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Causes of stuffy nose and easy tips to overcome it

It seems like almost everyone has experienced stuffy nose, from infants to adulthood can be affected by this one problem and make anyone who experienced it was disturbed, especially disturbing sleep. A blocked nose may occur in one nasal cavity (nasal congestion) or it may be both.

Clogged nasal condition would make you feel uncomfortable in the move. Many causes that make you experience nasal congestion. Nasal congestion can occur when the tissue inside the nose is disrupted. Disturbance can be caused by irritation by breathing air pollution, either from vehicle fumes or cigarette smoke exposure. Other causes of nasal congestion are allergies, sinusitis, and infections, such as ARI (acute respiratory infections) and influenza.

When you are exposed to allergies or inhaling the dirty air, the membranes lining the nasal passages will become inflamed. At that moment the nose produces mucus to repel any annoying things. Slime repellent is what makes the nose become clogged.

Stuffy nose

Causes of Clogged Nose

As mentioned above, the cause of nasal congestion varies. Here's a more detailed explanation:

  • Cough and cold

Complaints of coughs and colds often occur because of foreign objects such as dirt, infection or inflammation that occurs in the upper airway, the nose and throat. At the time of the cold, your nose may get clogged. Colds usually heal by themselves within 7-10 days.

  • Flu

Flu or influenza occurs because the virus attacks the respiratory system, such as the nose, throat, and lungs. This condition also allows the nasal congestion. Actually the flu can also heal itself, but if complications occur, complications that can be dangerous.

  • Acute sinusitis

Acute sinusitis usually develops because of a cold cough. This condition can actually heal by itself within 10 days. However, when sinusitis occurs, the tissues inside the nose become inflamed and swell so that the nasal cavity narrows. The production of mucus can also increase. Those are the things that cause nasal congestion.

  • Allergy

When allergy sufferers exposed by substances that cause allergies (allergens), then the body will react. Various things can happen due to allergic reactions. In allergic rhinitis, respiratory disorders occur, in which the production of mucus in the nasal cavity may increase, leading to sneezing or runny reactions. In this condition, there is also the possibility of the nose becoming clogged.

Causes Other rare nasal congestion that is pregnancy, most often begins at the end of the first trimester. This blocked nose may be caused by hormonal fluctuations and an increase in the blood supply that occurs during pregnancy. These changes can affect the membrane of the nose, becoming inflamed, dry, or bleeding.

How to Treat a Clogged Nose

There are various ways to treat nasal congestion. Some of these types of medications can be taken to help relieve symptoms of nasal congestion:

  • Drink painkillers

Drugs with paracetamol or ibuprofen can help relieve pain when the nasal congestion.

  • Antihistamines

Antihistamines, a treatment for allergies and help reduce nasal congestion complaints.

  • Decongestants

The nature of this substance is to help reduce swelling of the nose due to conditions that cause nasal congestion. In addition, decongestants are available in the form of oral or drinking drugs and nasal decongestants sprayed into the nose. Nasal spray works faster than drinking drugs, so the effects can be felt immediately.

Treat Stuffy Nose with Nasal Spray and Nasal decongestants

Nasal spray medication is a way of overcoming a stuffy nose with a liquid sprayed onto the nose. This method is done to make the inside of the nose become more moist, so that the mucus becomes more dilute. Furthermore, the nose will feel more relieved.

The liquid used to spray the nose may be a salt solution. Although it has been proven to be used to help relieve nasal congestion, you are advised to consult a doctor before making this solution to spray the nose. It is related to the right and safe dosage.

Nasal decongestant: Oxymetazoline. This drug content serves to reduce the dilation of blood vessels in the nose, thereby reducing the blockage of the nose. Oxymetazoline can work on clogged noses caused by various causes, such as cough, cold, flu, allergies, and sinusitis.

How to use a decongestant nasal containing oxymetazoline is quite easy and the effect is faster than drinking medicine. Spray to one of the nostrils by closing the other nostrils. Position the head upright. Spray while breathing. Keep the liquid from spraying to the eyes. Do it on the other nostrils. After that, clean the tip of the spray bottle with warm water, then dry. Store in a dry place and avoid direct sun exposure.

Do not use too often. Its use is recommended only twice a day, every 10-12 hours. Note also the long usage. This drug should not be used for more than three days continuously.

In addition to the above drugs, there are several ways you can do to help relieve nasal congestion, namely:

  • Drink more fluids, so the thickness of mucus in the nose will decrease.
  • Breathe in warm water vapor.
  • The bath uses warm water.
  • Wash your face with a warm towel.
  • Avoid swimming in pools containing chlorine.
  • Try to elevate the position of the head by placing an extra pillow under the head and neck in such a way that looks half-seated position.

Various ways above can be done to help reduce symptoms of nasal congestion. But if you want a way to get rid of symptoms quickly and help you sleep better, maybe nasal decongestants can be your treatment choice. Be sure to pay attention to the rules of use and the dosage, consult your doctor if the complaint persists.

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Is a health and wellness enthusiast. In him free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.

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