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Facts Behind the Benefits of Ginseng for Health

In traditional medicine, ginseng is a famous herbal plant. This plant is believed to have many properties and has been used to overcome many diseases.

Ginseng is found in North and East Asia like Korea. There are two types of ginseng commonly used, namely American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius) and Korean or Asian ginseng (Panax ginseng).

Although various types of ginseng have different properties, in general, ginseng has an active compound which is thought to play an important role in the efficacy of this plant. The active compounds are ginsenosides.

Facts about American Ginseng

American ginseng is often used to boost the immune system, overcome colds and flu, and relieve stress. There are also those who use ginseng to increase appetite and improve the digestive system.

Not only that, American ginseng is also claimed to be good for treating various diseases, such as diabetes, anemia, insomnia, fever, erectile dysfunction, cancer, joint pain, dizziness, memory loss, and HIV / AIDS.

But based on research, so far there are only two conditions that show a positive response to ginseng, namely respiratory tract infections (such as colds or flu) and diabetes.

Benefits of ginseng

Respiratory tract infections

Taking American ginseng extract at a dose of 200-400 mg for 3-6 months, is believed to prevent flu and colds in adults aged 18 to 65 years. For older people over 65 years, it is recommended to also get injections of flu vaccines to reduce the risk of getting a cold or flu. If you have had a cold or flu, according to research, taking ginseng will make your symptoms feel lighter and will heal faster.


Eating 3 grams of American ginseng at least two hours before meals is thought to be effective in reducing blood sugar levels after eating in people with type 2 diabetes. The results also showed that American ginseng is beneficial in reducing fasting blood sugar levels.

The researchers suspected that this was due to the active substance ginsenosides contained in ginseng. Research also shows that the efficacy of American ginseng can prevent diabetes complications such as eye and heart damage.

For those of you who are interested in trying American ginseng, you can try it while following the usage rules. Safe doses range from 100 - 3000 milligrams with a duration of use of a maximum of 12 weeks. But this supplement may still be used safely for up to 6 months. Children are not advised to take ginseng, except under the supervision of a doctor.

Although natural, American ginseng can also cause certain side effects, such as itching, insomnia, diarrhea, headache, vaginal bleeding, nervousness, rapid heartbeat, increased or decreased blood pressure, breast pain, a severe rash called Stevens-Johnson syndrome, liver damage, and severe allergic reactions (anaphylactic shock).

We recommend that you avoid or be careful about consuming this ginseng if:

You are pregnant and breastfeeding

According to research, American ginseng can affect the womb and cause babies to be deformed at birth. So far no known side effects in nursing mothers. But just in case, it's better to avoid consuming it while breastfeeding.

Having conditions that are sensitive to hormones

American ginseng is known to have an active compound called ginsenosides. These compounds can act like the hormone estrogen. If you have a condition that is sensitive to hormones, especially estrogen, it is better to avoid using it. Examples of conditions that are sensitive to hormones are uterine cancer, ovarian cancer, endometriosis, and breast cancer.

Insomnia sufferers

Taking high-dose American ginseng is associated with insomnia. If you have insomnia, you should avoid consuming it


One of the benefits of American ginseng is that it can help reduce sugar levels in diabetics. However, your blood sugar levels may drop dramatically until hypoglycemia occurs if you take blood sugar-lowering drugs along with American ginseng. It's best to be careful and always check your blood sugar levels if you consume these herbs.

Will undergo surgery

Stop consuming American ginseng at least 7 days before surgery, because American ginseng might affect blood sugar levels. This can interfere with blood sugar control during and after surgery. Ginseng can also increase the risk of bleeding during surgery.

Facts about Korean Ginseng

Unlike American ginseng, Korean ginseng has more benefits. Even so, it is not comparable to the claims of its usefulness that have been circulating in the community such as overcoming anxiety, depression, chronic fatigue syndrome, improving the immune system, asthma, anemia, and various types of cancer. Further research is needed to find out the benefits of Korean ginseng in dealing with these conditions.

Here are some conditions that Korean ginseng can overcome.

Erectile dysfunction

For men who experience this problem, you can try consuming 900 mg or 1,400-2,700 mg of Korean ginseng three times a day for 12 weeks.

Read More : Overcome erectile dysfunction with these foods

Premature ejaculation

A study says that administering Korean ginseng extract at a dose of 350 mg for 8 weeks can improve male sexual function. The efficacy of Korean ginseng is believed to be good for improving male sexual health.


Korean ginseng can improve the health and sexual satisfaction of women entering menopause. Research shows that menopausal women who consume Korean ginseng extract show better sexual satisfaction and complain less about depression or mood disorders. Korean ginseng can also increase antioxidant levels in menopausal women.

Mental function

For those of you who have entered middle age, you may try consuming 200-400 mg of Korean ginseng a day, for 12 weeks. Based on research, ginseng can improve mental functions, such as improving thinking power and abstract thinking skills. Ginseng is also believed to be able to improve memory in people aged 38 to 66 years, when combined with ginkgo biloba leaf extract.

Alzheimer's disease

Eating 4.5-9 grams of Korean ginseng extract daily for three months is likely to improve mental performance in patients with Alzheimer's disease.

Lung disease

For those of you who have lung problems, especially chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), you can try consuming 100 mg to 6 grams of Korean ginseng three times a day, for 3 months. Research shows that active substances in Korean ginseng can enhance antioxidant effects in the lungs that can improve COPD symptoms.


Eating Korean ginseng plus a flu shot can reduce the risk of contracting a cold or flu.

Multiple Sclerosis

Eating ginseng extract can inhibit the course of the disease and reduce the symptoms felt by people with multiple sclerosis.

Even though it's natural, eating herbal plants like Korean ginseng must still be careful. It is best to avoid using it if you are pregnant and breastfeeding. Korean ginseng should not be given to children.

You should avoid consuming ginseng if you have diabetes, bleeding disorders, autoimmune diseases, hormone-sensitive conditions, insomnia, schizophrenia, or have had an organ transplant.

If you look at the benefits of ginseng from a medical point of view, the effectiveness of ginseng as a treatment for certain diseases still needs further investigation. For those of you who want to try to do treatment with ginseng, follow the instructions for use to avoid things that are not desirable. Buy products that are already registered, and you should consult your doctor first before taking ginseng.



US National Library of Medicine, NIH MedlinePlus (2017). Herbs and Supplements. American Ginseng.

Ehrlich, S. University of Maryland Medical Center (2015). Asian Ginseng.

Kim, et al. NCBI (2013). Ginseng for managing menopause symptoms: a systematic review of randomized clinical trials. Journal of Ginseng Research.

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Is a health and wellness enthusiast. In him free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.

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