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Causes of Frequent Bloody Gum and Tips to Prevent it

Frequent bleeding gums are a sign of gum disease. However, the gums often bleed can also indicate other health problems in you. Some of the main causes of gums often bleed are the buildup of plaque on the gum line, brushing your teeth too hard, hormonal changes during pregnancy, infection, leukemia, and others.

When you think about dental health, you might be too focused on how to prevent cavities, right? There are other things that are just as important, namely paying attention to your gum health. Gums have an important role in the health of your teeth and mouth.

Causes of Frequent Bloody Gums

In many cases, swollen and bleeding gums are a sign of gum disease. Gums are made of fine tissue, and if you brush your teeth too hard and in the wrong way, you can make the gums red and bleed. In addition to brushing your teeth too hard, there are several causes of your gums often bleeding, including:

In many cases, swollen and bleeding gums are a sign of gum disease. Gums are made of soft tissue, and if you brush your teeth too hard and in the wrong way, you can make the gums red and bleed. In addition to brushing your teeth too hard, there are several causes of your gums often bleeding, including:

1. It's rare to brush your teeth

If you are among those who are lazy or rarely brush their teeth, this could be the cause of your gums often bleeding.

Not without reason, many experts emphasize that everyone diligently brush their teeth twice a day. The more rarely you brush your teeth, the more plaque covering the surface of the tooth will thicken and harden.

Plaque is tooth droppings that contain a lot of bacteria. Plaque arises because food remnants left on the tooth surface or tooth gaps are not cleaned properly. Well, this plaque triggers inflammation of the gums and then causes your gums to bleed at any time.

2. Brushing your teeth too hard

Brushing your teeth with minimal energy may not feel too clean for some people. However, brushing your teeth as hard as you can won't guarantee that your teeth will be clean and shiny.

Brushing your teeth too hard and tight can actually cause your gums to bleed. As explained above, our gums consist of thin soft tissue. Friction or hard impact can cause gum gums, thus triggering bleeding.

Therefore, brush it gently and slowly. Also, pay attention to the brushing technique to be sure to clean even though slowly. Avoid brushing your teeth back and forth like ironing clothes. Rub your teeth in a circular motion from top to bottom for 20 seconds for each side.

Don't forget, use a soft-bristled toothbrush. Coarse bristles can injure the gums so that it causes the gums to bleed. Also, make sure that the width of the brush head you are using fits the width of your mouth.

Remember! The diligent toothbrush is good. However, it will be better if the method is right so that the teeth and gums are always healthy.

3. Incorrect flossing technique

Cleaning your teeth just by brushing your teeth is not enough. You still need flossing, which is to clean between the hard-to-reach teeth of the brush using dental floss.

However, there are still many people who do not realize that the flossing technique is still not right. Some are too rushed or even too tight pulling threads between the teeth. The wrong way to flossing can be the cause of your gums getting injured and bleeding.

Therefore, make sure you apply the correct flossing technique. It's easy. Gently slip the thread between the gums and teeth. The thread should not be pulled tight so that it fits into the gap. Then press and slide the thread slowly. After that, gently remove the thread. Do not immediately pull the thread. Then rinse your mouth to rinse your teeth that have been cleaned.

Get used to flossing every time you finish brushing your teeth.

4. Lack of vitamins C and K

You diligently brush your teeth and flossing, also don't smoke, but the gum still has problems? It could be the cause of bleeding gums that you experience because the body lacks vitamins C and K.

Vitamins C and K are two important vitamins to help maintain healthy teeth and mouth. But unfortunately, there are still many people who lack the intake of these two vitamins.

Vitamin C has a role to increase the body's immune system so that it will be stronger against bacteria that cause gum infection. Your body also needs vitamin C intake to speed up the wound healing process. Meanwhile, vitamin K is needed by the body for the blood clotting process. Without enough vitamin K intake, you will bleed more easily even if only from a small scratch.

The second intake of this vitamin is actually easy to find in daily food. You can get vitamin C from citrus fruits such as oranges and lemons, guava, papaya, kiwi, strawberries, pineapples, and mangoes. While green leafy vegetables such as broccoli, spinach, mustard greens, cabbage, cucumber, and lettuce contain vitamin K which is quite high.

Vitamin K is also widely contained in nuts, meat, eggs, milk, and dairy products such as cheese, yogurt, and kefir.

5. Gingivitis

Gingivitis is a mouth problem that is most often the cause of bleeding gums. This condition causes the gums to become inflamed and swollen to bleed easily. Sometimes, gingivitis can also cause intense pain and pain in the problematic gums.

