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Dangers of calcium deficiency in children

Calcium is a substance that is needed by the body because it can form a process of optimal growth and development of children. Forming bones so that they are always strong can be maintained with calcium and vitamin D intake. Without calcium, muscles cannot contract properly, blood cannot freeze, and nerves cannot carry messages.

Ensuring that a child's calcium needs are adequately fulfilled is important. Because, calcium is one of the minerals needed by the body to support the growth of children.

The impact of calcium deficiency is very diverse, ranging from growth disorders to an increased risk of disease in children. Therefore, it is important for parents to pay attention to children's calcium intake from an early age.

Function of Calcium for Child Growth and Development

Many roles have calcium in supporting the child's growth and development. Here are some of them:

  • Form strong and healthy bones

Calcium is known as a mineral that is very important for bone health. In childhood, calcium acts as a foundation for bone strength later on. Children whose calcium needs are met well will have healthy and strong bones during adulthood.

  • Optimizing the performance of heart organs

Both in adults and children, calcium affects the performance of the heart in the process of contraction and relaxation of the heart muscle. If calcium needs are adequately fulfilled, the heart can work optimally in pumping blood throughout the body.

  • An important role in carrying out bodily functions

The body needs calcium to circulate blood throughout the body, move muscles, release hormones, to carry messages from the brain to be conveyed to other parts of the body.

Beware of the Bad Impact of Calcium Deficiency

The function of calcium in the body of the developing child can run properly, if the child's daily calcium needs can be fulfilled properly. If unfulfilled, the child can experience:

  • Not optimal growth

Children who have insufficient calcium intake will experience less than optimal growth, including their height. Children who lack calcium will usually be shorter, when compared to children whose calcium needs are met properly.

  • Suffering from bone abnormalities

Calcium and vitamin D deficiency in children can cause rickets. This disease is characterized by soft and brittle bone texture. In addition, the child's growth will be hampered, and muscle pain or weakness can occur.

  • Risk of osteoporosis in old age

Children whose calcium needs are not fulfilled properly are more at risk for fractures. The possibility of having osteoporosis in old age will also be greater.

What parents need to pay attention to is the need for calcium in children is different from adults. The need for calcium increases with age. In children aged 1-3 years, the need for calcium is 700 mg per day. While at the age of 4-8 years, calcium needs increase to 1000 mg per day. Then at the age of 9-18 years, increasing again to 1300 mg per day.

Milk as the Best Source of Calcium in Children

To avoid the adverse effects of calcium deficiency in children, make sure that the child's calcium needs are adequately fulfilled. This can be done by eating foods and drinks that contain calcium, because the body cannot produce calcium itself. Foods and drinks that contain calcium are varied. However, milk can be the right choice in meeting calcium needs in children. Because, the content of calcium in milk is easier to absorb than the other foods and drinks.

The source of calcium that is easily absorbed by the body in food can be obtained from green leaf vegetables in the form of broccoli, spinach, mustard greens, papaya leaves, cassava leaves, pumpkin leaves. It can also be in the form of seeds obtained from walnuts, sesame, almonds, and legumes (and preparations) such as soybeans, red beans, polo beans.

Ensuring that calcium needs are met properly from childhood is important. But keep in mind, you also have to make sure your child's vitamin D needs are met, because vitamin D plays a role in the process of calcium absorption in the body. If necessary, consult a pediatrician further, in order to get recommendations for the best way to meet the child's calcium needs. If necessary, consult a pediatrician further, in order to get recommendations for the best way to meet the child's calcium needs.



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