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Dangers of Pesticides for Health

Pesticides are chemicals that are used to control pests. But the effects of pesticides not only affect pests but are also harmful to human health. Health problems caused by exposure to pesticides can include nerve damage, skin and eye irritation, and cancer.

Pesticides are the main weapon in eradicating pests that attack agriculture and pests that cause disease. Besides being used in fields, pesticides are also available in our homes. Examples of poisons used to eradicate mice, cockroaches, mosquitoes, or pet fleas.

Although it is considered effective for eradicating pests, pesticides can also be toxic to other organisms, including humans. Therefore, the procedures for use, storage, and disposal must be considered.

Negative Effects of Pesticides for Health

Pesticides often stick to the food we consume, for example, apples, pears, strawberries, potatoes, grapes, celery, spinach, lettuce, and kale. Pesticides that enter the body will damage body cells and disrupt the function of organs. Eye irritation, skin irritation, difficulty breathing, dizziness, headache, nausea, and vomiting can be directly felt by those who in direct contact with pesticides. Exposure to high-dose pesticides can even cause death.

If used in the long term, exposure to pesticides risks creating several health problems for humans, as below.


There have been many studies linking pesticides to the appearance of tumors and the increased risk of cancer. Cancer of the kidneys, skin, brain, lymphoma, breast, prostate, liver, lungs, and leukemia, are some types of cancer that may be caused by exposure to pesticides in the long term. Agricultural workers are the most vulnerable to this risk.

Reproductive disorders

Hormone disorders caused by pesticides can cause a decrease in sperm production. In addition, women who often come into contact with pesticides also tend to be infertile and at risk of giving birth prematurely.

Pregnancy disorders and fetal development

Pesticides contain chemicals that can damage the nervous system. Therefore pregnant women are advised to avoid exposure to pesticides, especially in the first trimester of pregnancy. Why? Because in the first three months the fetal nervous system develops rapidly. If exposed, the risk of defects in the fetus, miscarriage, and complications of pregnancy will increase.

Parkinson's disease

Research shows that pesticides are thought to increase the risk of Parkinson's disease. The more frequently exposed, the higher the risk. This is because poisons in pesticides can damage the body's nerves, especially if they have been exposed in the long term.

Risk of early puberty

Chemicals in pesticides are thought to increase the production of testosterone which can cause early puberty in boys.

Hormonal changes

Fruits and vegetables that contain pesticides when consumed in the long run will result in hormonal and reproductive system changes. In men, it causes demasculinization (loss of masculine character) and in women causes definitions (changes in sexual orientation).

Reduce concentration

Exposure to pesticides can cause your body's stamina to decrease so that your stamina and concentration are also reduced.

How to get rid of pesticides

In order for pesticides remnants not to harm the body, food processing factors are decisive. We can remove the remaining pesticides from fruits and vegetables by washing them clean. In addition, peeling fruit skin can also be done to remove residual pesticides and bacterial sources of disease. Unfortunately, this method also has the potential to eliminate the valuable nutrients in these fruits.

Another solution you can do is wash fruits and vegetables with a baking soda solution. Research shows that this method is more effective at removing residual pesticides than just washing them with water.

Since pesticides are still familiar in our lives, the best way to avoid negative effects is to avoid direct exposure to pesticides. Use personal protection such as masks and gloves when using pesticides, to minimize exposure.

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Is a health and wellness enthusiast. In him free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.

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