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Beware of Various Diseases due to High Cholesterol

High cholesterol means there is too much fat in the blood. If left unchecked, fat can settle on blood vessels and inhibit blood flow. This condition will cause a number of diseases, including hypertension and heart disease.

In order to avoid various diseases due to high cholesterol, you need to keep cholesterol levels normal. High cholesterol or hypercholesterolemia that is leftover can make your blood vessels narrow and harden (atherosclerosis). This condition will make you susceptible to various diseases.

Various diseases due to high cholesterol

Here are some diseases that occur due to high cholesterol:

1. Peripheral arterial disease

The blockage of blood vessels due to high cholesterol can also occur in small blood vessels. This condition is known as peripheral arterial disease. Blood vessels that are often affected by peripheral artery disease are blood vessels in the legs and feet. Even in some cases, blockages also occur in the blood vessels in the kidneys.




2. High blood pressure

High blood pressure (hypertension) occurs when the pressure in a blood vessel exceeds normal. One reason is the buildup of cholesterol that makes blood vessels narrow, so the heart needs to work harder and put extra pressure to pump blood. If left unchecked, over time the performance of the heart will also be affected.

3. Coronary heart disease

High cholesterol levels in the blood can cause a fat buildup of plaque on the walls of blood vessels, including blood vessels in the heart (coronary arteries). This can reduce blood flow to the heart and cause coronary heart disease. If not treated immediately, a heart attack can occur.

4. Stroke

Not only in the heart blood vessels, but fat can also accumulate in the brain's blood vessels. If blood flow to the brain is blocked, this organ will lack nutrients and oxygen, resulting in a stroke.

5. Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Type 2 diabetes is another disease that can cause a lot of high cholesterol because diabetes can affect cholesterol levels. Even if blood sugar is well controlled, people with diabetes tend to have high triglycerides, decrease in HDL, and sometimes increase LDL (bad cholesterol). This increases the likelihood of developing narrowing in the arteries.

6. Erectile dysfunction (ED)

The blood vessels in the penis are smaller than in other parts of the body, so erectile dysfunction can be an early warning sign of the narrowing of the arteries. The narrowing can be caused by a blockage by the buildup of fat-containing cholesterol, called atherosclerosis. Read also Overcome erectile dysfunction with these foods.

Read Also : Cholesterol: treatment and prevention

Tips for Controlling Cholesterol Levels

To reduce the risk of the occurrence of the above diseases, you need to control cholesterol levels. This step can be done by applying a healthy lifestyle, such as regulating a healthy and nutritious balanced diet, accompanied by regular exercise.

The recommended diet for controlling cholesterol levels is a diet that is low in saturated fats, and rich in soluble fiber. Examples are whole grains, wheat, brown rice, fruit, and vegetables.

If your daily food intake is not enough to meet fiber needs, you can consume supplement products that have similar ingredients. For example supplements in the form of drinks that are more practical for consumption.

Look for a product with a description of 'soluble fiber-rich foods', and says 'can help reduce cholesterol' on the packaging label. Make sure the beverage product has been researched and approved by the Food and Drug Supervisory Agency.

Read the packaging label carefully when buying the product. You can choose products that contain beta-glucan and inulin. Both of these substances are a type of soluble fiber which is useful to support the digestive system's performance and helps reduce cholesterol levels.

It would be better if the product also contains vitamins B1 and B2, which can help the body digest fats and carbohydrates, then convert it to energy.

Don't forget to take at least 30 minutes a day to exercise, at least 3-5 times a week. You can jog, swim, exercise, or yoga. Choose the type of exercise that you like, the important thing is you can do it consistently.

To avoid the risk of various diseases due to high cholesterol, you need to make prevention efforts as early as possible. This can be done by living a healthy lifestyle.

Do not hesitate to consult a doctor, especially if you have experienced symptoms of the above diseases, or have risk factors for suffering from high cholesterol, such as obesity and heredity.

It should be understood that high cholesterol can not only occur in the elderly, busy life and a bad lifestyle can also make you who are still productive at risk of experiencing high cholesterol. Remember, prevention is better than cure!





References

References

1. Cleveland Clinic (2016). Cholesterol: High Cholesterol Diseases

2. Mayo Clinic (2019). High Cholesterol.


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