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Causes of Nasal Congestion and Easy Tips to Overcome It

The state of a blocked nose certainly makes you feel uncomfortable in your activities. Many causes make you experience a stuffy nose. Nasal congestion can occur when the tissues in the nose are disrupted. Disorders can be caused by irritation from breathing air pollution, either from vehicle fumes or exposure to cigarette smoke. Other causes of nasal congestion are allergies, sinusitis, and infections, for example, upper respiratory tract infections (URI) and influenza.

When you have allergies or breathe dirty air, the membranes lining the nasal passages will become inflamed. That's when the nose produces mucus to expel everything that is disturbing. It is this irritant repellent that makes the nose become blocked.

Causes of Stuffy Nose

As mentioned above, the causes of stuffy nose vary. The following is a more detailed explanation:

1. Cough and cold

Complaints of coughing and runny nose often occur because of the presence of foreign objects such as dirt, infection or inflammation that occurs in the upper airway, the nose, and throat. During a cold, your nose may become blocked. Colds usually heal on their own within 7-10 days.

2. Flu

Flu or influenza occurs because viruses attack the respiratory system, such as the nose, throat, and lungs. This condition also allows nasal congestion. Actually the flu can heal itself, but if complications occur, those complications can be dangerous.

3. Acute sinusitis

Acute sinusitis usually develops due to a cold cough. This condition can actually heal on its own within 10 days. However, when sinusitis occurs, the tissue inside the nose becomes inflamed and swells so that the nasal cavity narrows. Mucus production can also increase. These things cause nasal congestion.

4. Allergy

When allergy sufferers are exposed to allergens, the body reacts. Various things can occur due to allergic reactions. In allergic rhinitis, there is a disruption in the respiratory system, where the production of mucus in the nasal cavity can increase, which causes a reaction to sneezing or runny nose. In this condition, there is also the possibility that the nose becomes blocked.

For nasal congestion that lasts a long time, the possible causes include:

  • Allergic rhinitis
  • Pollen allergy
  • Nasal polyps (nasal congestion only side by side)
  • Chemical exposure
  • Nasal irritation due to environmental factors such as smoke or dust.
  • Tumors (usually benign, not cancer or, masses that can cause congestion if they grow on the nose)
  • Septum deviates (the nasal septum which limits between the right and left cavities that should be right in the middle, instead deviates from the right or left).
  • Cluster headaches
  • Foreign objects (most often in children) with a characteristic nasal discharge (runny nose) smell, usually only one nose.

How to treat stuffy nose

There are various ways to treat a stuffy nose. Some of these treatments can be taken to help relieve the symptoms of nasal congestion:

Take painkillers

Medications containing paracetamol or ibuprofen can help relieve pain when the nose is blocked.


Antihistamines, a treatment to relieve allergies and help reduce complaints of a stuffy nose.


The nature of this substance is to help reduce swelling of the nose due to conditions that cause nasal congestion. In addition, decongestants are available in the form of oral or oral medications and nasal decongestants that are sprayed into the nose. The nasal spray works faster than the medication, so the effect can be immediately felt.

Treating Nasal Congestion with Nasal Spray and Nasal Decongestants

1. Nasal spray or nasal spray medicine is a way to deal with nasal congestion with fluid sprayed into the nose. This method is done to make the inside of the nose become moister, so the mucus becomes thinner. Furthermore, the nose will feel more relieved.

The liquid used to spray the nose can be a salt solution. Even though it has been proven to be used to help relieve nasal congestion, you are advised to consult a doctor before making this solution to spray the nose. This is related to the right and safe dose.

2. Nasal decongestant: Oxymetazoline. This drug functions to reduce the dilation of blood vessels in the nose, thereby reducing the blockage of the nose. Oxymetazoline can work on congested noses caused by various causes, such as cold cough, flu, allergies, and sinusitis.

How to use nasal decongestants that contain oxymetazoline is quite easy and the effect is faster than the drinking drug. Spray into one of the nostrils by closing the other nostrils. Keep your head upright. Spray while breathing. Keep fluids from spraying into the eyes. Do it on the other nostril. After that, clean the tip of the spray bottle with warm water, then dry it. Store in a dry and avoid place from direct sunlight.

Don't use it too often. Its use is only recommended twice a day, every 10-12 hours. Also, pay attention to the usage time. This drug may not be used more than three days continuously.

In addition to the drugs above, there are several ways you can help reduce nasal congestion, namely:

  • Drink more fluids, so that the thickness of the mucus in the nose will decrease.
  • Breathe warm water.
  • Take a bath using warm water.
  • Wash your face with a warm towel.
  • Avoid swimming in pools containing chlorine.

Various methods above can be done to help reduce the symptoms of nasal congestion. But if you want a way to get rid of symptoms quickly and help you sleep better, maybe a nasal decongestant can be your treatment choice. Be sure to pay attention to the rules of use and the dosage, consult your doctor if the complaint continues.

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