Gingivitis is caused by a buildup of plaque (a sticky layer containing bacteria) that covers the surface of the tooth. Plaques can appear if you are lazy to brush your teeth after eating.

Left to hold, the plaque can harden and turn into tartar. Gradually, tartar can cause inflammation of the surrounding gum tissue, making it vulnerable to bleeding.

Maintaining healthy teeth and mouth is the main key to preventing gum inflammation. Make sure you brush your teeth twice a day in the morning and evening. Choose a toothpaste that contains fluoride to help protect and maintain the strength of your teeth so you don't easily get damaged.

6. Periodontitis

Untreated gingivitis can develop into gum disease or periodontitis. In other words, periodontitis is an advanced disease of gingivitis.

Unfortunately, many people do not know that they have this disease, so their complaints are often ignored. Some people realize that they have periodontitis when their condition is already severe and have serious complications.

Periodontitis is a serious infection that damages the soft tissues and bones that support the teeth. Besides causing tooth loss or dislocation, periodontitis can also increase the risk of heart attack, stroke, and various other serious health problems.

So before it's too late, diligently check your teeth at the dentist. The dentist can immediately provide prevention or appropriate treatment if he finds potential problems in your teeth and mouth.

7. Blood clotting disorders

If you have a history of diseases related to blood clotting problems, you are more likely to experience bleeding gums. Leukemia (blood cancer), hemophilia, and thrombocytopenia are some of the blood clotting disorders that can cause your gums to bleed often.

These three diseases cause the body difficulty controlling bleeding when you have a wound. Small scratches may cause you to experience severe bleeding.

8. Hormonal changes

Hormonal changes experienced by women during puberty, pregnancy, menstruation, until menopause can affect the condition of the gums and mouth as a whole.

This is mainly triggered by changes in the hormones estrogen and progesterone during these times which can increase blood flow throughout the body, including the gums. Increased blood flow causes the gum tissue to become reddish, softened and swollen, making it easier to bleed.

These hormonal changes then also alter the body's response to poisons produced by bacteria that cause plaque. Well, because of this, women tend to be easier to experience gum disease than men.

Especially in pregnant women, changes in body hormones can contribute to weakening their immune systems so that they become more susceptible to gum infections.

9. HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)

The causes of gums often bleed can also be because you are diagnosed with HIV. Experts say PLWHA (People With HIV / AIDS) are more at risk of developing dental and mouth problems than others.

A number of mouth problems that are most often experienced by people living with HIV are bleeding gums, dry mouth, inflammation of the gums, periodontitis, thrush, oral herpes, leukoplakia, and dental caries.

Apart from the nature of the disease itself which weakens the immune system, the effect of the treatment is also so. As a result, the body of PLWHA will be more difficult to fight various types of infections. Including infections that cause dental and oral problems. This can be worsened if PLWHA also does not take good care of their teeth.

10. Diabetes

Gums that are often swollen and bleeding can be a sign that you have diabetes. Diabetes is a chronic disease affecting the entire body, including the teeth and mouth.

If you have diabetes and blood sugar levels are often out of control, you will be more susceptible to gum disease than those who are able to control their blood sugar properly. Why is that?

High blood sugar levels can weaken the immune system to fight bacteria in the mouth. As a result, dental plaque will be more easily formed which then makes the gums become inflamed and infected.

In addition, diabetes can also slow blood circulation. Especially if you also smoke. This poor blood circulation will inhibit oxygenated fresh blood supply to parts of the body that need it, including the gums. This makes it easier for you to get an infection.

11. Smoking habits

Smoking habits have been proven to damage the health of the body. Including dental and oral health. The Center for Diseases Control and Prevention (CDC) even says that active smokers can be twice as likely to develop gum disease (periodontitis) as non-smokers.

This risk arises because cigarettes contain toxins and dangerous chemicals that can trigger the growth of bad bacteria in the mouth. This makes you more prone to infections that can cause the gums to become inflamed, swollen, and eventually bleed.

Smoking also weakens the body's immune system to fight off bad bacteria that cause infection. A weak immune system can eventually make the damaged gum tissue difficult to repair. So if one day the gum is injured it will be more susceptible to bleeding and swelling.

In principle, the more cigarettes you smoke every day, the greater your risk of gum disease. Especially if this habit has been carried out for years.

Therefore, start trying to quit smoking right now.

