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9 Things You Often Think About Autism

When there is someone with "strange" behavior and is out of the ordinary, some people then label him with autism. Even though the symptoms look similar, not all are caused by the condition of autism.

Autism is part of a child's developmental disorder. Autism or autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a disorder of the development of brain function that covers various fields, from social, emotional, and communication.

Based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder Fifth Edition (DSM-5), children with autism disorders will experience two main symptoms, namely:

Disruption of interaction and social communication which includes various aspects, ranging from verbal communication, non-verbal communication, and the ability to maintain interaction with others.




There is limited and repetitive behavior, such as repetitive movements of certain hands or feet or speaking one sentence repeatedly.

Although different, some of the conditions below are often considered the same as autism. Reporting from Reader's Digest, here are some conditions.

1. Bipolar

Bipolar disorder is a type of psychiatric disorder that is characterized by changes or extreme mood disorders, including changes in the energy and function of a person. People with bipolar disorder suffer from extreme and intense emotional states called mood episodes. This mood can be lethargic or depressed.

During a depressive episode, someone with bipolar disorder will withdraw socially, be easily disturbed, and act unexpectedly. These are all typical features of autism. The difference is that depressive episodes come and go for people with bipolar disorder. People with bipolar disorder can be treated through a combination of speech therapy and treatment.

Read Also : 10 Invisible signs of bipolar patients

2. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

PTSD or post-traumatic stress disorder can involve behavior that resembles some of the symptoms of autism. These include nightmares, emotional outbursts, and feelings of detachment or isolation. However, according to the American Psychological Association (APA), unlike autism, PTSD is usually the result of traumatic incidents, such as natural disasters, war, or life-threatening events. Not only that, PTSD can also be experienced by someone who witnessed a terrible event experienced by the person closest to him.

3. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is better known as hyperactivity. Symptoms of autism and ADHD may overlap, such as difficulty focusing, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. Children with ADHD will resist order and repetition. Meanwhile, children with autism may be reluctant to talk or engage with others, except related to topics that interest them. Unlike children with autism, children with ADHD will talk impulsively, often, and bother others.

4. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)

People with OCD have difficulty maintaining a focus on their own obsession. This is a phenomenon that is also shared by those who suffer from autism. The main difference between them is that people with OCD often feel uncomfortable, disturbed, or tortured by their own encouragement. Meanwhile, people with autism don't. Unlike autism, OCD can attack at any age and women experience this disorder more often. This disorder can be managed with speech therapy and medication.

5. Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is a disorder that interferes with the way people think and behave. Most schizophrenics suffer from delusions and / or hallucinations. This is similar to autism because both conditions involve cognitive and sensory processing problems. In addition, both of these can cause social withdrawal and lack of emotional sensitivity. However, schizophrenia is more likely to be diagnosed in adulthood. On the other hand, autism does not experience delusions and hallucinations.

6. Anxiety

According to APA, anxiety disorders involve persistent and excessive worries that interfere with daily activities. This ongoing anxiety and tension can be accompanied by physical symptoms. For example, anxiety, or easy fatigue, difficulty concentrating, muscle tension, and sleep disorders.

The difference with autism, anxiety disorder is a very common thing for someone. In addition, unlike autism, anxiety disorders are more likely to occur in women than men.

7. Learning disorders

According to APA, basically this is a disorder that affects the problems of reading, writing, and counting. Although children with autism also need struggles related to learning, they are able to focus and have an intense understanding of topics of interest.

8. Sociopathy

Sociopathy is also known as antisocial personality disorder. According to APA, this is a disruption to the pattern of neglect or violation of the rights of others. People who experience this disorder will act impulsively and ignore social norms. This may sound similar to autism, but the main difference is that people with sociopathy use every means to fulfill their own goals.

In other words, the behavior of people with sociopathy is in their own interests. Meanwhile, people with autism have no ulterior motives.

9. Tourette's syndrome

According to the Tourette Association of America, these disorders can include such as a continuous pattern of blinking, shrugging, mimicking the sound of a sound, or saying a certain phrase lazily. Lack of control over movements and vocalizations also appears in autism.

However, according to the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, the biggest difference compared to autism, toutette disorders can decrease or disappear with age.

Those are some of the conditions that people often think of as the behavior of people with autism. In fact, not all symptoms are not common in a person's behavior is autism. The main thing to make sure is to consult with a doctor or psychologist.





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