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Be careful, It causes diabetes mellitus at younger age

The most common form of diabetes, caused by a deficiency of the pancreatic hormone insulin, which results in a failure to metabolize sugars and starch. Sugars accumulate in the blood and urine, and the byproducts of alternative fat metabolism disturb the acid–base balance of the blood, causing a risk of convulsions and coma.

Currently, diabetes mellitus can indeed attack all ages. Then how diabetes mellitus can attack young age group.

What Type of Diabetes Do I Have?

There are 3 types of diabetes, namely type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes.

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes or known as adolescent diabetes is an autoimmune disorder in which the body's immune system attacks and destroys cells that produce insulin, so the pancreas can not produce the hormone. This will cause insulin deficiency and increase blood glucose levels.

This type is also sometimes known as diabetes 'adolescence' because it generally affects patients under the age of 40 years, especially in adolescence. Usually the development of symptoms of this disease is faster at a younger age, especially in childhood or adolescence.

The exact cause of type 1 diabetes is unclear. Experts suspect that the cause of type 1 diabetes may result from a combination of genetic susceptibility and environmental factors.

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes, reaching 90-95% of all cases of diabetes. Unlike type 1 diabetes, people with type 2 diabetes continue to produce insulin. Type 2 diabetes is more common in adults, because it is often called adult-onset diabetes. This disease used to be called non-insulin dependent of diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), because it does not depend on the hormone insulin.

Another case with type 1 diabetes (insulin dependent diabetes mellitus / IDDM) which requires the patient undergo insulin therapy or insulin injections every day to control blood glucose levels. Because exactly why this happens is uncertain, even though doctors believe that genetic and environmental factors play a role in the cause of type 2 diabetes.

Diabetes Another Type

Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that occurs only in pregnant women. This disease can cause problems in the mother and the baby if not treated. But gestational diabetes usually resolves after childbirth.

Other types of diabetes usually result from genetic syndromes, surgery, drugs, malnutrition, infections and other diseases.

Diabetes insipidus is a different condition caused by the inability of the kidneys to store water. This condition is rare and treatable.

The cause of diabetes mellitus

Unhealthy food

There are various factors that trigger this disease. Unhealthy lifestyles such as unhealthy food consumption is one of them. In addition, the lack of physical activity is believed to be the main driver of diabetes mellitus.

However, genetic factors also determine the risk of diabetes mellitus in a person. People with a family history of diabetes, it is more likely to develop diabetes at a young age.

Diabetes mellitus or also known as diabetes is a metabolic disease characterized by hyperglycemia (high blood sugar). Generally, diabetes mellitus is classified as type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Type 1 diabetes mellitus is caused because pancreatic organs can not produce insulin. Meanwhile, type 2 diabetes mellitus can be caused by disruption of insulin production hormone and the presence of resistance to the hormone insulin.

This insulin hormone serves to carry sugar in the bloodstream into organs throughout the body. In the condition of diabetes mellitus, disruption to the work of the hormone insulin that causes increased blood sugar levels.

As for some risk factors a person can have diabetes mellitus, consisting of:

Unchangeable risk factors:

  • Race or ethnicity
  • A history of diabetes in the family
  • Age
  • Birth history of low weight (


Risk factors that can be changed:

  • Overweight (Body Mass Index> 23 kg / m2)
  • Obesity
  • Lack of physical activity and exercise
  • Smoke
  • High blood pressure (values> 140/90 mmHg)
  • Unhealthy diet
  • Dyslipidemia or disorders of blood cholesterol levels

Complications of diabetes mellitus

Experiencing diabetes mellitus from an early age will increase the risk of developing complications from diabetes. The longer a person has diabetes and is not treated properly, it is more at risk of developing complications.

Complications of diabetes can decrease a person's productivity until life-threatening. Some complications that may arise in diabetes, namely:

Cardiovascular Disease

Diabetes can increase the risk of experiencing various diseases related to the heart and blood vessels, such as coronary heart disease, heart attack, and atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries). In addition, disorders of the blood vessels can also occur increasing the risk of stroke.

Neuropathy (nerve damage)

Excess blood sugar levels can damage the walls of blood vessels. If the blood vessels are disturbed, automatically the function of blood-supplied tissue was partly disturbed, one of which is a neural network. Disorders can occur in nerves throughout the body. When the neural network is compromised, it can lead to a series of symptoms such as tingling, numbness, pain or burning sensation.

Nephropathy (kidney damage)

High blood sugar levels can damage blood vessels through the kidney organs. This may affect the function of screening of the kidney organ. Ultimately, continuous kidney damage can lead to disruption of discharges of metabolic or unneeded substances from the body.

Retinopathy (eye damage)

Diabetes can also cause damage to blood vessels in the eye, precisely in the retina. Though the retina serves to turn the light into the eye into a signal to proceed to the brain as an important part of the process of vision. If vessel damage in the retina is severe, it can lead to blindness.

Although it can attack all ages, diabetes mellitus can be prevented. Based on the above description, you should be encouraged to better maintain health by avoiding risk factors, as well as having a healthy diet, exercise regularly, and adequate rest.


When Should I Go to a Doctor?

You should see your doctor immediately to check your condition if you feel the symptoms of diabetes mentioned above. In addition, you need to call emergency number if you feel:

  • Feeling nauseous and weak
  • Excessive thirst and urination when coupled with abdominal pain
  • Breathe quickly

What is the Right Treatment for Diabetes?

For type 1 and type 2 diabetes, you need to do a special diet to control blood sugar. You should eat a snack at the same time every day.

You should often check your blood sugar levels with a glucometer and see if there are any signs of your blood sugar level being too low or too high. The doctor will explain to you how to give insulin injections, so you can inject yourself at home, usually 2-3 times a day.

Then, your doctor will advise you to exercise to help control your blood sugar levels. You also need to do regular foot care and check the eyes to prevent complications.

Although type 1 diabetes can not be cured, type 2 diabetes can be treated with lifestyle changes.

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Is a health and wellness enthusiast. In him free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.

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