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Causes of Discharge Brown Spots When Pregnant

The release of brown spots during pregnancy is a natural thing and is often experienced by some pregnant women. However, you still need to be alert, especially if the spots last long and continuously, or are accompanied by other symptoms such as abdominal pain and cramps.

Brown spots during pregnancy are mild bleeding spots that come out of the vagina, this can occur during pregnancy, especially in the first trimester. About 20 percent of women experience bleeding in the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. The color of the spots varies, it can be pink, red, or brown. The brown color on the spots indicates that the blood has been in the womb for quite a long time, or not released from the body quickly. So when it comes out, the blood will be darker in color.

Various Causes of Brown Spots during Pregnancy

There are a number of possible causes of brown spots during pregnancy, including:

  • Implantation bleeding

Usually, implantation bleeding occurs 6-12 days after conception or fertilization. Implantation is the process of attaching a fertilized egg to the uterus. Generally, the spots of blood that come out are very few and only occur for a few hours or a few days.

  • Cervical irritation

Chocolate spots during pregnancy due to cervical irritation can occur at any time during pregnancy. When pregnant, there is a surge in hormones and increased blood flow to the cervix or cervix. This makes the cervix very sensitive and more easily irritated, thus eventually removing spots. Having sex during pregnancy, checking the cervix by a doctor or midwife, and infection can also be the cause.

  • Signs of labor

The exit of brown spots during pregnancy can be a sign that the time of labor is near. When the body is ready to give birth, the cervix will soften and release mucus blockage. This blockage helps protect the uterus from bacteria or dirt from outside the body. Generally, the mucus that comes out is white, brownish, pink, or even slightly greenish.

The discharge of brown spots during pregnancy which is a sign of labor occurs several weeks or several days before labor, at 36-40 weeks gestation.

  • Ectopic pregnancy

In some cases, brown spots during pregnancy can be caused by an ectopic pregnancy. This condition is potentially life-threatening and requires medical treatment as soon as possible if a tear occurs at the site of an ectopic pregnancy. See a doctor immediately if bleeding or spots are accompanied by symptoms:

    • Severe dizziness
    • Feeling dizzy and / or feeling like going unconscious, feeling his head is very light without weight.
    • Shoulder pain
    • Abdominal or pelvic pain that comes and goes, especially on one side.
    • Limp or faint.
    • The skin looks pale or the accomplice feels cold.
    • Heart rate is faster.
  • Miscarriage

Any bleeding during pregnancy can be a sign of an early miscarriage. Bleeding from a miscarriage is usually accompanied by other symptoms, such as:

    • Cramps and abdominal pain.
    • Low back pain.
    • Excessive red blood flow.
    • Tissue discharge or clots from the vagina.
    • Disorders of the placenta and cervix
  • Disorders of the placenta and cervix

In rare cases, brown spots during pregnancy can be a sign of placental problems, such as placenta previa, and infections of the cervix or uterus.

  • HPV (genital)

Another cause of brown spots during pregnancy is genital HPV, caused by increased estrogen levels and blood flow to the area.

  • Missed abortion

Missed abortion is a condition where the fetus dies before the gestational age reaches 20 weeks. But instead of going straight out of the cervix, the fetus stays in it for more than 8 weeks. Once out of the body, that's what causes brown spots.

The Right Steps to Be Careful of Brown Spots When Pregnant

Although generally brown spots during pregnancy are normal phenomena, you are still advised to be more vigilant and consult an obstetrician, especially if the complaint appears along with other symptoms, such as severe pain, heavy bleeding from the vagina, fever, and cramping or contraction in the uterus.

The doctor will do a physical examination accompanied by a checkup, such as ultrasound, to make sure the mother and fetus are in good condition. If problems are found in the fetus or in the uterus, the doctor will determine the next step of treatment according to the condition of the mother and fetus.

In addition to medical treatment, the doctor will also advise you to rest in bed (bed rest), limit daily activities and physical activity, not lift heavy objects, and keep the body hydrated by consuming lots of water.

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