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Anticipating Uterine Infection as a Cause of Infertility

Uterine infection characterized by inflammation of the lining of the uterine wall, medically called endometritis. Although generally not endangering lives, this uterine infection must be treated immediately so that it does not develop into a more serious and fatal condition.

Uterine infections can cause infertility, if not treated immediately. Therefore, women need to know what can cause infection of the uterus and recognize the symptoms, so they can identify this condition early.

What is infertility?

Before getting to know about infertility, it's good to know what pregnancy is. Pregnancy begins with the release of healthy eggs from the ovary which moves towards the ovary canal tube (fallopian tube). Then, the egg is fertilized by sperm during intercourse. The fertilized egg grows and develops in the womb.

Infertility means infertility experienced by women in their reproductive system. This condition means that sexual relations by a married couple fail so that there is no pregnancy for the wife. Based on the type, infertility is divided into 2, namely:




  • Primary infertility: married couples cannot have children after one year of sexual intercourse as much as 2-3 times a week without using contraception.
  • Secondary infertility: a married couple has had a previous child, but cannot have another offspring after doing 2-3 times a week having sex without using contraception.

Read Also : Know 7 factors that affect female fertility

Causes of Uterine Infection

In general, uterine infections are caused by bacteria, including sexually transmitted infections such as gonorrhea and chlamydia, as well as excessive vaginal growth of normal bacteria (bacterial vaginosis). Uterine infection is more common after labor or miscarriage.

In addition, there are also several factors that can increase the risk of uterine infections in women, including:

  • Suffering from diabetes or other diseases that interfere with endurance.
  • Poor personal hygiene.
  • Having risky sexual behavior (changing partners and not using condoms).
  • There is residual placental tissue in the uterus, after a miscarriage or labor.
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease.

The risk of uterine infection will also be higher in women who undergo medical procedures on the pelvis, which is done through the cervix. Some examples of these procedures are uterine biopsy, curettage, hysteroscopy, placement of contraceptives in the uterus or intrauterine device (IUD).

Recognize Symptoms of Uterine Infection

There are several main symptoms of uterine infection that you should know about, including:

  • Limp body
  • Fever
  • Swelling of the stomach
  • Pain in the pelvis or lower abdomen
  • Abnormal discharge or bleeding from the vagina
  • Constipation
  • If you experience these symptoms, immediately consult a doctor. Especially if you have just given birth, miscarriage, excessive bleeding after an abortion, or undergo an IUD installation

Complications that may occur if the uterine infection is not treated is a disorder of the reproductive organs that can affect fertility, as well as the spread of infection to other parts of the body through the bloodstream.

The treatment given by the doctor will be adjusted to the cause of the infection and the disorders that occur, among others in the form of antibiotic drugs, anti-inflammatory or painkillers. In more severe conditions, the doctor may also suggest people with uterine infections to be hospitalized.

Safe sexual intercourse by using condoms and regular check-ups to doctors to detect the presence of sexually transmitted diseases is a way that can be done to prevent uterine infections that can result in infertility. If you experience a complaint that resembles a symptom of uterine infection, do not hesitate to consult further with the obstetrician.





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Is a health and wellness enthusiast. In him free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.

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