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 Illustration of Swollen Feet

Causes of Swollen Feet and Easy Ways to Overcome It

The swelling of the feet makes it difficult for us to move. Find out what causes it to avoid disrupting your activities.

In medical science, swollen feet are usually caused by edema or the buildup of fluid in the body, precisely at the feet. Swelling of the feet is affected by a person's health condition. Patients with kidney and heart disease will generally experience swelling of the legs.

What are the signs of swollen feet?

Swollen feet may be a common condition and need not worry. However, swollen feet can be a sign of danger and need to be addressed immediately by a doctor if:

  • You have heart or kidney disease and experience swelling
  • You have liver disease and have swelling in your legs
  • The area is red swollen and feels warm to the touch
  • Your body temperature is higher than normal
  • You are pregnant and experience sudden or severe swelling
  • You have tried treatment at home, but it didn't work
  • Your swelling is getting worse

In some cases, your symptoms can get worse, such as:

  • Pain, pressure, or tightness in the chest area
  • Dizzy
  • Daze
  • Feel dizzy or faint
  • Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath

There may be signs and symptoms not mentioned above. If you have concerns about certain symptoms, consult your doctor.

Here are some things that cause swollen feet:

Lymphedema. Medical conditions due to disorders of the lymph vessels that inhibit the circulation of fluid in the legs. As a result, fluid builds up and makes the feet swell.

Injury. Swelling of the legs can occur due to injuries to the feet and ankles. When an ankle is injured or missteps, a ligament (a flexible band that connects bones to bones) will stretch beyond normal limits. This causes swollen feet.

Has a disease. Swollen feet can indicate that a person has kidney, heart or liver disease. When the kidneys are disrupted or cannot function properly, fluid can accumulate in the legs which result in swelling.

Venous Insufficiency. Swollen feet can be your first symptom of venous insufficiency, a condition when blood cannot move up from a vein in the leg to the heart. This results in swelling of the legs. If left untreated, this condition can cause skin ulcers, infections, and skin changes.

Pregnancy. Swollen feet in pregnant women are normal. This happens because a large blood vessel in the groin receives pressure from a baby in the womb whose body is getting bigger. That is why in the last months of pregnancy there will generally be swelling of the legs.

Drug side effects. Some medications can cause swollen feet including diabetes medications, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, antidepressant drugs, steroid drugs, drugs for blood pressure, and oral contraceptive use.

However, swollen feet in pregnant women should still be aware of, especially if the calves also swell and leave a curve when pressed. If this condition occurs in the third trimester of pregnancy, there is a possibility that you have preeclampsia.

In addition, you also need to be vigilant if the swelling only occurs on one leg and the calves are reddened. This can be a symptom of a blood clot in a blood vessel.

Infection. Swollen feet due to infection are more often experienced by people with diabetes and who have nerve problems in the legs. So, if you suffer from the disease, you need to really pay attention to the condition of your feet, especially when there are abrasions and cuts.

Blood clots. Blood clots in the blood vessels in the legs will cause blood flow from the legs to the heart to be blocked. Frozen blood buildup can trigger swollen feet.

Other causes. Women who are in their menstrual cycle may experience swollen legs. In addition, standing for too long, driving a car or traveling by plane for long periods of time can also be a trigger factor for swelling in the legs.

How to deal with swollen feet

Swollen feet are a very common health condition. This condition can afflict patients of any age. However, you can prevent it by reducing existing risk factors. Some things you can do to deal with swollen feet, namely:

  • Rest your feet in a higher place. This can also reduce swelling. You can put a high pillow when you sleep or rest your feet on the wall.
  • Soak the feet with Epsom salt. Soaking the feet with cold water that has been mixed with Epsom salt for 15-20 minutes can reduce swelling in the feet.
  • Limit salt intake. Limiting salt intake to only one teaspoon per liver can help reduce fluid buildup in the legs.
  • Regular exercise. Exercise can improve your blood circulation, so it can prevent you from swollen feet. Conversely, sitting or standing in one place for a long time can increase the risk of swollen feet. Movement of your feet every few minutes when sitting or standing for a long time.
  • Lose weight. Losing weight can reduce swelling in the legs and make you healthier.

If you have done this, but the swelling in your legs has not diminished too, you should consult a doctor. This may be caused by a serious problem, such as heart disease, kidney, liver, or side effects from the drug, which need to be treated by a doctor.

If your swelling is related to lifestyle habits or minor injuries, your doctor will likely give you swollen foot medication that can be done at home. The medicine for swollen feet can begin with resting, improving food intake, and so on.

If your swelling is a result of another underlying health condition, the doctor will first try to treat the specific condition.

Swelling can be reduced by prescription drugs, such as diuretics. However, this swollen foot medication using a prescription can cause side effects and is usually only used if treatment at home is not successful.

In serious cases, your doctor may perform surgery to deal with the swelling that you are experiencing.

Treatment at home can be done

There are several ways to deal with swollen feet in the house including:

  • Raise your feet whenever you lie down. The foot must be raised so that it is higher than the heart. You might want to put a pillow under your feet to make it more comfortable.
  • Stay active and focus on stretching and moving your legs.
  • Reduce your salt intake, which can reduce the amount of fluid that can accumulate in the legs.
  • Avoid wearing garters and other types of tight clothing around your thighs.
  • If you are overweight or obese, try to lose the ideal weight according to your height.
  • Wear compression stockings or socks.
  • Stand or walk at least once every hour, especially if you remain seated or standing for a long time.
  • If the cause of your swollen feet is due to the side effects of using certain drugs, you should immediately consult a doctor. Never stop, reduce, or add a dose of medication without the doctor's permission. The doctor will provide a choice of other drugs that are suitable for your condition.

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Is a health and wellness enthusiast. In him free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.

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