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Causes of Babies Vomiting After Breastfeeding and How to Overcome It

Baby vomiting after drinking mother's milk is a frequent complaint. Some babies even experience it almost every time they finish breastfeeding. Although generally normal, this condition can also be caused by a dangerous disorder to watch out for.

Babies vomiting after drinking breast milk are known as spit-up. Spit up is said to be normal if it doesn't cause the baby to be fussy or short of breath. Although it can be prevented, the condition does not require special treatment and is normal.

Causes of Babies Vomiting After Drinking Mother's Milk

Spit is caused by breast milk or milk swallowed by the baby back into the esophagus, because the muscles in the baby's digestive tract, namely in the esophagus and stomach, are still weak. This condition is called reflux.

Babies may experience reflux because the size of the stomach is still very small, so it quickly fills up. Reflux also occurs because the valve in the esophagus is not perfect, so it has not worked optimally to hold back the contents of the stomach.

Generally, babies vomiting after drinking breast milk will last until the age of 4-5 months. After that, spit-up will stop by itself.

Another cause of vomiting babies after drinking mother's milk is gastroenteritis. It's just that, infection in the baby's gastrointestinal tract is usually accompanied by diarrhea. In addition to gastroenteritis, there are various other causes for babies vomiting after drinking breast milk, ranging from allergies, colds, ear infections, urinary tract infections, to narrowing of the stomach (pyloric stenosis).

Although babies vomit after drinking breast milk are often caused by normal spit-up. But, parents must remain vigilant if the baby is vomiting accompanied by other symptoms, such as:

  • Fever.
  • Not willing or unwilling to suckle at all.
  • A rash arises.
  • Sleeplessness and fuss.
  • The fonts stand out.
  • Swollen stomach.
  • Hard to breathe.
  • Vomiting accompanied by blood or green fluids.
  • Vomiting continues for more than one or two days.
  • Dehydrated, which is characterized by dry lips, crying without tears, sunken fontanel, and rarely urinating.

Tips to Relieve Vomiting in Babies

Spit babies are usually not to worry about and will subside by itself as the baby ages. However, there are several ways that can be done to alleviate complaints of vomiting babies after drinking breast milk:

  • Try to position the baby's head higher than his body, during feeding.
  • Position your body upright after breastfeeding, so the baby can burp more easily.
  • Let the baby suckle in a calm state. This will prevent the baby from breastfeeding too much air together with breast milk.
  • Get used to feed the baby enough, but more often. Too much breastfeeding can make the baby's stomach stretch because it is full, thus triggering the baby to vomit after drinking breast milk.
  • Make baby belch every time breastfeeding. Let baby belch first before changing breasts.
  • Make sure the baby's clothes or diapers aren't too tight and avoid holding the baby to belch with the baby's belly right on your shoulder. This is to reduce the pressure on the stomach.
  • Avoid shaking the baby or making the baby active immediately after breastfeeding. You should also not travel by vehicle shortly after the baby breastfeeding.
  • If the baby is big enough, position it so that it sits about 30 minutes after breastfeeding.
  • Position the baby's head slightly higher during sleep. You can put a blanket or towel rolled under your shoulders and head. It's best to avoid using pillows for babies.
  • Check the possibility of babies vomiting after drinking breast milk due to food or drinks consumed by mothers, such as cow's milk.

If the baby vomits after drinking breast milk with the danger signs above, or if you are worried about this condition, consult a pediatrician immediately. Note how many times or how many babies vomit, and whether there are other symptoms.



1. Baby Center Australia (2016). Vomiting in Babies: What's Normal and What's Not.

2. Healthy Children, American Academy of Pediatrics (2015). Infant Vomiting. 

3. Consolini, D. MSD Manual Consumer Version (2018). Vomiting in Infants and Children. 

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Is a health and wellness enthusiast. In him free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.

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