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Causing death: Recognize 5 mental dangerous disorders

Mental disorders or psychiatric disorders are still one of the most significant problems in the world. According to data from the World Health Organization (WHO), about 35 million people are depressed, 60 million people suffer from bipolar, 21 million people struggle with schizophrenia, and 47.5 million people with dementia.

The more severe the problem of life, today more and more people are experiencing mental disorders and the number continues to grow. If the handling is too late, this condition becomes a serious mental illness even though everyone must be reluctant to experience this. Psychiatric disorders are sometimes inevitable because behavior, mindset and mood will be affected in general.

The characteristics of people with mental disorders or mental illness may be different, but there are still common symptoms that can be observed, such as a bad mood that can then be drastically happy, or otherwise. Another feature that is so visible is how a person can then become very angry that is exposed to violence, withdraws from social life, has a feeling of excessive fear, and delusional experience.

Here are five serious mental disorders that can endanger the sufferer:


1. Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder, in which the patient interprets the reality abnormally. This psychiatric disorder can cause hallucinations, delusions, and thought patterns and behaviors that can interfere with daily functioning. Schizophrenia is a long-term condition that requires lifelong management.

According to a study published in 2007 at the National Library of Medicine of the National Institute of Health, the United States, schizophrenia has long been associated with an increased risk of attempted suicide.

Suicide can be said to be the leading cause of death in people with schizophrenia. Several studies indicate a range of 5-13 percent of patients die from suicide, even more likely to be higher.

Schizophrenic patients are at higher risk for suicide attempts, up to 8 times. In addition, schizophrenic patients are also known to have a higher risk of dying from illnesses such as respiratory disorders.

Prevention of suicide attempts in patients is often difficult because their actions and behaviors are very difficult to predict and impulsive. It is important for medical officers, family members, and friends of schizophrenia to know some of the risk factors of attempted suicide. It is also important to recognize what environmental situations are commonly encountered during suicide attempts.

A schizophrenic person has a higher risk of suicide if he has been able to do everything well before being diagnosed with schizophrenia. Usually depression occurs after he is diagnosed with schizophrenia. The risk increases if he has a history of consuming alcohol or other substance abuse, and has done previous suicide attempts.

A Canadian study published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal, said that schizophrenic patients risk 3-fold death and tend to die young. Quoted from the Boldsky page, the study looked at the number of deaths in Ontario, Canada, during the years 1993-2012, with the death toll of more than 1.6 million.

Based on these data, 31,349 deaths from schizophrenia were women, younger, and lived in low-income environments. In addition, people with mental disorders died eight years earlier than the general population. The age of death also increased from an average of 64.7 years to 67.4 years from 1993 to 2012.

2. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

PTSD is a mental disorder that can occur after a person has experienced a traumatic event such as sexual harassment, war, natural disaster, terrorist attack, serious accident, and others. Not all people who experience a traumatic event will experience PTSD. But there have been instances where PTSD has a tendency, such as child sexual abuse and violence.

PTSD has a lifetime prevalence, between 8-10 percent, and is followed by a social inability to function. In war situations, the prevalence of individuals with PTSD increases by up to 30 percent. In addition, women are at higher risk of developing PTSD than men. This is because more sexual abuse is experienced by women.

Usually the patient has experienced or witnessed traumatic events, even life-threatening. It also experiences the same incessant events with various perceptions, can be a vision, a dream, an illusion, a hallucination, or a flashback.

If not treated properly, PTSD can cause severe psychiatric complications such as schizophrenia or attempted suicide. Another thing that can be caused is a sleep disorder settled or low self-esteem. Ultimately this can trigger a variety of symptoms of psychosis or other psychiatric disorders that can end in death.

3. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

OCD is a chronic behavioral disorder that causes the sufferer to have no control over obsessive thoughts and compulsive or repetitive behaviors. This disorder was once categorized in anxiety disorder, but now it has become its own category.

Not all understand exactly what is OCD. Most assume that sufferers are those who are crazy about cleanliness and regularity, often repeating certain activities to make sure everything is as it should be. Actually this assumption is not wrong, but OCD coverage is broader than that.

Not only the contamination of bacteria or germs that become obsessed OCD sufferers, Medscape website mentions other forms of obsession. According to the site, things that become obsessions such as salvation, doubts about one's memory or perception, fear of breaking rules, the need to organize things symmetrically, and disruptive and unintended sexual thoughts.

The most common compulsive forms are self-cleaning, checking, counting, organizing objects, touching things, gathering certain objects, and making lists. All this is usually done repeatedly to relieve anxiety or obsession that arise.

If left untreated, depressed feelings can get worse and make the patient more difficult to control OCD, which can lead to depression. A severe level of depression can lead to a suicidal urge.

4. Bipolar

Bipolar disorder is one type of psychiatric disorder characterized by extreme changes or mood disorders. These changes or disorders can be depression (excessive sadness) and manic (excessive happiness) that occur interchangeably.

This bipolar disorder is episodes that last for several days to several months. Outside episodes of mood disorder, the sufferer is in a normal state.