Read Also : The Dangers of Smoking to the Body

12. Leukemia

This disease is a type of cancer, with platelets in the blood that are very low, whereas platelets function to help stop bleeding in the gums and other organs. Usually, the gums in patients with leukemia become large and thick and easily bleed. Immediately consult a dentist if your symptoms do not stop.

13. Vitamin deficiency

Bleeding gums can also be a sign that the body lacks vitamin K or vitamin C. This vitamin deficiency can occur due to eating patterns that rarely consume fruits and vegetables. Vitamin K plays an important role in preventing bleeding, especially in people who take blood-thinning drugs.

Blood-thinning drugs can inhibit the blood clotting process so the risk of bleeding becomes higher. If you see a lot of bleeding from the gums, you may not get enough vitamin K. Meanwhile, for rare cases of vitamin C it can cause bleeding gums.

14. Low platelets

Blood clotting disorders occur when you lack blood clotting factors or have a low platelet count, so it's not enough to stop bleeding when you have a wound.

Usually, low platelet counts are the result of medical conditions, such as leukemia, or certain drugs. This condition can range from mild to severe, depending on the cause. For some people, symptoms can include severe bleeding and may be fatal if left untreated.

15. Anemia

Bleeding gums can also be caused by anemia, especially pernicious anemia caused by vitamin B12 deficiency. Usually, this type of anemia is treated with injections of vitamin B12 over a prescribed period of time, until vitamin B12 levels return to the limit that is considered normal. In addition, increasing the intake of food sources of vitamin B12 or taking vitamin B12 supplements can also help overcome this condition.

Without adequate intake of vitamin B12, the body will produce abnormal red blood cells, commonly called macrocytes. These abnormal cells make red blood cells unable to enter the bloodstream. In the end, this lowers oxygen levels in the blood and can cause fatigue.

16. Cirrhosis

Cirrhosis is one of the complications of liver disease that is very severe and causes decreased liver function. The decreasing liver function triggers bleeding because the body has a lack of blood clotting factors produced in the liver. Cirrhosis can also cause other complications such as kidney disorders, hepatic encephalopathy, insulin resistance, and esophageal varices.

To diagnose cirrhosis, you can see his medical history. Long-term alcohol abuse, exposure to hepatitis C, and a family history of autoimmune diseases are signs that explain a person has a problem with his heart.

Tips for Frequent Bleeding Gums

Although the problem of gums often bleeds is often experienced by some people, but this problem is often ignored or may be considered trivial. In fact, if this problem is allowed, it can cause serious illness. Here are some tips to prevent gums from bleeding frequently, including:

  • Use a soft-bristled toothbrush and brush your teeth slowly. At least do it twice a day.
  • Perform dental flossing twice a day to prevent plaque from appearing on your teeth.
  • Visit the dentist at least every 6 months to get rid of plaque, one of the causes of gums often bleeding.
  • Rinse your mouth using mouthwash every day. Mouthwash is an antiseptic that can kill bacteria that cause gum disease. Do not use mouthwash that contains alcohol, because it can make gum problems often bleed worse.
  • Do a balanced diet. Reduce carbohydrate intake and avoid snacks between meals.
  • Don't use tobacco because it can make the gums bleed often worse.
  • Gums control often bleed by applying pressure directly to the gums using gauze that has been moistened with ice water.
  • If you have been diagnosed by a doctor experiencing a vitamin deficiency, then take a vitamin supplement.
  • Avoid aspirin, unless your doctor has recommended that the drug be safe for you.
  • If the gums often bleed due to the installation of false teeth or other incompatible dental equipment, immediately see your dentist.
  • Drink plenty of water, especially after eating. This can help wash food from the teeth and the possibility of making bacteria unable to form plaques that can cause the gums to bleed often.
  • Be careful of foods and drinks that are very hot or cold, because they can cause discomfort in your gums.
  • Try to avoid stress. Because stress can increase the hormone cortisol, which is likely to cause inflammation throughout your body, including the gums.

After knowing the causes and prevention for frequent bleeding gums, you are advised to always maintain your oral health, including gums. However, if you experience long-term or severe bleeding, your gums continue to bleed even after treatment and you have other obscure symptoms with bleeding, immediately consult your dentist.


Last Update : Oct 23, 2019



1. MedlinePlus (2019). Bleeding gums.

2. Hospital, N. (2019). Bleeding gums,  Nicklaus Children’s Hospital.

3. Fotek, I. NIH US National Library of Medicine MedlinePlus (2018). Bleeding gums. 

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Is a health and wellness enthusiast. In him free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.

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