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Causes of Frequent Bloody Gum and Tips to Prevent it

Frequent bleeding gums are a sign of gum disease. However, the gums often bleed can also indicate other health problems in you. Some of the main causes of gums often bleed are the buildup of plaque on the gum line, brushing your teeth too hard, hormonal changes during pregnancy, infection, leukemia, and others.

When you think about dental health, you might be too focused on how to prevent cavities, right? In fact, there are other things that are just as important, namely paying attention to your gum health. Gums have an important role in the health of your teeth and mouth.

Causes of Frequent Bloody Gums

In many cases, swollen and bleeding gums are a sign of gum disease. Gums are made of fine tissue, and if you brush your teeth too hard and in the wrong way, you can make the gums red and bleed. In addition to brushing your teeth too hard, there are several causes of your gums often bleeding, including:

1. Leukemia

This disease is a type of cancer, with platelets in the blood that are very low, whereas platelets function to help stop bleeding in the gums and other organs. Usually, the gums in patients with leukemia become large and thick and easily bleed. Immediately consult a dentist if your symptoms do not stop.

2. Vitamin deficiency

Bleeding gums can also be a sign that the body lacks vitamin K or vitamin C. This vitamin deficiency can occur due to eating patterns that rarely consume fruits and vegetables. Vitamin K plays an important role in preventing bleeding, especially in people who take blood thinning drugs.

Blood thinning drugs can inhibit the blood clotting process so the risk of bleeding becomes higher. If you see a lot of bleeding from the gums, you may not get enough vitamin K. Meanwhile, for rare cases of vitamin C it can cause bleeding gums.

3. Low platelets

Blood clotting disorders occur when you lack blood clotting factors, or have a low platelet count, so it's not enough to stop bleeding when you have a wound.

Usually, low platelet counts are the result of medical conditions, such as leukemia, or certain drugs. This condition can range from mild to severe, depending on the cause. For some people, symptoms can include severe bleeding and may be fatal if left untreated.

4. Anemia

Bleeding gums can also be caused by anemia, especially pernicious anemia caused by vitamin B12 deficiency. Usually this type of anemia is treated with injections of vitamin B12 over a prescribed period of time, until vitamin B12 levels return to the limit that is considered normal. In addition, increasing the intake of food sources of vitamin B12 or taking vitamin B12 supplements can also help overcome this condition.

Without adequate intake of vitamin B12, the body will produce abnormal red blood cells, commonly called macrocytes. These abnormal cells make red blood cells unable to enter the bloodstream. In the end, this lowers oxygen levels in the blood and can cause fatigue.

5. Cirrhosis

Cirrhosis is one of the complications of liver disease that is very severe and causes decreased liver function. Decreasing liver function triggers bleeding because the body has a lack of blood clotting factors produced in the liver. Cirrhosis can also cause other complications such as kidney disorders, hepatic encephalopathy, insulin resistance, and esophageal varices.

To diagnose cirrhosis, you can see his medical history. Long-term alcohol abuse, exposure to hepatitis C, and a family history of autoimmune diseases are signs that explain a person has a problem with his heart.

Tips for Frequent Bleeding Gums

Although the problem of gums often bleeds is often experienced by some people, but this problem is often ignored or may be considered trivial. In fact, if this problem is allowed, it can cause serious illness. Here are some tips to prevent gums from bleeding frequently, including:

  • Use a soft-bristled toothbrush and brush your teeth slowly. At least do it twice a day.
  • Perform dental flossing twice a day to prevent plaque from appearing on your teeth.
  • Visit the dentist at least every 6 months to get rid of plaque, one of the causes of gums often bleeding.
  • Rinse your mouth using mouthwash every day. Mouthwash is an antiseptic that can kill bacteria that cause gum disease. Do not use mouthwash that contains alcohol, because it can make gum problems often bleed worse.
  • Do a balanced diet. Reduce carbohydrate intake and avoid snacks between meals.
  • Don't use tobacco because it can make the gums bleed often worse.
  • Gums control often bleed by applying pressure directly to the gums using gauze that has been moistened with ice water.
  • If you have been diagnosed by a doctor experiencing a vitamin deficiency, then take a vitamin supplement.
  • Avoid aspirin, unless your doctor has recommended that the drug be safe for you.
  • If the gums often bleed due to the installation of false teeth or other incompatible dental equipment, immediately see your dentist.
  • Drink plenty of water, especially after eating. This can help wash food from the teeth and the possibility of making bacteria unable to form plaques that can cause the gums to bleed often.
  • Be careful of foods and drinks that are very hot or cold, because they can cause discomfort in your gums.
  • Try to avoid stress. Because stress can increase the hormone cortisol, which is likely to cause inflammation throughout your body, including the gums.


After knowing the causes and prevention for frequent bleeding gums, you are advised to always maintain your oral health, including gums. However, if you experience long-term or severe bleeding, your gums continue to bleed even after treatment and you have other obscure symptoms with bleeding, immediately consult your dentist.

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Is a health and wellness enthusiast. In him free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.

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