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Hepatitis A Vaccine Prevents Infections that Cause Liver Damage

Giving the hepatitis A vaccine aims to prevent the hepatitis A virus from causing infection in the liver. Hepatitis A virus infection is characterized by a number of symptoms such as abdominal pain, fatigue, fever, nausea, vomiting, dark urine, and jaundice.

The spread of the hepatitis A virus (HAV) occurs fecally-oral, namely the transfer of the virus from materially affected by contamination of feces or feces of patients with hepatitis A, to the mouth (oral) of healthy people. These stools can be carried in food, water, or certain objects while processing food and beverage ingredients, also influenced by a lack of personal hygiene.

Benefits of Hepatitis A Vaccine

The hepatitis A virus causes inflammation of the liver which results in serious disorders and can endanger survival. Therefore, the provision of hepatitis A vaccine must be given early, is the best step in preventing liver damage.

Hepatitis A, in many cases, does not cause symptoms in children. However, a number of new symptoms appear when the child is infected with hepatitis A virus infection growing up, which is characterized by:




  • Jaundice that causes discoloration of the skin and eyes to yellow, brownish urine, reddish or dark yellow resembles tea and pale bowel movements like clay.
  • Severe abdominal pain and diarrhea.
  • Tired, fever, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite and joint pain.

The hepatitis A vaccine is divided into three types, namely a combination of hepatitis A and B vaccines, a combination vaccine of hepatitis A and typhus (typhoid fever), and only the hepatitis A vaccine. The type of vaccine that is commonly available and often used is a vaccine only for hepatitis A and also a combination vaccine for hepatitis A and B. Consult your doctor about what type of vaccine you need.

Who Needs a Hepatitis A Vaccine?

Hepatitis A vaccine is given in two injections, with a distance of 6-12 months.

1. Toddler

Vaccination is recommended after 2 years of age in 2 doses. The first dose is given after the child reaches the age of 2 years, and is continued with the second dose after 6 months to 12 months after the first dose is given.

2. Tourists Visiting Risky Countries

In addition to the obligation to be given to children over one year, hepatitis A vaccine is also intended for foreign tourists or people traveling to certain countries and people who have a high risk of getting a viral infection. The first dose of the vaccine can be given as soon as possible when planning a trip.

As additional protection in adults, in patients with impaired immunity or chronic liver disease, immunoglobulin injections can be given. This injection can also be used for children under one year who cannot get the hepatitis A vaccine.

3. People who are vulnerable to viral infections

A number of conditions require an injection of hepatitis A vaccine, including chronic liver disease sufferers, men who have same-sex intercourse and drug users either through injections or not.

In addition, the hepatitis A vaccine should also be given to people with diseases that affect the blood system and the immune system.

There are also people at risk, including animal guards or nurses who are infected with hepatitis A, scientists who work in hepatitis A research laboratories, health workers, and those who have to work in areas that are less hygienic.

Beware of Allergic Reactions and Vaccinations on Pregnant Women

Meanwhile, hepatitis A vaccine should be avoided in a number of conditions, such as severe allergic reactions to the initial dose of hepatitis A vaccine or other vaccines. In such cases, no second dose vaccine is given. Give your doctor information about the severe allergic reactions you have.

Another condition that must be avoided in pregnancy. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant. Until now there has not been found a level of security in the provision of hepatitis A vaccines for pregnant women. Consult a doctor or nurse regarding the condition of the pregnancy before carrying out the hepatitis A vaccine.

Provision of hepatitis A vaccine needs to be delayed if you experience severe illness. For minor illnesses such as flu, vaccine administration can still be done.

Prevention of hepatitis A can be done by taking easy steps in maintaining cleanliness. Among them, washing hands with clean water and soap before meals and after from the toilet, and avoiding consumption of foods that are not guaranteed clean.





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Is a health and wellness enthusiast. In him free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.

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