Friday, May 24 2019
Home / Health / Beware of early symptoms of cervical cancer

Beware of early symptoms of cervical cancer

Cervical cancer is the type of cancer most often experienced by women. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), cervical cancer is experienced by more than one million women in the world. Actually, this cancer can be completely cured if detected early.

However, many women who do not realize or even underestimate the signs they experience that might be a symptom of early stage cervical cancer. Then, what are the symptoms of early-stage cervical cancer that women need to watch out for?

Know cervical cancer

Cervical cancer occurs when abnormal cells grow uncontrolled in your cervix. This is usually caused by infection with human papillomavirus (HPV) that attacks the cervix. When a woman is infected with this virus, women may not immediately suffer from cervical cancer. The immune system that every human has is trying to fight this virus.

However, the HPV virus can last for years in a woman's body, develop, and eventually cause cells in the cervical wall to turn into cancer cells. So that, you then suffer from cervical cancer.




The cause of cervical cancer is HPV virus infection. There are more than 100 types of HPV viruses and 13 of them can cause cervical cancer. You can get infected with this virus by having sex with someone who has the HPV virus.

The HPV virus that causes cervical cancer will infect healthy cells in the uterine wall. So, healthy cells undergo genetic changes into abnormal cells. Healthy cells eventually die and are replaced with abnormal cells that grow uncontrollably. Abnormal cells that grow then form a large mass called a tumor.

Women who have HPV virus in their bodies may experience symptoms of cervical cancer and may also not develop cervical cancer. HPV virus infection can disappear by itself.

However, other factors also influence the development of cervical cancer, such as lifestyle. Women who have an HPV virus plus a poor lifestyle have a greater likelihood of suffering from early symptoms of cervical cancer.

Pay attention to these signs

The cervix is the lowest part of the uterus, which connects the uterus to the vagina, making it more commonly known as the cervix. Cervical cancer occurs when abnormal cells grow uncontrollably. This condition can be overcome when found at an early stage, through a Pap smear.

Because, early stage cervical cancer rarely shows typical symptoms. When symptoms appear, generally it is because cervical cancer cells have developed, until they begin to affect the surrounding tissue.

Here are some early symptoms of cervical cancer that need to be considered:

Changes in vaginal fluid

Common vaginal discharge arises from unusual changes in vaginal fluid. In addition, vaginal discharge that is pale, brown, runny or foul-smelling that occurs continuously, is one of the symptoms of cervical cancer that you must watch out for.

Abnormal bleeding

Some types of abnormal bleeding, such as bleeding outside menstruation, more menstrual blood, longer menstruation, bleeding after menopause, or bleeding that occurs after sexual intercourse can be an early symptom of cervical cancer.

Pain in the lower abdomen or cervix

Pain in the lower abdomen or pelvic area, as well as pain during intercourse, can also be suspected as an early symptom of cervical cancer. Although there are other possible causes, it is important to immediately check this condition.

Positively infected with the Human Papilloma Virus

Generally cervical cancer is caused by the HPV virus or human papillomavirus which can be transmitted through sexual contact. Some HPV can trigger genital warts, some cause cervical cancer.

If cervical cancer has progressed to a more advanced stage, the symptoms will get worse, including:

  • Pain in the pelvic or back cavity and bones.
  • Difficulty urinating and blood appearing in the urine.
  • Swelling on one or both legs.
  • Changes in bowel habits.
  • Loss of appetite and weight loss.

Stage of cervical cancer stage

The stage of cervical cancer is grouped according to the level of the main tumor, the spread of cancer to nearby lymph nodes, and the spread of cancer to other parts of the body that are far from where the cancer develops. Based on this, the spread of cancer cells are grouped into four stages. Reporting from the American Cancer Society, the following is the stage of cervical cancer:

Stadium 0

At this stage, cells in the symptoms of early stage cervical cancer only occur in cells on the outer surface of the cervix. These cancer cells have not attacked deeper cervical tissue.

Stage I

Stage 1 cervical cancer is a stage of cancer in which cancer cells are only in the organs of the cervix. In medicine, stage 1 cervical cancer will be divided into stage 1A (1A1 and 1A2) and 1B (1B1 and 1B2).

