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Beware of Diseases Due to Frequent Drinking Alcohol in Teens

Drinking alcohol is not without risk, especially if it is often and excessively drunk. Check out various health problems that can arise due to frequent intoxication.

The adverse effects of excessive alcohol consumption are well known. For those of you who have this habit when you are young, you should be aware of illnesses due to frequent drinking of alcohol. What are the diseases in question?

Not only does it have a hangover effect, but excessive alcohol consumption can also increase the risk of many diseases, both in the short and long term.

The short-term disorder that can occur is alcohol poisoning, while the long-term disorder is liver disease. Alcohol that enters the body will be metabolized by the liver. For this reason, many experience liver problems due to frequent excessive drinking of alcohol. Liver disease caused by excessive alcohol intake is called alcoholic liver disease (ALD) or fatty liver due to alcohol.




Reasons for drinking alcohol should be aware of ALD

The several stages of ALD are fatty alcoholic liver, alcoholic hepatitis, and cirrhosis. Cirrhosis is the final stage of liver damage. However, cirrhosis can also occur in those who don't drink alcohol, usually due to hepatitis infection that is not handled properly. Cirrhosis is the formation of scar tissue in the liver due to damage that lasts a long time.

Although usually, the liver can regenerate when it is damaged, if the damage continues and gets worse, then the heart cannot make a renewal. As a result, the liver will be damaged and unable to function properly.

In the early stages of ALD, sufferers will not experience any symptoms. Symptoms will begin to feel when the heart is getting damaged. This is seen from the body yellowing and accompanied by fatigue.

Patients can also experience high fever, enlarged abdomen or swelling in other body parts, bowel obstruction, easy to experience bleeding such as vomiting blood, and easy bruising.

Cirrhosis cannot be completely cured. Handling is only done to prevent damage to the liver so that complications do not occur.

If possible, liver transplantation can be a treatment option for liver cirrhosis. However, care must be taken between donors and recipients to reduce transplant complications.

Therefore, before you are attacked by liver disease due to alcohol, you should immediately change your lifestyle. Limit or stop alcohol consumption and implement a healthy diet and regular exercise.

Other diseases that can occur

In addition to ALD, other adverse effects to watch out for are:

1. Tooth decay

Drinking excessive alcohol can also cause tooth decay, which tends to have more dental plaque. The condition can increase the risk three times more likely to lose at least one tooth.

Most alcoholic drinks contain chromogen which serves to give color to the drink. When this chromogen sticks to the teeth plus poor dental hygiene, the teeth become easier to turn yellow and look duller.

Besides, alcohol can also make teeth drier. When this happens, tooth loss will be easier.

2. Cancer

Quoted from the pages of the National Institute and Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, there is a meta-analysis that states that long-term alcohol consumption can increase the risk of developing several types of cancer. For example oral cancer, esophageal cancer, laryngeal cancer, stomach cancer, colon cancer, rectal cancer, and breast cancer.

The content of acetaldehyde and alcohol itself is said to contribute to an increased risk.

Alcohol drinkers who also smoke are known to have a higher risk of developing cancer in the upper digestive tract and respiratory tract.

Read Also : Cancer: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment and Prevention

3. Malnutrition and vitamin deficiency

Too much alcohol intake can also cause malnutrition or poor nutrition and vitamin deficiency. It may be partly due to poor diet, but also because nutrients that enter the body do not decompose properly.

Various nutrients that enter the body are not absorbed enough from the digestive tract into the blood, so it cannot be used effectively by the body's cells.

Besides, alcohol can also interfere with the production of red blood cells in the spinal cord and cause gastric ulcer bleeding, which can cause iron-deficiency anemia.

4. Brain damage

Alcohol is associated with blurred vision, memory deterioration, slurred speech, difficulty walking, and slowing body reactions. It all happened because of its effect on the brain.

These conditions change the brain's receptors and neurotransmitters, then disrupt cognitive functions, moods, emotions, and reactions at various levels.

Because alcohol is a central nervous system depressant, there can be difficulties in processing information and it is more difficult to solve simple problems.

The effects of alcohol on serotonin and GABA receptors may cause neurological changes, which can result in a decrease in the consequences of one's fear of his actions, which can then contribute to risk-taking or violent behavior.

Alcohol can also interface with motor coordination and balance, which often causes injuries from falls. Drinking excessive alcohol can cause loss of consciousness (blackout) or an inability to remember.

Drinking a lot of alcohol for a long time can accelerate the brain's natural aging process, which can end in early and permanent dementia.

In addition to those mentioned above, other adverse effects also need to be aware of. Like pancreatitis, cardiovascular complications (such as angina, hypertension, and the risk of heart failure), weakening the body's immune system (making the body vulnerable to infectious diseases such as pneumonia and tuberculosis), and gastrointestinal disorders (peptic ulcers, gastric acid, and gastritis).

With so many potential diseases due to frequent drinking of alcohol in the period since youth, still, want to continue the habit? For the sake of better health, slowly reduce, limit, better still stop consumption. If you have difficulties because you are already addicted, ask for help from a psychiatrist to get proper treatment.





References

References

  1. Better health. Alcohol and teenagers.
  2. NCBI. Consequences of Underage Drinking - Reducing Underage Drinking.

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