toothbrush is one of the important things to avoid dental caries. Use a soft bristled toothbrush with the tip of the head to shrink so that the entire surface of your teeth can be reached.

3. Improper tooth brushing techniques

One of the ways to brush your teeth can cause food debris to remain on the surface of your teeth. Perform the technique of brushing your teeth with the bass method, which is directing the toothbrush bristles 45 degrees towards the surface of the tooth.

4. Too often consume sweet foods

Often eating foods that contain high sugar can cause cavities. In fact, the condition of your teeth can get worse if after eating something sweet the teeth are not cleaned immediately.

5. Teeth overlap

Overlapping crowded teeth can increase caries due to food debris trapped between the teeth. Perform cleansing between the teeth by using dental floss after meals to reduce the risk of dental caries. With the use of dental floss, you can clean up between the teeth, so that you avoid the buildup of food that causes caries.

6. Dry mouth (xerostomia)

Saliva is a mouth defense system because it serves to cleanse food and bacteria residues from teeth. In addition, saliva is able to fight acid production from food residues that accumulate in the teeth. The less amount of saliva, your mouth will feel dry and the teeth are more susceptible to caries.

7. Fluoride deficiency

Fluorine is a natural substance that contains minerals. This substance can help prevent the occurrence of holes and can repair tooth decay at an early stage. Use toothpaste that contains fluoride so that the holes in the teeth can be prevented.

How is dental caries diagnosed?

To diagnose dental caries, the dentist will:

  • Ask a few questions about medical history, the severity of pain.
  • Use a pointed tool and a small glass to check the teeth.
  • Look at the x-ray of the tooth, which can indicate the severity of the hole and tooth decay.

What are the treatments for dental caries?

Treatment for dental caries depends on how severe certain conditions and situations, such as:

  • Fluorine treatment. This treatment is used at an early stage, which can help restore tooth enamel.
  • Patching is the main choice if damage has developed and has passed the stage of enamel erosion.
  • If you have severe damage or a vulnerable tooth, you may need a crown.
  • Root canal. If damage has reached the inside of the tooth (pulp), you will need a root canal.
  • Tooth extraction. Your teeth must be removed because the condition is already very severe.


Caring for your teeth and gums is an important thing to do to minimize dental disease. Do it regularly and precisely to help you avoid the buildup of bacteria that occurs in the mouth, as one of the causes of caries in the teeth.

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Is a health and wellness enthusiast. In him free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.

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