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Hepatitis A Transmission and Preventive Steps

Hepatitis A is one type of hepatitis caused by an infection that still occurs in many developing countries. This is because the transmission of hepatitis A can occur easily through drinking water, food, or poor sanitation. Know how to spread hepatitis A so that we can prevent it.

There are five types of hepatitis, namely hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E. Each hepatitis has a different pathway of transmission and transmission, but both are caused by viral infections. Hepatitis B and C virus infections can occur due to physical contact and body fluid contact. While transmission of hepatitis A and E is usually through water, food, and life behavior that is not clean. Hepatitis D is a continuation of hepatitis B, the hepatitis B virus that accumulates and then forms the hepatitis D virus.

Hepatitis A is an infectious disease of the liver caused by hepatitis A. This highly contagious disease is closely related to poor hygiene and sanitation. Let us know more about hepatitis A and how it is transmitted.

How to spread Hepatitis A

The spread of the hepatitis A virus occurs through the fecal-oral pathway, where the virus enters the mouth through objects, food, or drinks that have been contaminated with feces of hepatitis A sufferers. The following are some ways to transmit the hepatitis A virus:

From person to person

Transmission of hepatitis A can occur when:

  • A person suffering from hepatitis A does not wash his hands clean after using the toilet, then touching objects or food.
  • Make close contact with people with hepatitis A, for example treating hepatitis A patients, cleaning patients' objects, or having oral and anal sex with hepatitis A patients.

From food and drinks

A person can contract hepatitis A when consuming food and water contaminated with the virus. These include frozen food, undercooked food, ice blocks, and shells contaminated with the hepatitis A virus.

You are also at high risk of contracting hepatitis A if:

  • Live with hepatitis A sufferers.
  • Living in areas with poor sanitation and polluted water.
  • Work or live in a densely populated environment with poor sanitation and lack of clean water.
  • Didn't get hepatitis A vaccination.
  • Using drugs, especially injecting drug types.
  • Become a sexual partner of a person with hepatitis A.
  • Have blood clots, such as hemophilia.

A person can get hepatitis A within 2 weeks to 2 months after the hepatitis A virus enters his body. Commonly felt symptoms are fever, nausea, abdominal pain, muscle pain, jaundice, and dark urine.

Handling and Prevention of Hepatitis A

There is no specific treatment for dealing with this disease because the immune system will eliminate the virus by itself. Treatment only aims to relieve symptoms, such as giving fever-lowering drugs to relieve fever.

To prevent hepatitis A virus infection or transmission to other people, you can do the following steps:

  • Always wash your hands with soap and clean water, especially before preparing food, before eating, after disposing of garbage, and after using the toilet.
  • Avoid sharing the use of eating utensils, towels, and toothbrushes, especially with hepatitis A sufferers.
  • Get hepatitis A vaccine
  • Avoid consuming water that is not clean.
  • Avoid eating raw fruit, peeled fruit, and raw vegetables in dirty environments.

Immediately consult a doctor if you feel some symptoms of hepatitis A, especially if many people suffer from hepatitis A in the environment around your residence.

Given the main transmission of this virus is through contact with goods, food, or drinks that have been contaminated with feces of patients, then the main step to prevent hepatitis A is to maintain personal hygiene and the environment.



1. World Health Organization (2018). Hepatitis A.

2. National Health Service UK (2019). Health A-Z. Causes - Hepatitis A. 

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