At this stage, cancer cells have invaded the cervix but did not grow outside the uterus. Cancer cells have not spread to lymph nodes that are nearby or spread to further parts of the body. Also note that stage 1 cervical cancer is divided into several groups, namely:

At this stage, the bad cells in the cervical cancer cause the initial symptoms have spread, but do not grow outside the uterus. Cancer cells have not spread to lymph nodes that are nearby or spread further afield. The phases of the symptoms of early stage cervical cancer are further divided into several groups, namely:

Stage IA: This is a form of early cervical cancer symptoms. Small amounts of cancer cells have attacked the cervix and this can only be seen under a microscope. Stadium 1A is further divided into:

  • Stage IA1: Cancer cells have invaded cervical tissue
  • Stage IA2: Cancer cells already exist in cervical tissue with a depth of 3-5 mm and a width of

Stage IB: Cancer cells can already be seen without the aid of a microscope. Cancer cell size is greater than stage 1A, but still spreads only in cervical tissue. Stadium 1B is divided into:

  • Stage IB1: Cancer can be seen and has a size of ≤4 cm
  • Stage IB2: The size of a cancer cell is greater than 4 cm

Stage II

At this stage, the cancer has spread beyond the cervix and uterus, but has not spread to the pelvic wall or the lower part of the vagina. Cancer cells also have not spread to the nearest lymph nodes or to other distant parts of the body.

Stage IIA: At this stage, the cancer has not spread to the tissue near the cervix, but the cancer may have spread to the upper part of the vagina (not the whole vagina). This stadium is further divided into:

  • Stage IIA1: Cancer can be seen but is still not greater than 4 cm
  • Stage IIA2: Cancer is greater than 4 cm
  • Stage IIB: Cervical cancer cells initial symptoms have spread to the tissues around the cervix.

Stage III

Cancer has spread to the lower part of the vagina or pelvic wall and may block the urinary tract. However, cancer cells have not spread to the nearest lymph nodes or to other parts of the body that are farther away. This stadium is divided into:

  • Stage IIIA: Cancer has spread to the lower third of the vagina but has not reached the pelvic wall.
  • Stadium IIIB: There are two possible conditions in this stage IIIB, namely:

Cancer has grown to reach the pelvic wall and / or has obstructed one or both urinary tracts. This can then cause kidney problems.

Cancer has spread to lymph nodes around the pelvis but not to distant parts of the body. Tumors in stage IIIB can be of various sizes and may have spread to the lower part of the vagina or pelvic wall.

Stage IV

This is the final stage of cervical cancer. Cancer not only attacks the cervix, but also to the closest part of the cervix or to other parts of the body that are even far from the cervix. This stadium is divided into:

  • Stage IVA: Cancer cells have spread to the bladder or to the rectum, both of which are the closest organs to the cervix. However, at this stage cancer cells have not spread to the nearest lymph nodes or to other parts of the body.
  • Stage IVB: Cancer cells have spread to other parts of the body that are far from the cervix, such as the lungs or liver.

Perform Periodic Checks

To find out the condition of the uterus, regular Pap smears are important. Usually the doctor will recommend this examination to be carried out routinely every 3 years since the woman enters the age of 21 years. For women aged 30 years and over who want to check the presence of HPV in their uterus can do a Pap smear every 5 years.

On this test the doctor will take a cell sample from the cervix and check whether there is a change in the nature of the cervical cell. If changes in the nature of the cervical cell are suspected, the doctor may request further tests, such as a biopsy. The doctor will take a sample of tissue from the cervix to look for possible precancerous conditions or cancer cells in the cervix.

In addition to Pap smears, HPV vaccination can also be done as an effort to prevent cervical cancer. This vaccination can be given for ages 9-26 years. This method is only effective for people who have never been infected with this virus. If you want to do this vaccination, you should do it before you are active in sexual intercourse.

Pay close attention to changes that occur in your reproductive organs. Perform periodic checks to find out his health condition. If you experience symptoms that are not common, immediately consult a doctor to determine whether these are the initial symptoms of cervical cancer or other diseases.





References

References

Chun, C. Healthline (2018). Human Papillomavirus (HPV) and Cervical Cancer.

Mayo Clinic (2018). Symptoms. Vaginal bleeding.


Subscribe to our e-mail newsletter to get interesting stuff receive updates.

Thanks for reading. How useful is this information for you?

(1 Not useful / 5 Very useful)


User Rating: 0.0 ( 0 votes)
Is a health and wellness enthusiast. In him free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.

Check Also

Be Careful, Babies Often Vomit Could Be the Cause of Pilorus Stenosis

Be Careful, Babies Often Vomit Could Be the Cause of Pilorus Stenosis

Vomiting in babies often causes anxiety for parents. Of the many causes, pyloric stenosis includes …

0 Response

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *