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Beware of TORCH Infection in pregnant women!

TORCH infections that occur during pregnancy can cause fetal disability, such as abnormalities in the nerves, eyes, brain disorders, lungs, ears, and other motor functions.

Living a healthy and normal pregnancy is the expectation of every mother. During the pregnancy phase, you need to pay attention to things that have the potential to interfere with the health of the fetus, one of them is TORCH infection.

TORCH (toxoplasmosis, rubella, cytomegalovirus, and herpes simplex virus type 2) is a fairly common infection and very dangerous if experienced by pregnant women. This condition can cause disability in the fetus. This is because if the baby is still developing in the uterus, the immune system cannot fight properly.

Dangers of TORCH Infection against Pregnancy

Infection during pregnancy can result in the birth of a premature baby, who often has a high level of morbidity, one of which is persistent congenital defects, such as chronic lung disease, asthma, cerebral palsy, and disorders of growth and development or brain development problems.

The variety of diseases that arise during the pregnancy phase has changed to a wider range, including bacterial, viral, and parasitic infections. However, TORCH infection (Toxoplasma, Others (HIV, Syphilis) Rubella, Citomegalovirus, Herpes Simplek) can still be the starting point when there is an abnormality in labor or the condition of a baby born.

The cause of TORCH is viruses and parasites that are transmitted through pets such as dogs, cats, chickens, or birds. TORCH is also one of the most difficult causes of having children.


Toxoplasmosis is an infection caused by the parasite Toxoplasma gondii which is found in cats, rabbits, dogs, or goats. Not only in animals, it can be transmitted through undercooked meat, eat vegetables or fruit that are not washed clean, or step on the ground barefoot when the soil is contaminated by the faeces of infected animals.

Signs and symptoms when infected with Toxoplasma gondii are like having a common cold, namely fever, weakness, swollen lymph nodes, especially in the neck, headaches, sore throat, and body aches.

If pregnant women are infected with this parasite, the baby will be infected because the transmission can occur through the placenta. Complications that occur due to this infection are miscarriages, congenital defects in babies born in the form of hydrocephalus, hearing loss, and nervous system disorders.


Rubela is known by another name German measles. Rubella is also as dangerous as toxoplasmosis because it can cause inhibited fetal growth and congenital rubella syndrome (congenital cataracts, hearing loss, cardiac abnormalities, microscopy).

Rubella is caused by the rubella virus which is transmitted through the respiratory tract. This infection occurs a lot at 12 weeks' gestation. Signs and symptoms that appear similar to an influenza virus, namely the body feels feverish, fever, aches, and accompanied by red spots on the skin.


Cytomegalovirus is a family of herpes viruses. Actually this virus is not dangerous for people who have a good immune system. However, it will be a big problem for people who have poor immune systems such as people with HIV / AIDS, are using drugs that reduce immunity, and pregnant women.

Cytomegalovirus infection is transmitted through human contact, namely through blood, saliva, urine, semen, and ASI fluids. As a result of this infection, the mother can experience a miscarriage or even give birth to a baby with low birth weight, yellow baby, red rash, susceptible to lung infection, and nervous system disorders such as easy to experience seizures.

Herpes simplex virus type 2

Herpes simplex virus infection is transmitted through direct contact during sexual intercourse or during the normal giving birth process. Generally this herpes simplex infection will cause lesions such as pimples in the genital area that feel pain and heat, accompanied by a chilly body, fever, and enlarged lymph nodes.

This infection also increases the rate of miscarriages in pregnant women in the first and second trimesters. If the baby is infected with this infection, the baby will experience a central nervous system disorder whose symptoms include fever, lethargy, not wanting to suckle, easier fussing, until a seizure occurs. Infection can also occur easily on the skin, eyes and mouth.

If the infection is classified as severe, disseminated herpes can occur. This condition can attack other organs such as the lungs, liver, or kidneys.

Overall, TORCH infections can cause miscarriages, impaired fetal development, and give birth to babies with congenital defects. Therefore, every mother who is planning to become pregnant or a mother who is pregnant must pay attention to the following:

  • Eating balanced nutritious foods.
  • Wash clean and cook cooked food.
  • If you have a pet such as a dog, cat or bird, take it to the veterinarian regularly and give the vaccine.
  • Perform initial screening before planning a pregnancy (premarital checkup) and performing immunizations as early as possible, such as MMR immunization, TORCH, Varicella, DPT.
  • Not changing sexual partners
  • Pregnancy check-ups regularly to midwives and obstetricians.
  • If the mother experiences symptoms as mentioned or has a risk such as recurrent miscarriage, difficulty getting pregnant, a history of giving birth to a baby with a disability, immediately consult an obstetrician.


TORCH can harm pregnant women and the fetus they conceive. Therefore, prepare well before pregnancy and apply a healthy lifestyle during pregnancy. Hopefully your pregnancy is always smooth until delivery!

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Is a health and wellness enthusiast. In him free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.

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