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7 Types of Women Who Are Vulnerable to Experiencing Miscarriage

There are various things that can make a woman susceptible to miscarriage, starting from the age of the pregnancy, daily life patterns, to diseases that have been or are being suffered. Although it is not something that is expected to happen, miscarriages should be watched out.

Miscarriage generally occurs before gestational age reaches 20 weeks. This condition can be characterized by bleeding from the vagina during pregnancy, accompanied by pain in the lower abdomen. If you experience this complaint, you should immediately consult a gynecologist.

Characteristics of Women Vulnerable to Miscarriage

Most cases of miscarriages just happen for no particular reason. In fact, 1 in 8 women can experience a miscarriage, even before he realized he was pregnant. However, there is a strong assumption that chromosome disorders are the main cause of miscarriages.

Regardless of these allegations, a number of conditions were also considered to make a woman more at risk of miscarriage. These conditions include:

1. Pregnant at the age of 35 years

Women who become pregnant when they are over 35 years old are more at risk of miscarriage than younger pregnant women. At that age, the risk of containing a baby with chromosomal or genetic abnormalities that can trigger a miscarriage will increase.

2. Have had a miscarriage

Some women can experience recurrent miscarriages, which are miscarriages that occur 3 times in a row. Some medical conditions, such as genetic disorders or disorders of the reproductive organs, can be the trigger.

Therefore, if you have had a miscarriage before, you need to see a gynecologist before starting the program again.

3. Smoking and frequently consuming alcoholic beverages

Cigarettes contain thousands of poisons, such as carbon monoxide and nicotine. If this substance is sucked into the blood vessels of a pregnant woman, the fetus in the womb will be exposed to toxins. This can cause the fetus to experience a variety of health problems, including miscarriages.

Similarly, pregnant women who often consume alcoholic beverages. The reason is similar to cigarettes, alcohol can enter the blood of pregnant women and flow to the fetus, even though the organs of the fetus have not been able to process this substance. Therefore, pregnant women are encouraged to stop smoking and not consume alcoholic beverages.

Read Also : The Dangers of Smoking to the Body

4. Obesity

Women who get pregnant in obese conditions can experience a number of health problems, including miscarriages. This is more likely to occur if pregnant women also have other health problems, such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and preeclampsia.

In order to keep your pregnancy healthy, obese pregnant women are encouraged to control their weight gain according to the doctor's recommendations.

5. Eating caffeine excessively

Eating excessive caffeine while pregnant is considered to increase the risk of miscarriage. This is because these habits can cause an increase in blood pressure and heart rate, and trigger dehydration.

In addition, caffeine consumed in excess by pregnant women can also seep into the placenta. This condition will force the fetus to digest caffeine when its metabolism has not fully developed.

So if you are pregnant, limit the consumption of caffeinated drinks, such as coffee, tea, chocolate, soft drinks or energy drinks. The dose of consuming caffeine during pregnancy is 200 mg per day or the equivalent of 2 cups of coffee.

6. Get pregnant too soon after a miscarriage

A new woman is recommended to get pregnant again around 2-3 months after a miscarriage. Some doctors may even suggest delaying pregnancy around 6 months to 1 year after a miscarriage, to make sure your condition is completely ready.

This is because if you are pregnant when your condition is not ready, both physically and mentally, the risk for another miscarriage will be greater.

7. Experiencing chronic disease

Pregnant women who suffer from chronic diseases or diseases that occur in the long term are more at risk of miscarriage, especially in pregnancy in the second trimester.

Examples of chronic diseases suffered during pregnancy and can increase the risk of miscarriage are diabetes, high blood pressure, kidney disease, and lupus.

If you are one of the 7 types of women who are prone to miscarriages as described above, don't be sad. Immediately consult your condition to the obstetrician and make recommended changes or treatments to get a healthy pregnancy.

Read Also : Hemoglobin Enhancing Foods for Pregnant Women



1. American Pregnancy Association (2018). Caffeine Intake During Pregnancy.

2. Baby Center. Miscarriage: Signs, Causes, and Treatment.

3. Danielsson, K. Very Well Family (2019). Does Obesity Cause Miscarriage?

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