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Dangers of asthma in pregnant women

Asthma is a disease related to the respiratory tract. If a person has this disease, it will feel difficult or tight to breathe and sometimes there is also a sound when breathing. For people who are not pregnant, asthma is dangerous especially for people who are pregnant. Pregnant people carry out the mandate of their health and the health of the baby being conceived so that asthma is more dangerous if experienced by pregnant women.

Asthma is the most common chronic disease in pregnancy. It can even be experienced by women who previously had no history of asthma.

During pregnancy, asthma can not only endanger the health of the mother, but also the fetus. This disorder can clearly interfere with the oxygen supply needed by the fetus. In the end, this condition can affect its development in the womb.

The effects of pregnancy on women who have asthma are difficult to predict. About 1/3 of women have improvement, 1/3 of women have no changes, and 1/3 of other women experience worsening.

A study says, usually asthma symptoms will worsen during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy. Other studies reveal, the worst symptoms of asthma appear at 24 and 36 weeks of gestation and after that the symptoms will continue to subside, up to 90% of pregnant women do not have asthma symptoms during labor.

Risk of asthma during pregnancy

Asthma pregnant women especially if it has been severe not only threatens the life of the pregnant mother, but also threatens the lives of prospective babies in the womb. Respiratory babies inside are strongly influenced by the breathing of the mother because the baby gets oxygen from his mother. Asthma that occurs in a relatively long time will be able to break the breathing of pregnant women so that it has a negative impact on the fetus that is conceived as well.

Asthma is indeed very dangerous for pregnant women, so pregnant women must remain vigilant with this disease. Do first aid with an oxygen suction device if you are calm, then take medication to treat or prevent asthma from coming back.

Most pregnant women underestimate the asthma suffered, even though according to the doctors it is best to quickly report to the doctor so that actions and treatments can be taken so as not to cause a worse risk to the mother or prospective baby, because asthma can indeed be a bad risk for maternal health and fetal health. Risks that you can experience if asthma is not controlled during pregnancy, namely:

Risk to mother:

  • Preeclampsia
  • Hypertension in pregnancy
  • Uterine bleeding
  • Premature labor
  • Risk to the fetus:


Congenital abnormalities in infants:

  • Low birth weight babies
  • Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) - fetal development is inhibited
  • Low blood sugar, seizures, and the frequency of rapid breathing in newborns
  • Fetal death in the womb
  • Newborn death

Handling asthma during pregnancy

Basically, treating asthma in pregnant women is the same as in women who are not pregnant. Pregnant women with asthma need to be given medication therapy for airway inflammation control and drug relief during an asthma attack.

Budenoside is a type of inhaled corticosteroid drug that is considered the safest to be used as a controller of asthma inflammation in pregnancy. Meanwhile, when an asthma attack occurs, the most commonly used safe drug is salbutamol. Of course the use must be under the supervision of a doctor.

In addition, it is very important to monitor the movement of the fetus in the womb. Like, is there a decrease in the intensity of fetal kick movements. You should be more vigilant when experiencing an asthma attack and feel a decrease in fetal movements, which could be an emergency sign.

Then, there are several things that you must pay attention to when you have asthma while pregnant, namely:

  • Perform lung function checks every month, by a doctor.
  • Monitor fetal movements every day after 28 weeks of gestation.
  • Perform routine ultrasound examinations.
  • Pregnant women who have gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) should prevent its recurrence because it can trigger asthma.
  • Avoid the flu, because this disease can trigger asthma. Perform influenza vaccination that can be done between trimesters 1–3.
  • Avoid irritant substances that can trigger asthma, such as cigarette smoke, dust, and other precipitating substances.
  • Get allergic therapy for people who have a history of allergies. Allergies are often associated with asthma.


It is very important for you to treat asthma regularly while pregnant. Body health during pregnancy must be maintained, because for the good of you and prospective baby in the womb.

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Is a health and wellness enthusiast. In him free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.

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