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Get to Know the Trigger Factors and Signs of Wanting to Kill Yourself

d Suicide is a way for someone to end his life. Those who decide to commit suicide, do it by hanging themselves, taking drugs over dosages, drinking toxic liquids, or using weapons. Men in their 40s and 50s are more likely to commit suicide attempts.

Usually, this is done secretly so that it is difficult to prevent. Therefore, it is important to recognize the triggers and signs of someone who wants to commit suicide. Who knows, the people closest to you save that desire. So, it is your duty to prevent it from doing that.

Trigger Factors Someone Wants to Kill Himself

Suicide can affect anyone, but there are several characteristics and conditions that increase this risk. However, someone may be more likely to try to commit suicide if they have a mental disorder. About 90 percent of people who commit suicide experience psychological problems at the time of their death.

Here are some conditions that can trigger suicide, including:

1. Anorexia nervosa

Avoid food as much as possible and always lie that they are not hungry or have eaten, that is the sign of anorexia nervosa. People with this eating disorder feel fat, which makes them constantly losing weight. They really control and limit what they eat. An estimated 1 in 5 people with anorexia nervosa will commit suicide attempts at least once during their lifetime. The death rate due to suicide is quite high in patients with eating disorders, especially in young women.

2. Threshold Personality Disorder

This disorder is also called borderline personality disorder (BPD). The main sign of someone having a threshold personality disorder is often hurting themselves. Other signs are unstable emotions and sometimes difficulty in socializing. These people tend to have a history of sexual abuse in their childhood and have a higher risk of committing suicide. It is estimated that more than half of people with this disorder will commit suicide attempts at least once during their lives.

Read Also : Get to know people with multiple personality disorder

3. Bipolar disorder

People who have bipolar disorder will experience very drastic mood changes. Those who had felt very happy and excited suddenly could turn into sad, lackluster, and even depressed. These people have a 20 times higher risk of attempting suicide, compared to normal people. It is estimated that one in three people with bipolar disorder will attempt suicide at least once during their lifetime. People with bipolar disorder who also have anxiety problems have a higher risk of attempting suicide.

4. Schizophrenia

Often hallucinating, changing behavior or believing in things that are not true are signs of people with schizophrenia. It is estimated that 1 in 20 people with schizophrenia will try to commit suicide.

5. Severe depression

The characteristics of people who experience severe depression are feeling hopeless, a bad mood, feeling tired, or losing interest and motivation in life. Such features can have a negative impact on the life of the person as a whole. In the end, this can trigger them to be more likely to try to commit suicide.

In addition to the above mental conditions, other factors that can also trigger someone's suicide are:

  • Ever experienced sexual abuse.
  • Social and economic factors, such as: losing a job or having debt.
  • Have a certain sexual orientation such as gay, lesbian, or transgender.
  • Prison prisoners or someone who has just been released from prison can also have the desire to commit suicide.
  • Become a victim of bullying.
  • Poor sleep quality and lack of sleep are also associated with an increased risk of suicide in the elderly group. Elderly people who experience a lack of sleep have an increased risk of suicide.

Read Also : Depression: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

What are the Signs?

There are a number of signs that may be shown or shown by someone who has a desire to commit suicide, for example:

  • Often talk about death.
  • Expressing his despair in living life is like saying, "Why do I live in the world?"
  • Self-hurt behavior.
  • Threatening suicide like saying, "If you choose him, I will kill myself."
  • Storing medicines that can be misused.
  • Become a drug user or drunkard.
  • Often angry suddenly.
  • Reckless and involved in activities that risk lives.
  • Withdraw from people around him.
  • Often looks worried.
  • Start making a will.
  • Reduced body weight due to changes in appetite.
  • Loss of interest in many things.
  • Having trouble sleeping and often feeling restless.

When there are people closest to showing these signs or experiencing conditions that can trigger suicide, you must be vigilant. As much as possible give extra attention to him, embrace him or invite him to consult with a doctor. Also observe his movements so that he doesn't do things that could endanger his life, especially when he is alone.

How do you handle it?

Every problem must have a solution, no matter how hard it is, the problem will definitely end. All you need to do if you or your relatives experience signs of wanting to be looking for professional help, visit a therapist.

Gather with positive and supportive people. Always remember that life is temporary, your problems are only temporary without having to end your life. Everyone on earth is valuable and can have a good role, and most importantly, never give up.

If your friend or relative has a problem and is discouraged, you must be a good listener. Try persuading you to go to a therapist, but don't argue about death or suicide. People who have severe problems tend to be unable to think rationally. Keep giving enthusiasm.

When people experience depression, generally the drugs used in the treatment are antidepressant drugs. You should consult a doctor before using it.

Advise him to avoid alcohol and drugs that can be misused to commit suicide. In addition, invite him to exercise regularly, at least three times per week. Physical activity can stimulate the brain to produce chemicals that can make it feel more relaxed and happy.



1. Webmd (2016). Recognize the warning sign of suicide.

2. NHS Choices UK (2015). Health A-Z, Why people attempt suicide. 

3. Bernert R.A., et al. JAMA Network (2014). Association of Poor Subjective Sleep Quality With Risk for Death by Suicide During a 10-Year PeriodA Longitudinal, Population-Based Study of Late Life

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Is a health and wellness enthusiast. In him free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.

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