It is said by doctors, symptoms of bipolar disorder include:

  • Depressed, seeming to lose interest, moody, tired, and withdraw from the environment for several weeks to a matter of months. Its social function is clearly disrupted.
  • Experiencing beads, that is mood enhancement, speaking very fast, and often jumping from one idea to another quickly, consciously happy to waste money even if not having a lot of money / Visible behavior wants to please everyone.
  • These two things happen alternately, within weeks to months. This condition disturbs the social function of the patient clearly, for example, his work is neglected.

 Bipolar sign

Patients with bipolar disorder have a high risk of committing suicide if they do not receive appropriate treatment. As many as 75 percent of men suffering from depression committed suicide, while in women the risk of suicide so 2 times greater than men.

According to research from the University of Washington, USA, in 2009 published in the journal Psychiatric Services, bipolar disorder can increase the increased early deaths due to medical illness. In the past, suicide was the leading cause of premature death in people with bipolar disorder. However, this study found evidence that the cause of death in bipolar sufferers is increasingly dominated by certain medical conditions.

This study notes several possible causes of the high risk of premature death in people with bipolar disorder. Starting from an unhealthy diet, overeating, lacking or not exercising, smoking habits, to substance abuse. In addition, due to the lack of social interaction, social deprivation, homelessness, lack of access to health care, to psychiatric failure in dealing with the patient's medical condition, or delaying medical treatment.

Abnormal biological conditions are also associated with bipolar disorder. This condition is thought to decrease the body's resistance and axis-hypothalamus-pituitary-gonad activity, which is a system that controls many body processes. Bipolar disorder is also known to increase the activity of the sympathetic nervous system, which can trigger a fight-or-flight response to stress.

5. Anorexia

Anorexia is an eating disorder characterized by rejection to maintain the weight that it considers healthy. Patients also experience excessive fear of weight gain due to aberrant self-image.

Self-image in anorexia nervosa patient is influenced by deviation pattern in assessing a situation. This condition affects the way a person thinks and evaluates his body and food.

Keep in mind that eating disorders include one of the mental disorders. Within the group of eating disorders, there are a number of the following conditions:

  • Anorexia nervosa (anorexia or away from food)
  • Bulimia nervosa (spewing food)
  • Binge-eating disorder
  • Compulsive overeating (hungry eyes)
  • Emotional eating (hungry heart)
  • Yoyo syndrome (weight loss)
  • Social eater (a feeding impulse arises when shared with others)


The cause of this disorder is not known for certain, but according to the NHS report there are several indicators that become the trigger, among others:

Psychological factors: the tendency to be depressed, anxious, difficult to handle stress, excessive worry, overly restrictive diet program, difficulty controlling emotions, or obsessing having a thin body.

Environmental factors: society and the media tend to judge ideal and beautiful women are lean. While minor physical imperfections such as chubby or cellulite cheeks are a bad thing. Other environmental factors that contribute to anorexia include stress, stress and intimidation in schools or workplaces (especially about weight and ideal body shape).

Biological and genetic factors: changes in brain function or hormone levels can also trigger anorexia. For example the influence on the part of the brain that controls the appetite that can cause feelings of anxiety and guilt after a meal.

Anorexia is also known to have the highest mortality rate from other psychiatric illnesses. A 2003 study found that people with anorexia were 56 times more likely to commit suicide than those who did not have anorexia.

Another study reported in the Archives of General Psychiatry in 2011, states that people who have eating disorders will result in high mortality rates, especially those who have anorexia nervosa or anorexic. The level of food-related disorders will focus on death in anorexic patients.

Jon Arcelus, LMS, M.Sc., MRCPsych., Ph.D., of the Leicester Central General Hospital, UK, analyzed the association with the level of eating disorders that resulted in death. The researchers examined 36 studies of food disorders that resulted in death. The result, almost all the cause is anorexia nervosa. The study involved 17,272 patients with food disorders, and a total of 755 patients experienced rapid and high mortality.

Researchers acknowledge that some of the deaths in his study were due to factors from eating disorders. They found that mortality in eating disorders, particularly anorexia nervosa, was higher than some other mental disorders, such as schizophrenia and depression. In addition, the factor of the onset of eating disorders may be a combined factor that ultimately results in anorexia nervosa ending in death.

Mental disorders are a serious problem

Based on data from the World Federation of Mental Health, every 40 seconds someone somewhere in the world dies due to suicide. In fact, 1 out of every 4 adults will experience mental health problems at some point in his life. Unfortunately, they received little attention. Even often do not get psychological support if the disorder occurs in an emergency.

According to a statement from the Ministry of Health, up to now mental health has often received less attention due to several things:

  • Ignorance of the community about the importance of maintaining mental health
  • Lack of public awareness
  • There is still stigma and discrimination in people with psychiatric problems.


Lots of people with mental disorders who want to end his life. To prevent this requires close cooperation between individuals, families, communities, professionals, and governments to address this issue. If you or someone you know suffers from a mental disorder, seek professional mental health assistance such as a psychologist or psychiatrist or go to a mental health clinic.

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Is a health and wellness enthusiast. In him free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.

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