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Difference Between Baby Blues Syndrome and Postpartum Depression

Pregnancy and childbirth are events that cause major changes in a mother. Not surprisingly, psychological disorders are very vulnerable to occur to mothers who have just given birth. Data says, more than 70% of new mothers give birth to psychic disorders, which can be in the form of baby blues syndrome or postpartum depression.

Although both psychological disorders in new mothers, baby blues syndrome and postpartum depression have different symptoms and effects.

Do every mother experience this?

Although these two types of psychological disorders often occur, not all mothers experience them. As many as 30-75 percents of women can experience the baby blues after giving birth. While as many as one in seven women can experience postpartum depression. The risk of experiencing depression will also increase in mothers who have experienced anxiety and depression during pregnancy, experience events that make them depressed during pregnancy, lack of social support, have had a history of depression before, or have family members who have experienced depression.

Baby blues syndrome

Baby blues syndrome is a disorder of adaptation experienced by new mothers. This condition usually occurs within a few days to two weeks after giving birth.

A mother who experiences baby blues syndrome is characterized by fatigue, sadness that is not clear the cause, and excessive stress. This usually happens because the mother is shocked by various unexpected changes. In addition, husbands who are less sensitive to wives who have just given birth can also increase the risk of baby blues syndrome.

A mother who experiences baby blues syndrome can still take care of her baby optimally even though she is often exhausted or feeling overly sad. Even so, this condition must still be overcome.

If ignored, baby blues syndrome can continue to become postpartum depression. In fact, one in seven new mothers has experienced this disorder.

Postpartum depression

Postpartum depression is an advanced stage of baby blues syndrome. The risk of this condition is very high if the mother lacks time to sleep, nutrient intake is not fulfilled, does not get the husband's support, or there are health problems in the baby.

Unlike baby blues syndrome, postpartum depression can cause symptoms, namely:

  • Mothers are not confident in caring for babies
  • Mother has difficulty sleeping even though the baby is asleep
  • Mothers become irritable about trivial matters
  • Mother doesn't want to see her baby again
  • In severe conditions, the mother can have an idea of suicide.

This is the solution

Although this psychological disorder often occurs in new mothers, baby blues syndrome and postpartum depression can be overcome and prevented. To overcome this syndrome, mothers must be given a lot of time to rest. Husbands or other family members should take over as "main actors" in caring for the baby for a while. Give the mother a "me-time" to reduce the stress that is felt.

While for postpartum depression, in addition to doing these things, consulting a psychiatrist is a very important thing to do. Psychiatrists will provide anti-depressant medication and counseling both mother and family. Treatment for mothers who experience postpartum depression must be prioritized. Because if not treated properly, mothers can experience severe mental disorders.

Another important thing is to understand how to prevent baby blues syndrome and postpartum depression. Prevention of psychological disorders must begin during pregnancy, namely by:

  • Mothers must equip themselves with sufficient knowledge about baby care from the time of pregnancy
  • Make an "agreement" regarding the division of roles and tasks in managing babies with husbands
  • If needed, mothers can ask for help from other people such as family members, doulas, or baby sitters to help care for the baby.

After all, the mother should have time for herself at least one hour per day to be able to release fatigue and fatigue after giving birth.

Caring for and raising a baby is not only the responsibility of the mother alone but also the responsibility of the father and other family members. Equipping yourself with knowledge about baby care and sharing a good role between father and mother is an important key to preventing and overcoming baby blues syndrome and postpartum depression.

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