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Dangerous Food for Pregnant Women

Without realizing it, there are several types of dangerous foods for pregnant women that should not be consumed. These foods are considered dangerous because they are contaminated with bacteria, parasites, or contain certain ingredients that are considered to threaten the safety of the mother and fetus in the womb.

Pregnant women need to pay attention to every food intake they consume, including knowing dangerous foods that should not be consumed. This is because every food that pregnant women consume will affect the health of the fetus in the womb.

Beware of Contaminated Foods

Foods that pregnant women consume can be dangerous if they have been contaminated with bacteria and parasites, such as:

Listeria monocytogenes

Listeria monocytogenes is a bacterium that can be found in soil and water. These bacteria can contaminate plants and animals, so pregnant women must ensure that the fruits, vegetables, and meat consumed are properly kept clean.

If pregnant women are infected with this bacterium (listeriosis), symptoms can be felt such as fever, fatigue, muscle pain, and sore throat. Listeriosis infection in pregnant women is dangerous, because these bacteria can easily enter the placenta, so there is a possibility to threaten the survival of the womb. Babies are at risk for premature birth, death in the womb, and miscarriage.

Toxoplasma Gondii

Toxoplasma gondii is a parasite that causes toxoplasmosis infection. This infection can occur if pregnant women consume undercooked meat that has been contaminated with the parasite toxoplasma gondii. In addition, exposure to cat feces that have been infected with the toxoplasma gondii parasite can also make pregnant women infected with toxoplasmosis.

Symptoms of this infection can be fatigue, fever, headache, swollen lymph nodes, and muscle aches. Toxoplasmosis can result in miscarriage or the baby dies in the womb. For babies born after getting this infection in the womb, there is a possibility that the baby suffers from serious conditions such as eye infections, jaundice, convulsions, and an enlarged liver and spleen.

Dangerous Food Materials for Pregnant Women

In addition to being aware of the causes of contamination of foods that are dangerous for pregnant women, some of the foods below also need to be avoided because they risk interfering with pregnancy:

1. Raw eggs

Pregnant women must ensure that the eggs consumed are cooked evenly before consuming them. This is because raw eggs or as mature as consumption mothers can contain Salmonella bacteria.

Even though it does not harm the fetus directly, consumption of eggs that have been contaminated with Salmonella can make pregnant women experience indigestion in the form of diarrhea and vomiting. This condition risks making pregnant women dehydrated which is certainly dangerous for pregnancy.

2. Sea fish

Pregnant women must be careful to choose fish that are consumed, because some types of marine fish contain high mercury. Fish should be avoided, including mackerel, swordfish, tuna and marlin fish.

Research says, excessive exposure to mercury in pregnant women can interfere with the development of the brain and nervous system of the baby. It can even affect children's vision, motor skills, language, and cognitive.

If indeed pregnant women want to eat sea fish, choose fish or seafood with low mercury levels such as shrimp, sardines, sea tilapia, and salmon. However, the dose is still limited, which is no more than 340 grams per week.

3. Raw meat

One dangerous food for pregnant women is raw meat. Foods containing raw meat such as sushi, sashimi, and half-cooked steaks, need to be avoided during pregnancy for the health of the fetus in the womb.

All meat that pregnant women consume must be cooked until it is thoroughly cooked to avoid contamination and food poisoning due to Salmonella, Campylobacter, E. coli, and parasite bacteria.

4. Some types of cheese

Some types of cheese are made from milk that does not go through the pasteurization process, this risks risking pregnancy. In addition, cheese like this is also considered not safe for consumption because it tends to be more moist, so that listeria bacteria can grow and develop.

If pregnant women want to eat cheese, choose hard and dry textured cheese, such as parmesan cheese or cheddar. Pregnant women can also choose soft textured cheeses made from pasteurized milk such as ricotta cheese, paneer, mozzarella, or cottage.

5. Liver

Pregnant women need to be more careful in consuming liver or foods that contain liver during pregnancy. This is because the content of vitamin A in the liver is very high, so it can harm the fetus in the womb if consumed in excess.

The heart can still be consumed by pregnant women, it's just not too much or too often. The safe limit for consuming liver for pregnant women is once a month with a reasonable portion.

6. Vegetables and fruits that are not cleaned or raw

Be sure to always wash vegetables and fruits thoroughly under running water. Also avoid eating fruits or vegetables that have been damaged, broken, or bruised because bacteria can develop in the area.

7. Raw Dough

When you want to make a cake or bread, sometimes taste it to make sure it tastes good. Apparently, this should not be done because the dough must use eggs. If this raw mixture is tasted as little as possible, salmonella bacteria can enter the body.

Salmonella itself can be a source of various diseases for the mother and child in the womb. For that, avoid tasting raw dough during pregnancy to be the best decision.

It is important for pregnant women to eat nutritious foods and avoid various foods that are considered dangerous. If pregnant women are still hesitant about the food consumed, do not hesitate to ask about the safety of the obstetrician, while being in control of pregnancy. By following the advice of a doctor, the health of pregnant women and the fetus in the womb can be maintained.



1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2012). U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. Listeria (Listeriosis).

2. NHS Choice UK (2018). How Can I Avoid Food Poisoning During Pregnancy?

3. Web MD (2019). Foods to Avoid in Pregnancy.

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Is a health and wellness enthusiast. In him free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.

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