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8 Important Tips for People with Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a bone disease characterized by a decrease in bone density as a whole. In the later stages, this condition can cause fractures. The presence of fractures due to osteoporosis can certainly cause long-term pain and decrease the function and quality of life of someone.

How does osteoporosis occur?

The bones in your body undergo a process of regeneration that takes place continuously. Namely, the bone undergoes destruction and reshaping which takes place simultaneously. On the other hand, the bones in the human body have empty cavities in them.

If the destruction process takes place faster than the reshaping process, the cavity can become larger. As a result, bones are weaker and vulnerable to fractures. This is called osteoporosis, or bone loss.

There are many factors associated with bone loss. Just mention age, consumption of certain drugs, inflammatory diseases, and hormonal changes such as menopause.

Read Also : List of high calcium foods

Important tips for people with osteoporosis

There are some important tips applied by individuals with osteoporosis. These tips are:

1. Take osteoporosis medication

After your doctor diagnoses a bone condition, you are usually required to take bisphosphonate drugs, for example, alendronate. Bisphosphonates are drugs that function to increase and maintain bone density. This drug is expected to reduce the risk of cracking or erosion of bones in your body. Bisphosphonates are usually given in the form of tablets or injections.

2. Add calcium-rich foods to your diet

Calcium can strengthen bones. This mineral is very important for individuals with osteoporosis. You can get an intake of calcium including dairy products such as yogurt and cheese, beans, green vegetables, and seafood such as sardines, salmon and shrimp.

However, some people who have difficulty getting calcium from food intake can get it from calcium supplements. Of course, this is according to the recommendations of your doctor.

3. Do physical activity regularly

In addition to preparing a good diet, exercise is also one of the important things in the management of osteoporosis. The more inactive someone is, the higher the risk of experiencing bone loss. Some examples of exercise that can benefit individuals with osteoporosis are brisk walking and cycling.

4. Avoid smoking and limit alcohol consumption

Smoking is one of the risk factors for osteoporosis and fractures. Existing research has shown a direct link between tobacco use and weak bones. This can have a negative impact on the healing process after fractures.

In addition, excessive alcohol consumption can also have a negative impact on bone health. Alcohol decreases the body's ability to store calcium and increases the risk of falling.

5. Consult with a doctor regularly

For individuals who have osteoporosis, consulting a doctor regularly is important. With this, you can monitor bone density, find out about complaints, and various other things. This can support the control of signs and symptoms of osteoporosis, prevent fractures, and slow the progression of the condition.

Read Also : The best six calcium source for vegans

6. Maintain digestive health

In addition to the condition of the bones that must be maintained properly, your digestive health condition must also be considered. When you have osteoporosis and your digestive system does not function optimally, the osteoporosis medication you consume (including additional vitamins and calcium) will not be absorbed properly. As a result, the condition of your bone loss can worsen.

Therefore, when you have osteoporosis, not only bone health must be maintained, but digestive health must also be maintained properly.

7. Avoid steroid drugs

The National Osteoporosis Foundation says that even if you are taking osteoporosis drugs, you should avoid steroid drugs. Steroid drugs such as hydrocortisone or dexamethasone can eliminate calcium in the bones and teeth. Therefore, when you often or take steroid drugs, this can worsen the condition of osteoporosis that you have.

8. Follow the recommendations recommended by the doctor

Make sure that you have an open and trusting relationship with your doctor. In addition to prescribing drugs to deal with complaints, the doctor will also give advice regarding the types of food that are good for consumption and physical activity that can be done.

Doctors can also suggest other lifestyle changes, such as quitting smoking and limiting alcohol intake. By following the doctor's advice, it is expected that your complaints can be controlled and the progression of the disease can be slowed.

Osteoporosis is a condition in which bone density decreases, which can make a person more susceptible to fractures. With the important tips above, the complaints experienced can be controlled properly. In addition, the progression of osteoporosis can also be slowed.

Read Also : Osteoporosis: Symptoms, Causes, Treatments and Prevention

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