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Causes of Swollen Eyes and How to Overcome Easily

Swollen eyes can be caused by many things, from fluid accumulation to severe infections. This condition can generally resolve on its own in a short time and can be treated alone. However, if the symptoms do not improve or some complaints are getting more severe to disrupt the activity, then you need to get treatment.

Swollen eyes are generally caused by edema or a buildup of excess fluid in the eyelids or connective tissue around the eyes. But many other things can trigger this condition, so how to deal with swollen eyes must be adjusted to the cause.

Various Causes of Swollen Eyes

Swollen eyes can be caused by things such as allergies, insect bites, conjunctivitis, cysts or blockage of the oil glands in the eye, as well as injuries or trauma that are often accompanied by changes in skin color. In other cases, eye irritation that is often accompanied by red eyes, itching, or vision problems can also occur when the eyes are swollen. There are times when the swollen eye is also caused by a systemic disorder that affects the whole body, such as Graves' disease or proptosis, which is a condition in which the eye protects abnormally. Generally, the most common causes of swollen eyes are prolonged crying, eye injury, and allergies.

Some other people experience swollen eyes due to chalazion cysts, inflammation of the eyelids (blepharitis), cellulitis or bacterial infection under the surface of the skin, bumps, tumors, foreign bodies in the eyes, and bacterial or viral infections.

Swollen eyes accompanied by itching are often caused by allergies. This condition needs treatment so that the symptoms are resolved. Swelling mainly occurs because of the itching that drives you to rub the eyes. If too much rubbed, the eyes will be more swollen and at risk of infection and festering.

Read Also : Causes of Swollen Feet and Easy Ways to Overcome It

Swollen Eye Treatment at Home

Below are some things that can be done alone to overcome swollen eyes.

  • Compress the eye with a soft cloth soaked in cold, clean water. You can also place bags of ice on your eyes for 15 minutes, once an hour.
  • For certain cases, such as cysts and staples, warm compresses can help smooth the glands in the oil. The compress can be done 4-5 times a day.
  • Rinse eyes with saline solution, especially if the eyes discharge or after exposure to foreign matter.
  • Remove the lens if you wear contact lenses.
  • At night, raise your head on a pillow to reduce the risk of fluid buildup.
  • Caffeine can help reduce swelling. Place the tea bags that have been wet and cooled, in closed eyes.
  • Swollen eyes due to allergies can be treated with antihistamine eye drops. However, severe allergies need to be treated by a doctor.
  • Avoid pressing eye pimples or solving boils on the eyes.
  • Avoid doing sports or activities that are at risk of worsening swollen eyes.
  • Use eye protection when traveling out of the house.
  • Clean the eyes with gentle baby shampoo. How to wipe the baby shampoo in the hand, mix with water until foamy, then wipe the eyes with foam. Gently massage the eyes for a few moments, then rinse with clean water.

Meanwhile, if the swollen eyes have subsided, to prevent the eyes from swelling back, you can try to take preventive measures such as:

  • Wash pillowcases and replace them with clean ones.
  • Avoid face and/or eyes from triggers of inflammation such as makeup.
  • If swollen eyes are caused by beauty products, replace them with other safer products.
  • Use eye drops that do not contain preservatives.
  • Avoid rubbing your eyes. This habit can make the eyes more red, itchy, and swollen due to infection. Keep your hands clean by washing your hands regularly.
  • If the eye is swollen due to allergies, avoid consuming or being exposed to allergens.

Keep in mind, symptoms on swollen eyes accompanied by visual disturbances, fever, difficulty or unable to move the eyeball, nausea, vomiting, severe headaches, history of injury or exposure to chemicals, contact lens wear, frequent recurrence or appear due to allergic reactions accompanied by shortness of breath are conditions that need to be dealt with immediately.

Read Also : Causes of swollen lymph nodes



  1. American Academy of Ophthalmology. Black Eye.
  2. Stöppler, M. Medicine Net (2017). Swollen Eyes: Symptoms & Signs.

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