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 Illustration of Hemiparesis

Hemiparesis: Muscle weakness on one body

Hemiparesis is a condition when one side of the body has weakness so difficult to move. This condition is generally experienced by people with stroke. There are various therapies to treat this condition. Check out more in the following reviews!

Hemiparesis comes from the word 'hemi' which means one side, and the word 'paresis' which means weakness. The limbs affected by hemiparesis are usually the hands, arms, chest, legs, and facial muscles. This condition can occur on the right or left only.

Causes of Hemiparesis Occurrence

Hemiparesis occurs because of damage to one side of the brain that can be caused by a stroke, brain injury, brain tumor, or injury to the nervous system. Which side of the body is experiencing weakness due to stroke, depending on the side of the brain where the damage occurred.

Hemiparesis can be contralateral, ie if muscle weakness occurs on the side of the body opposite to the damaged side of the brain, for example if damage to the right brain then hemiparesis will occur on the left side of the body, or otherwise. Hemiparesis can also occur on the same side of the brain.

Other symptoms that generally accompany hemiparesis are:

  • Difficulty walking
  • Muscle fatigue
  • Headache
  • It is difficult to grab or hold objects or objects
  • Impaired motion coordination


Due to muscle weakness on one side of the body, hemiparesis sufferers have difficulty in daily activities, such as standing, walking, eating, talking, dressing, even when using the toilet. Sometimes, it is also accompanied by symptoms of tingling and numbness on one side of the body affected by hemiparesis.

Hemiparesis is different from hemiplegia or paralysis of one side of the body. Hemiparesis only weakness is not paralyzed. Hemiparesis can also be called paralysis or partial paralysis. The hemiparesis patient can still move the affected side of the body, but only small and very weak movements.

The Right Handling for Hemiparesis

Proper handling can restore the strength of the weakened side of the body. Treatment methods include a combination of medical therapy with drugs, physiotherapy, occupational therapy, rehabilitation therapy, psychotherapy, and surgery if necessary.

Treatment of hemiparesis caused by a stroke will be adjusted for the type of stroke that occurs. If a stroke occurs due to a blockage in the bloodstream of the brain, it can be given thrombolytic and antithrombotic types of drugs to destroy blockages and smooth the blood flow of the brain. If it is caused by cerebral hemorrhage, it is necessary to gradually decrease blood pressure, as well as surgery to deal with bleeding and blood clots. Whatever the cause, hemiparesis is a condition that needs to be monitored and treated from the medical team at the hospital.

Here are some types of handling that can help restore the condition of hemiparesis with the focus of improving the ability of body movement.

  • Modified constraint-induced movement therapy (mCIMT)

This therapy limits the use of normal body parts, instead encouraging the patient to use the weakened side of the body. Regular exercise with this therapy can improve nerve function. Several studies have shown that mCIMT works best when combined with other therapies. Research also shows that this method is well done as an attempt to improve the strength of arms and hands that have hemiparesis due to stroke.

  • Electrical stimulation

This therapy is useful for increasing sensitivity of sensory nerves, strengthening the affected parts of the body hemiparesis (hands, arms, legs, legs), reduce muscle stiffness, and increase the range of movement. The procedure is done by placing the electrical pads on the weakened muscles of the body part of the hemiparesis. The light electrical charge that is channeled through the pads will make the muscles contract as you attempt to move.

  • Mental imaginery or imagination

Imagining is the process of imagining moving parts of the body affected by hemiparesis, and activating areas of the brain and muscles as if you were actually doing the activity. This method is one form of psychotherapy. When you imagine using or moving a weakened body part, the body's nerves send signals to the brain that weak body parts become strong again. Several studies have shown, this imaginary therapy is effective to restore strength to the arm, when combined with conventional therapy.

  • AIDS

Doctors may recommend the use of aids, such as a cane or wheelchair, to help the patient in motion and prevent injury. The physician or physiotherapist will recommend the device according to the patient's condition.


In addition to therapy, rehabilitation, and and use of assistive devices, home exercise can also help improve movement and help the hemiparesis recovery process. Exercise done repeatedly on a regular basis will help improve control and flexibility of body movement. Patients can consult a physician regarding any special activities that can be done at home, which will help the recovery process after hospitalization.

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Is a health and wellness enthusiast. In him free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.

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