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Ganglion cyst, beware If there Is a lump containing water in the hand

Ganglion cysts are usually not accompanied by pain and are not dangerous. But if you feel pain, pain, tingling, numbness, or muscle weakness, that means the cyst has pressed against the adjacent nerve.

Ganglion cysts are gel-like fluid-filled lumps that usually grow along the tendon, joints in the hand, or on the wrist. However, cysts ranging in size from peas to 2.5 cm in diameter can also appear on the legs or ankles. As a result, hand or foot movements can be disrupted.

Ganglions are benign tumors, harmless and will not spread to other areas. If the ganglion does not cause pain or discomfort, the lump can be left alone and can be deflated without treatment, although the process can take years. The cyst can be painful if the position is pressing against the nerve nearby. Sometimes, the area around the cyst can feel numb. Joint movements and the strength of the grip in the hand that has a cyst can also be affected.

What causes ganglion cysts?

Nobody knows exactly what causes ganglion growth. Lumps appear to appear when synovial fluid (lubricating joints or tendons) leaks and stagnates in the bag.

One theory suggests that trauma causes the joint tissue to rupture to form small cysts which then combine into a larger and more real mass. The theory that most likely involves defects in the joint capsule or tendon sheath that allow the joint tissue to protrude.

However, there are several risk factors that make some people have ganglion:

  • Age and sex: ganglion can affect anyone, but is most often found in women aged 20-30 years.
  • Injuries: joints or tendons that have been injured in the past are more likely to develop cysts.
  • Because of overuse: people who use joints too often are more likely to have a cyst lump. Female gymnasts, in particular, are very susceptible to developing ganglion.
  • Osteoarthritis: people who have arthritis in the finger joints that are closest to the nail are at a higher risk of developing a cyst near the joint.

How To Cure Ganglion Cysts?

Ganglion cysts can heal on their own and disappear without any treatment, although it can take up to years. However, if the cyst causes pain or disrupts body movements, there are ways that can be done to eliminate cysts, namely:


The area where there is a ganglion cyst is splinted or brace for a while, for example on the foot or hand. The goal is to immobilize the limb area so as to prevent the cyst from getting bigger. The cyst can enlarge if the surrounding area moves a lot. When the cyst bump shrinks, then the pain subsides because the pressure of the ganglion cyst against the surrounding nerve relaxes. It is recommended not to use splint or brace in the long run, because it can cause the muscles in the surrounding area to weaken.


Aspiration is a simple and painless procedure. The patient can even leave the hospital immediately after the procedure. In this procedure, the doctor removes fluid from the cyst using a syringe. Aspiration is often the first choice for treating ganglion cysts because it is considered less risky compared to surgery. Unfortunately, this procedure has a weakness, namely ganglion cysts can grow back. If that's the case, the only way to go is by surgery.


There are two types of surgery that can be used to eliminate ganglion cysts. Options can be made by considering the location of the ganglion cyst, the anesthetic drug used, and what the surgeon thinks is better. The two types of operations are:

  • Open operation. In this procedure, the doctor makes an incision that is about 5 cm long above the location of the ganglion cyst.
  • Arthroscopic surgery. The doctor makes a small incision to insert a tiny camera (arthroscope) which makes it easier for them to look into the joint. Then the arthroscope is used as a guide tool to eliminate ganglion cysts. This type of surgery is less painful after surgery.

There is something to be aware of, as long as the ganglion cyst is still perched on the hand (or your feet), it is recommended not to squeeze, stab, or hit it. Besides being ineffective, this method can also cause infection. If suddenly there is a lump in your hand or foot, it's better to immediately see a doctor to get the right treatment.

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Is a health and wellness enthusiast. In him free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.

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