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Dysesthesia, Disorder that Makes Skin Painful When Touched

Have you ever felt burning or sore when your skin was touched by a normal object, even though the skin part was not injured? Tingling is one example of a condition that makes our skin feel painful when touched, but tingling is a natural thing that happens and usually passes. But if you continue to feel pain when touched, there is a possibility that you suffer from dysesthesia.

What is dysesthesia?

Dysesthesia is absorbed from Greek, ‘dys’ means abnormal, while ‘aesthesis’ means abnormal sensation. Dysesthesia is a neurological condition characterized by a disturbance in the sense of touch. If you are touched, an uncomfortable sensation will appear. Dysesthesia can occur in all parts of the body, most often on the skin, scalp, legs and mouth. The sensation does not occur in the normal nervous system, but is triggered by central pain. With the same sensor damage, the sufferer is confused with the sensation that appears. The symptoms caused are:

  • Heat in the skin
  • The skin becomes very sensitive, even if it is exposed to clothes, causing pain
  • Experiencing tingling
  • Experiencing numbness

The sensations produced are usually stimulated. Nervous dysesthesia is usually associated with chronic anxiety. Someone who has an anxiety disorder is at risk of developing dysesthesia.

What are the types of dysesthesia?

Dysesthesia is grouped into four types that can trigger different sensations, such as:




  • Dysesthesia of the skin: this type is characterized by pain that is uncomfortable on the skin when touched by something, even your own clothes. The pain caused can be an ordinary tingling, until the pain that makes you unable to move.
  • Dysesthesia of the scalp: this type of pain is identified by a sensation of pain on the surface of the scalp. Symptoms can be excessive itching on your scalp. Chronic muscle tension occurs in the pericranium and secondary scalp aponeurosis which underlies cervical spine disease, this disease can also cause symptoms of scalp dysesthesia.
  • Occlusal dysesthesia: this symptom is identified in the mouth or oral tissue in the presence of a sensation such as being bitten. This is known as bite illusion, usually occurs in people who have just completed dental surgery.
  • Dysesthesia is on fire: in this type the sensation is that the patient feels burning by fire.

Patients with dysesthesia can also be found in people with certain medical conditions such as diabetics, multiple sclerosis (autoimmune diseases that attack several nervous systems), and neuropathy (drawing a condition with nerve damage).

What are the symptoms of dysesthesia?

Symptoms that appear depend on the types of dysesthesia experienced. Patients like feeling the acid on their skin, so it feels sick and uncomfortable. The level of pain and discomfort varies, ranging from mild to very painful. You may also feel like something is under the surface of your skin.

Causes of Dysesthesia

There are many reasons for dysesthesia, but the general cause is because a person has a lesion or damage or abnormal tissue system. This can affect the course of the sensor, peripheral nerves, or sensory nerves. For example, an uncomfortable sensation in the arm can be caused by a nerve problem that connects the arm and brain. Some of your brain processes the sensations that come from your hands. Here are some other causes:

  • It can be a symptom of Guillain-Barre syndrome which is a disorder of your peripheral nervous system
  • It can be a symptom of nerve damage caused by Lyme disease - a disease that can be spread by tick bites
  • Symptoms of drug substances and alcohol from the body
  • Use of certain drugs

Treatment of Dysesthesia

Treatment will be based on the cause of sensory signals that appear and cause abnormal sensations. You should immediately find the right doctor, because sometimes it is difficult to identify whether the pain is real or not. Some treatments will involve:

  • There is electrical nerve stimulation to stop the messy signal
  • Involves nerves that cause neurotomy
  • Manage pain and make you comfortable during treatment
  • Involves oral muscle physical therapy
  • Take antidepressants to help you with oral dysesthesia and scalp
  • If it occurs because of diabetes, you must pay attention to your blood sugar level





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Is a health and wellness enthusiast. In him free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.

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