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9 Months Pregnancy: Your Baby Is Born into the World

In 9 months pregnant, your fetus has the size of a small watermelon, its lungs have developed perfectly. Your baby is ready to be born at this gestational age. However, only about 5 percent of babies are born exactly on the estimated date. Then you should remain calm if the baby does not go to birth or is born sooner than the estimated date.

During 9 months of pregnancy, the baby's development has been perfect. You need to prepare yourself and be on standby so you can go to the hospital immediately to give birth if the contractions feel stronger and more regular.

How is Fetus Growth?

At 37 weeks, your baby's weight is about 2.8 kilograms with a length of 48 cm. Labor during the 9 months of pregnancy is considered to have been enough months because the baby's development has been perfect.

Here is the development of the Little One in your stomach, namely:




37 weeks pregnant

  • If this is your first pregnancy, at this age, the baby's head is in the pelvic cavity and supported by the pelvic bone. But if this is the second pregnancy and so on, then the possibility of a baby's head has not come down until it's time to give birth.
  • Most baby heads at this age are full of hair about 2.5 cm long. But there are also those who don't have the slightest hair.
  • Most lanugo or fine hair that covers the baby has been lost, swallowed and stored by the baby in his intestine. Later this material will be released through its first impurities called meconium.

38 weeks pregnant

  • Your baby's weight will continue to increase to regulate his body temperature after birth later.
  • All the organs of his body are perfect and where they should be.

Pregnant week 39

  • Your baby can be born at any time this week with an estimated bodyweight of around 3.3 kg with a body length of about 50 cm.
  • The vernix caseosa layer that protects the baby's skin has decayed so that it makes the amniotic fluid clear and cloudy.
  • The outer skin layer peels, when forming new skin in the lower layer.
  • Her lungs produce more surfactant, the substance that makes her tiny air sac open and ready to take her first breath when she is born.

40 weeks pregnant

  • This week, most fetuses have been born. But if not, it doesn't matter as long as there is no disruption in your womb.
  • Your fetus has mastered all the abilities he needs to survive outside the mother's womb. He often sucks on his thumb, just as later he will look for the mother's nipple to suckle.

Read Also : 8 Months Pregnant: Prepare Yourself for Labor

What are the changes that occur in your body?

In this last trimester, your weight may only increase slightly. Amniotic fluid will decrease since the 37th week of pregnancy. Fake contractions may also be felt more often. The body will prepare labor with the cervix which begins to stretch by releasing mucus. During pregnancy, this mucus covers the birth canal to prevent bacteria from entering. The discharge of mucus is a sign that labor will occur in the near future.

37th week is the last period of your pregnancy gymnastics and the last week of labor preparation. Don't forget to prepare all your labor needs. When returning from the hospital, make sure your house is ready to welcome the baby's presence.

What do you need to check?

Normally, in the duration of two hours, you will feel a minimum of two baby movements. If you don't feel the movement in two hours, wait for a while. When there is still no movement felt, immediately consult a doctor.

In general, women will give birth at a gestational age between 38-42 weeks. But at 41 weeks of pregnancy, the doctor will usually decide whether other actions need to be done or still waiting.

Swollen limbs are a common condition during pregnancy. But if you feel excessive swelling of the hands, face, or legs, you should be vigilant and see a doctor. This can be a sign of the condition of pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) or preeclampsia.

In addition, other conditions that need to be watched out for are gestational diabetes, anemia, and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) or obstructed fetal growth. All of this can be monitored by checking with a gynecologist regularly during pregnancy.

What do you need to pay attention to?

At 39 weeks' gestation, you might feel anxious about waiting for a baby to be born soon. You and your partner may also have heard a lot of advice and preparation for labor. The thing that is needed is to remain calm and think positively. Communicate everything to friends, spouse, and family.

Before you go through the process of labor, you should recognize three stages.

  • The first stage: begins when the cervix has opened to a size of 10 cm with a sign of contraction every 5 minutes. At this stage, you should immediately go to the hospital.
  • The second stage: the cervix has opened 10 cm until your baby is born.
  • The third stage: the placenta is released from the birth canal. This stage can take 5 to 30 minutes.

In labor, when you push, the baby's head will be seen on the birth canal, called crowning. At this time, you will feel pain and a sensation like being stung in the vaginal area, because the vaginal opening is stretched and wide open. In this position, stop pushing! Continuously straining can make the vaginal opening tear so it requires an episiotomy.

This pain will only last for a few seconds which will then be followed by numbness. This is because stretching the vaginal lining makes the nerves become blocked and becomes a natural pain reliever.

Even though everything has been anticipated, you still need to be prepared for some conditions that can occur during labor, including:

  • Induction: an action taken so that the labor process begins. Usually, induction is given under certain conditions, such as babies who have health problems or if the membranes have ruptured first.
  • Labor with the bottom of the baby's bottom (breech birth): labor with a high degree of difficulty where the baby's bottom comes out first.
  • Cesarean section: an operation to remove your baby with an incision in the lower abdomen.

There are so many questions to ask during 9 months of pregnancy, one of which is, "When do I have to go to a maternity hospital?" This is the most common question that comes to mind in older mothers, especially if this is the first pregnancy. Here are some things that can be a benchmark for mothers.

  • If the membranes have broken, you should immediately go to the hospital.
  • If this is your first pregnancy and you have contracted, but it's not too strong and the membranes haven't broken, you might be able to wait.
  • Immediately go to the hospital if the contractions are strong, last for 45 seconds to 1 minute, and occur at least every five minutes.

If your home is located some distance from the hospital, then you should leave when the contractions begin. Likewise, if the fetus is conceived is the second child who generally processes faster than the first child. If labor is carried out at home, immediately contact a doctor or midwife who will assist the labor process if the contractions have felt strong.

Generally, babies will be born at around 40 weeks' gestation. If at the age of 41 weeks the baby is not yet born, then the doctor may perform an examination and stimulation of the cervix to produce hormones that can trigger normal labor. If the baby is not born at 42 weeks' gestation, the doctor will recommend an induction or Caesarean section because the risk of the baby dying in the womb has increased.

9 months of pregnancy is a time when you and your partner must be alert for the birth of a baby. Regardless of the process of your pregnancy and whatever path the baby takes to be born into the world, one of the most important things is the health and safety of the mother and baby as well as the aftermath of caring for and raising a child.





References

References

1. NHS Choices UK (2017). You and your baby at 37-40 weeks pregnant.

2. American Pregnancy Association (2017). Pregnancy Week 34 - 40.

3. Baby Centre (2017). Fetal ultrasound - 9 months.


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Is a health and wellness enthusiast. In him free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.

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