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Benefits of Chemical Peeling for the Skin

Today, many methods are offered to beautify the skin, ranging from self-care at home to treatment at a beauty clinic. One of the available and popular methods is chemical peeling. What is it and how can it benefit the skin?

Chemical peeling is a technique to improve the appearance of facial, neck or hand skin. This method is done by applying a chemical solution to the skin that causes exfoliation. The newly regenerated skin is usually smoother and less wrinkled than the old skin. While this new skin will be more sensitive to sunlight.

No need to be afraid to do chemical peels. This procedure is safe and can be done on all skin types. In addition, the technique is classified as low-tech and not intimidating compared to lasers, and they deal with the same problems namely changes in skin color, texture, and wrinkles. In fact, there are some opinions that chemical peels are better than lasers.

According to the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD), chemical peels can correct acne, age spots, discoloration, complexion, fine lines (especially under the eyes and around the mouth), spots like freckles, melasma, sun damage, and much more.

There are three basic types of chemical peels, namely:

Superficial peels

This type penetrates only the outermost layer of skin for gentle exfoliation. The benefits can improve acne scars, complexion and skin texture, reduce fine lines and wrinkles, and reduce the effects of sun damage.

It is recommended to do this procedure serially (continuously) to get optimal results. After performing the procedure, use moisturizer until the skin is healed and the sunscreen is routine every day. Makeup can be used the next day. This type requires 1-7 days to recover. The treated skin area can be initially red and maybe scaly.

Medium peels

This type penetrates the outer and middle layers of the skin to remove damaged skin cells. The skin will be red and swollen (weighing the first 48 hours) after the application of the solution and it may form blisters and rupture. In the next stage, the skin will crust and peel within 1-2 weeks.

After the procedure, apply lotion or cream to the treated area, and avoid sun exposure until healing is complete (it takes 7-14 days to heal). Makeup is allowed after 1 week. This procedure is used in cases of hyperpigmentation, moderate wrinkles, acne scars, damage caused by severe sun exposure, rough skin, and rough wrinkles.

Deep peels

This type penetrates the middle layer of the skin to remove damaged skin cells. The target of this procedure is moderate fine lines, deep wrinkles, sun damage, uneven patterns, and vertical lines around the mouth (known as "smoker lines"). This procedure is only done on the face because the skin of the neck and hands tends to be thinner and smoother. Besides that, it can only be done once.

Before performing this procedure, anesthesia may be needed. The side effects of this procedure include skin becoming crusty and reddish, and can last for weeks.

This type requires 14-21 days to heal. The treated area will be bandaged. The skin must be treated 4-6 times a day for the first 14 days. Avoid all sun exposure for 3-6 months. Makeup can be used after 14 days.

There are several complications or side effects that may occur from chemical peels, namely temporary or permanent skin discoloration, scarring, and reactivation of herpes labialis.

It is very important not to use retinoid products after chemical peels because they can irritate newly flaky skin. Also, remember to use a sunscreen with a minimum of SPF 30 after the procedure. Sun exposure and smoking after the procedure should be avoided because it can cause side effects such as infections and scarring.

Chemical peeling can be a choice of skincare with various benefits. This procedure should be carried out by professional experts to avoid unwanted side effects.

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