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Causes of Reduced Mother Milk and How to Increase It

Mother's milk is the best nutrition for babies. Unfortunately, some mothers may experience a decrease in the amount of breast milk. Understanding the various causes of reduced breastfeeding can help overcome the problems that occur.

To overcome breastmilk that cannot come out or less, mothers often choose formula milk as a solution. However, formula milk cannot actually replace breast milk, especially in terms of nutrition. Breast milk contains a variety of important nutrients, one of which is an antibody that can increase the baby's immunity. In addition, breast milk is also easier to digest compared to formula milk.

Various Causes of Reduced Breast Milk

Decreasing the amount of breast milk can be seen from the reduced amount of breast milk that comes out when you milk the milk to be stored, the baby looks still hungry when breastfed, or the baby's weight that does not increase. Although in some cases, this condition is not necessarily caused by a decrease in breastmilk production, but because of improper breastfeeding techniques.

In addition, the causes of reduced breast milk can also be caused by several factors, including:

  • Too long delay to start breastfeeding.
  • Allergy and use of certain drugs.
  • Rarely breastfeeding after childbirth.
  • Have a history of diabetes.
  • Have a history of breast surgery.
  • Having hypertension during pregnancy.
  • Babies are born prematurely.
  • Postpartum bleeding.
  • Underwent a family planning program.
  • Hormonal disorders.


Lack of breast milk intake in infants can make baby's weight difficult to grow according to age. This certainly will affect baby's growth. If the baby is known not to have gained weight for some time, you should consult a doctor.

Ways to Increase Milk Production

You do not need to worry too much if your milk decreases. Because there are many ways that can be done to increase milk production, both independently and with the help of medical personnel. These methods include:

Keep trying to breastfeed your baby whenever the baby asks

Your body adjusts the milk production with your baby's milk needs. So, the more babies suckle, the more milk is produced. So, don't be afraid your milk will run out if your baby often feeds.

Breast milk that continues to be released smoothly becomes a signal for the body to continue producing milk. Continuing to breastfeed your baby when the baby wants to suckle and never miss the time to breastfeed your baby is a natural way to increase milk production.

Make sure the baby is in a good position while breastfeeding

This also affects how smoothly the body's milk is released and sucked by the baby. The position of the baby attached to the correct breast during breastfeeding can make the baby get enough milk.

Conversely, the position of breastfeeding in your wrong breast can make milk production slightly. So, babies who suckle often do not necessarily get a lot of milk because the baby's position may be wrong at the time of feeding which makes the baby suckle more often and longer to meet their needs.

When the baby attaches to your breast properly, the baby can suck all parts of the nipple of the breast, the baby can suckle well and stimulate your body to produce more milk.

Make sure you meet your nutritional needs

Not to forget, maternal nutrition must also be adequately fulfilled to increase milk production. Fulfilling your nutritional needs can help meet the nutrients your body needs and also help produce more milk. Nutritious foods that contain essential vitamins and minerals are fulfilled by you, such as fruits, green vegetables, meat, chicken, fish, eggs, and so on.

You also need to meet your fluid needs per day. You are advised to drink at least 8 glasses per day or more.

Make sure the breast is emptied properly every time you breastfeed

For breastmilk production to run optimally, make sure your breasts are completely empty before you change to the other breast while breastfeeding. If your breasts are completely empty of breast milk and after that the baby moves to the other breast, this can be a sign that the baby is sucking your breast effectively. Usually babies take at least 10 minutes to suckle in one breast.

Also make sure the baby is breastfeeding in both of your breasts every time you suckle so that the milk production in each breast is balanced. If your baby is full before the milk in your breast runs out, you should pump the remaining milk until it runs out. When the milk is left partially in your breast, the body will think that the milk produced is "excessive" so that in the next production, the hormone will reduce the production of breast milk to suit the needs. So, the more breast milk left in your breast, the less milk production will be.

Continue to stimulate your breasts

After the baby has finished breastfeeding, but you feel your baby has not emptied your breasts, you can continue to stimulate your breasts to release milk. This can be done using a breast pump or with a hand massage technique. Stimulating the breast to keep removing milk can be a sign to the body that breast milk still needs to be produced.

Make sure your baby stays awake while breastfeeding

This is done so that the baby is breastfeeding effectively. So, babies get enough nutrients they need and also you still receive stimuli from babies to produce milk. You may need to talk to the baby while breastfeeding, stroking his feet, and other efforts to keep the baby awake.

If the baby sleeps a lot and now is the time for the baby to suckle, there's no harm in waking your baby.

Get enough rest and stay away from stress

Sleep deprivation causes you to become tired and stressed. This can then affect milk production. For that, you need enough sleep. A little difficult indeed when you have a baby. However, you can get it by stealing your time. The trick is you take a nap when your baby is also asleep.

After understanding the causes of reduced breastfeeding, you can find ways to deal with it so that milk production returns smoothly. This is very important to ensure that babies can benefit from breast milk optimally as needed.



Murphy, C. Parents. 5 Surprising Things That Can Affect Your Breast Milk Supply.

Baby Center. Low milk supply.

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Is a health and wellness enthusiast. In him free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.

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